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Health during the Industrial Revolution

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on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of Health during the Industrial Revolution

Health during the Industrial Revolution
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
- Disease was a constant threat to society during the Industrial Revolution

- Disease was able to spread much more rapidly and new forms of disease emerged that were more deadly

- As more people moved into cities the demand for housing increased leading to a lower standard of construction

- Water was one of the main problems. Factories would dump waste into streams and rivers that were supplying water to homes for drinking, cleaning and cooking
- Cholera was greatly feared disease that accounted for thousands of deaths during the Industrial Revolution

- London’s sewers were not installed until 1859, so contaminated human and animal faeces often found their way onto the streets and into water supplies

- Caused by coming in contact with contaminated water

- Highly contagious

- During the outbreak from 1831-32 in London, 7000 people died of this disease representing a 50% death rate of those who caught it
Overview
- Smallpox made a major re-occurrence in industrial cities even after the Edward Jenner's vaccine (worlds first vaccine to treat smallpox, first tested in 1796)

- Many people in industrial cities were ignorant to the fact that the vaccine was available

- Smallpox spreads from contact with infected people so as cities became more crowded and populated the disease spread with more ease
Smallpox
Water Problems - Cholera
- Greatest killer in the cities

- Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease, affecting the lungs most commonly

- Those affected are most likely malnourished (low immune system) and live in dirty and damp homes environments

- Tuberculosis is spread through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze

- Since cities were becoming more overcrowded this made it easy for the disease to spread through the air

- One third of all those who died in Britain from 1800-1850 were diagnosed with TB
Tuberculosis (TB)

- Many people worked in extremely dangerous conditions - men, women and children would work long hours in mines or factories

- This resulted in thousands being killed or injured by the heavy machines

- The coal used to power the machines was mined in dreadful conditions, with many workers killed by gas, explosions, or due to tunnels caving in
Industrial Deaths
How Health has changed because of the Industrial Revolution
- Many reforms were made after the Industrial Revolution to change and improve the conditions of factories and our laws - Factory Act, Mines Act, Employment of Children in Factories Act, etc.

- Sanitation systems were improved - better sewage systems, removal of waste from streets, and the improvement of water supplies.

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