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Coral Reef Biome

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peyton karl

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Coral Reef Biome

Coral Reef Biome description Works Cited http://bioexpedition.com/coral-reef-biome/ Abiotic By Peyton Karl Factors Climate Temperature coral reef biomes have an average temperature of 77 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit. they maintain the temperature through the oceanic currents that circulate the water and help keep it warm. most coral reefs are in mild temperature waters, but even though this temperature range is optimal to maintain life, some coral reefs have adapted and are able to survive outside the normal temperature range. Elevation Changes a coral reef biome is found in shallow water. they can be in water as shallow as a few centimeters to as deep as 150 feet below sea level. Latitude Locations Sunlight Seasons & Precipitation Green House Effect http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/coralreef.html http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/coralreef.html Biotic
Factors coral reefs form in a zone extending from 30 degrees North to 30 degrees South a coral reef biome has two "seasons", a wet and dry season. during the wet season, a coral reef biome get about 400 mm of precipitation per month but gets no snow fall. this high precipitation helps replenish the evaporated water around the biome. during the dry season, the biome gets approximately only 33 mm per month. the dry season is usually the summer and fall months. a coral reef biome gets around 14 hours
of sunlight per day. though it may not seem like much, they get around 168 hours of sunlight per year. the sunlight helps to warm the water in the biome which effects the temperature as well. the green house effect casues warm water temperatures. these warmer water temperatures heat the water above the average temperature and cause the coral reefs to bleach. when the coral reefs lose their color, the fish and animals that live there leave because they can't depend on the reefs bright colors to camouflage them from predators. Producers Phytoplankton Red Coralline Algae Green Coralline Algae Zooxanthellae Seaweed Herbivores these producers capture energy by absorbing sunlight and absorbing nutrients from decomposers. zooplankton invertebrate larvae benthic grazers sea urchins green sea turtles these herbivores' main diet is eating the producers that live on the coral reefs. Carnivores tiger shark manta ray goatfish blue-ringed octapus 11-armed sea star pink anemone fish the dominant carnivores are the tiger sharks that live in the coral reef biome. they get around 1%of energy from eating the herbivores in the biome which get about 10% of energy from eating the producers which get 100% of the energy from the sunlight and decomposers. Omnivores trigger fish puffer fish cleaner fish parrot fish puffer fish eat a variety of crustaceans and reef algae. parrot fish usually feed on coral polyps and other invertebrates. another omnivore, the cleaner fish, feeds on mucous and parasites on other fish. Food Web Energy Pyramid 0.01 % energy 0.1% energy 1% energy 10% energy 100% energy most of energy lost http://www.coral-reef-info.com/coral-reef-food-web.html http://www.biology-blog.com/blogs/permalinks/4-2009/human-impacts-on-coral-reefs.html Human
Impact coral reef biomes are being effected by humans in many ways. one of those ways being the CO2 concentrate in the air which causes the temperatures to rise and ultimately causes the coral to bleach and not be able to function properly. with this affect, the fish aren't able to survive there, leaving a coral reef stranded and useless. when humans interact with coral reefs, they sometimes take things or damage things that are a necessity for the reef to survive, such as taking small fish or animals that live in the biome. to help stop the negative human impact on coral reef biomes, humans can stop burning non renewable resources that release the harmful CO2 into the air. humans also can stop taking and damaging fish and parts of the coral reef when they are in the biome and are interacting with it. by doing these things, humans can slow down the negative impact on coral reef biomes. http://www.weather-guide.com/Tourist-destinations/great-barrier-reef-weather.html http://indulgy.com/post/ikxwWjsqK1/save-the-coral-reef coral reef biomes are very common in the world's oceans. you find them mainly in tropical and costal areas. the reef's massive structure is formed from coral polyps, tiny animals that live in colonies; when coral polyps die, they leave behind a hard, stony, branching structure made of limestone which builds on until it forms a coral reef. coral reef biomes have coral reefs that are habitats to thousands of different marine species.
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