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Gothic Art

A brief introduction to gothic art including stained glass, universities replacing monastic schools, guilds, the Hundred Years War, the Black Death, romantic love, lancet windows, Chartres Cathedral, flying buttresses, manuscripts, and Giotto.

Ellen Mueller

on 8 February 2012

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Transcript of Gothic Art

Gothic Art circa 1150 - 1500 Context Architecture Book Arts Painting Gothic style =
soaring buildings (verticality)
sense of transparency produced by large expanses of stained glass
linear qualities http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/98/133398-050-3C993BC3.jpg The Monarchy became powerful in France. Europe remained rural, but towns were gaining prominance. http://www.buybali.com/20110314002n.jpg Universities started to replace monastic schools as centers of learning. http://www.tourist-spot.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/cambridge-university.jpg Guilds organized most of the production of art & goods. Churches dominated their surroundings and were central fixtures of urban life. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Chartres_cathedral.jpg There were clashes between rational inquiry and faith (think texts by Aristotle brought back by the crusades). http://gakuranman.com/eng/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/aristotle.jpg Gothic master builders saw divine order in geometric relationships and used these relationships as the underpinnings of architectural and sculptural programs. http://www.bryan-hart.com/images/kylemore_abbey_gothic_church.jpg Prosperity led to population growth =
not enough food! =
Peasant revolts! http://imageshack.us/f/696/rebelincampesinabundsch.jpg/ 2 major events: The Hundred Years War The
Death Idea of romantic love was born:
passionate devotion of lover and loved one
almost always illicit (woman is wife of another)
consummation was usually impossible
think knights serving refined ladies who may bestow tokens of affection or cruelly withold their love on a whim
still a strong influence on today's concept of love Abbey Church of Saint-Denis

1140-44 Inside Note the lancet
windows (tall
skinny windows),
abundance of
color & light http://www.interamericaninstitute.org/St%20Denis%2009_15.jpg http://www.artbible.net/3JC/-Luk-01,39_Mary%20visits%20Elizabeth_La%20visitation/12%20%20CHARTRES%20CATHEDRAL%20%20VISITATION.jpg Column Statues
Chartres Cathedral http://lh3.ggpht.com/-R_haVCjlH7w/SzzonNe2fGI/AAAAAAAAGiQ/xvH6g13E1jE/_MG_4061%252520chartres.jpg Chartres Cathedral
1145-55 http://drc.kenyon.edu/bitstream/handle/2374.KENY/3115/1583.jpg?sequence=1 http://drc.kenyon.edu/bitstream/handle/2374.KENY/3108/1582.jpg?sequence=1 Flying Buttresses Cames = the lead
strips that join the
pieces of glass http://www.medievalart.org.uk/PhD/Plates/4_04%20Charlemagne%20-%20Panel%2004.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/95/Amiens_Cathedral_choir_Wikimedia_Commons.jpg Amiens Cathedral
1220-36 http://www.locaboat.com/galerie/photo/boating-holidays-in-France-canal-somme-amiens-cathedral-800-PFM.jpg Interior http://www.shafe.co.uk/crystal/images/lshafe/Reims_Cathedral_exterior.jpg Reims Cathedral
1211-1286 Manuscripts became
more high-quality. http://www.umich.edu/~marcons/Crusades/topics/women/blanche2.jpg Page with "Louis IX and Queen Blanche of Castile
Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/images/arth_214images/manuscripts/jeanne_d_evreux/matins.jpg Jean Pucelle. "Pages with Betrayal and Arrest of Christ" [1325-28] http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_LB2YzsLB1eU/TOy5KsJY7UI/AAAAAAAAANg/fpUV4nDHpdc/s1600/illuminated03.jpg Page with Psalm 1 (Windmill Psalter) [1270-80] http://lh4.ggpht.com/-wpo1CtTEOgk/SnZ4Xj3TUEI/AAAAAAAAC2I/Zi9f5zHz5xM/Giotto_di_Bondone_090.jpg Giotto di Bondone
"Virgin and Child Enthroned"
tempera and gold on wood http://www.mml.cam.ac.uk/global/images/chapel.jpg Giotto di Bondone
Arena (Scrovengni) Chapel
1305 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/archive/4/40/20110330211922!Giotto_-_Scrovegni_-_-36-_-_Lamentation_(The_Mourning_of_Christ).jpg Giotto di Bondone
"The Lamentation"
Fresco http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/Images/arth212images/gothic/Chartres/stained_glass/miracles_of_virgin_det.jpg "Miracles of the Virgin" Chartres Cathedral, [1220], stained glass Similar statues at the portal of the Chartreuse de Champmol by Claus Sluter, [1385-93] http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1d/Dijon_-_Chartreuse_de_Champmol_-_Portail_1.jpg http://26.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_llmze20jbK1qzzsg4o1_500.jpg "God as Architect"
mid-13th Century
8.5" wide http://www.scrapsplanet.com/content/love/love-12.jpg
Full transcript