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Fall of Rome
Transcript of Fall of Rome
Unit 7: DA
there were constant struggles with Germanic tribes in the North
enemies or allies
The Huns invaded eastern Europe, other groups were displaced and crossed into Roman territory
Rome couldn't stand up to invaders
Over time, Rome surrendered Britain, then France & Spain
378 AD - Rome suffered major loss to the Visigoths at Adrianople
Visigoths (led by
) overran Italy & raided Rome
Assorted tribes took western areas
434 AD - Attila the Hun
Christians called him the "scourge of God" because they thought he was punishment for their sins
swept across Europe, sent more Germanic tribes into Roman land
(died in 453)
476 AD - Odoacer (Germanic) ousted Roman emperor
referred to as the "fall" of Rome
bigger question: what causes the fall?
soldiers for pay
most obvious cause of the fall
Germanic tribes, Visigoths, Huns, Vandals, Ostrogoths, Franks, etc.
army lacked discipline in later years of the empire
needed soldiers - hired mercenaries
gov't became oppressive/authoritative
corruption took away from loyalty
issues with imperial succession caused aggression & civil war
BIGGEST PROBLEM: dividing empire in 1/2
heavier taxes burdened empire
slave labor discouraged new tech.
everyone was getting poorer
population declined with epidemics