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The History and Timeline of Classical Music

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Faith Scavarelli

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of The History and Timeline of Classical Music

The History and Timeline of Classical Music The Creation of Classical Music: The roots of Western classical music lie in early Christian liturgical music, and its influences date back to the Ancient Greeks. Development of individual tones and scales was done by Ancient Greeks, who also created a tuning system and created musical notation. Medieval Music Era: The Medieval Era begins with the fall of the Roman Empire. Earlier Medieval music was monophonic (Having only one line of music) Medieval Instruments included: The Flute. The Recorder Medieval music used many plucked instruments. Such as the lute, mondore, and the psaltery. (500-1400) (lute) (Psaltery) Early Western- Early Western- Renaissance Music Era: (1400-1600) Polyphony becomes more elaborate; its use encouraged the use of larger ensembles of music and demanded the creation of instruments that could reach higher and lower pitches. Polyphonic (Has two or more lines of music) was created later in the Medieval Era. (mandore) Renaissance Instruments: Many instruments originated during this era; other were a variation, or improved upon version of previous instruments. Instruments during this era: (viol) Early Western-
Baroque Music Era: (1600-1750) Baroque forms a major portion of classical music, being widely studied, preformed and listened to. Opera was established as a genre of music during this period. Baroque Instruments Included: The Violin, Viola, Cello, Mandolin, and Guitar were created during this era. The oboe was first introduced. Clavichord, Harpsichord, Tangent Piano, Fortepiano, and the Organ were created. Composers of the Baroque Era: Johann Sebastian Bach, and Antonio Vivaldi were among the Baroque composers. Common Practice: Classical Music Era: (1750-1820) In the 18th century, Europe began to move toward a new style in architecture, literature, and arts called Classicalism. Importance was given to instrumental music- the main kinds were: Sonata Trio String Quartet Symphony Concerto Serenade Divertimento Famous Composers of the Classical Era: Ludwig Van Beethoven, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are among the Classical Era composers. (clavichord) (harpsichord) (Tangent Piano) Common Practice- Romantic Music Era (1815-1910) Romantic music attempted to increase emotional expression and extend the structure of classical music. Most Romantic music was based off of other art forms, such as literature, history or nature. Romantic Era Composers: Johannes Brahms, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, and Frederic Chopin are among the romantic era composers. 21st Century - (2000-present) 21st-century- Some elements of the previous century have been retained but there is a growing move towards postmodernism, polystylism and eclecticism. Modern, 20th Century, Contemporary (1910-1975) Composers began to develop the Post-Romantic and Impressionism styles. The Trumpet, and Trombone .
Viol, and Harp.
Tambourine, the Bagpipes, and variations of it existed. The End
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