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Frames, Idealized Cognitive Models (ICM) & Domains
Transcript of Frames, Idealized Cognitive Models (ICM) & Domains
Language as a system of communication that reflects the world as it is construed by humans
Idealized Cognitive Models (ICM)
"A coherent area of conceptualization relative to which semantic units may be characterized
Any system of linguistic choices that can get associated with prototypical instances of scenes.
"NOBODY CAN REALLY UNDERSTAND THE MEANINGS OF THE WORDS IN THAT DOMAIN WHO DOES NOT UNDERSTAND THE SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS OR THE STRUCTURES OF EXPERIENCE WHICH THEY PRESUPPOSE"
We not only employ cognitive frames to produce and understand language, but also to conceptualize what is going on between the speaker and addressee.
They provide a tool for talking about the background knowledge and interpretations one brings.
Lakoff proposes that "
wide variety of experiential factors determine in large measure, universal structural characteristics of language
" and he finishes saying that "
what I would like to show is that thought, perception, emotions, cognitive processing, motor activity, and language are all organized in the same kinds of structures, which I am calling 'Gestalts'
Gestalt provides the underpinnings for ICMs in Cognitive Linguistics.
ICMs are proposed as a way in which we organize knowledge. The MODELS are
, in that they involved an abstraction.
[HUMAN]; [MALE]; [ADULT]; [NEVER MARRIED]
Pope John Paul II?
Five basic types of ICMs