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Fall of Rome
Transcript of Fall of Rome
Unit 7: DA
throughout the rule of the Roman Empire there were constant struggles with Germanic tribes in the North
sometimes Rome held them back
sometimes they became Roman allies
As the Huns invaded eastern Europe, other groups were displaced and crossed into Roman territory
already in decline, Rome couldn't stand up to invaders
Eventually Rome surrendered Britain, then France & Spain
378 AD - Rome suffered major loss to the Visigoths at Adrianople
Visigoths (led by Alaric) overran Italy & raided Rome
Vandals moved through France/Spain
Germanic tribes took western areas
434 AD - Attila the Hun
because of his ruthlessness, Christians called him the "scourge of God" because they thought he was punishment for their sins
swept across Europe, sent more Germanic tribes into Roman land
(died in 453)
476 AD - Odoacer (Germanic) ousted Roman emperor
referred to as the "fall" of Rome
bigger question: what causes the fall?
soldiers for pay
most obvious cause of the fall
Germanic tribes, Visigoths, Huns, Vandals, Ostrogoths, etc.
army lacked discipline in later years of the empire
needed soldiers - hired mercenaries
gov't became oppressive/authoritative
corruption took away from loyalty
issues with imperil succession caused aggression & civil war
BIGGEST PROBLEM: dividing empire in 1/2
heavier taxes burdened empire
slave labor discouraged new tech.
everyone was getting poorer
population declined with epidemics
devotion to duty