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Transcript of Chicano Rap
-Look back before moving forward...
Stuart Hall: any attempt to understand the significance of a cultural product must take into account its embeddedness within a larger societal discourse." Corridos; The "corrido "is a master poem" Jose Limon pg 18 "fused the aspects of the Chicana/o culture that surrounded me with aspects of Black expressive culture" Pancho pg 2 Performance of Masculinity Revolutionary Corridos and Gangsta Rap? So what does this mean for Chicano Rap? Misogyny and objectification of women "Thus, in Chicano rap, demeaning images of women from Black American male culture and the dominant US sexist culture have combined with those from Mexican partiarchal tradition." Images of breasts and buttocks of young women are valued as a form of capital that young men exchange in verbal bouts of one-upmanship. (pg 28) La Malinche (traitors), la llorona, la madre dolorosa (the sorrowful mother), la virgen, and the seductress Archetypes Chicana Rap; a response to the misogyny or conforming to stereotypes? Big Question Use of the 'N-word' in Chicano rap. Socioeconomic identifier or racial slur? pg 42 1) Ballad tradition handed down from the Spanish
2) An adversarial relationship with the dominant Anglo Society
3) A strong oral tradition
4) Patriarchal culture
Why corridos? Why then?
..glorified and celebrated Mexican rebellion through tales of violent exploits of male heroes
What did this accomplish?
A culture of hypermasculinity! Response to the Mexican resistance to the Anglo-European conquest of the US-Mexico borderlands The result?
Gender roles and La mujer buena (the good woman) "When you rap you are basically rapping to another rapper. Rap is a stage upon which to perform masculinity. Because male culture thrives on competition, rappers attempt to outdo each other. Masculinity must be proved, and no sooner is it proved than it is again questioned and must be proved again." Are these related at all?
Both rap and corridos came during times of changing political economic conditions...
Corridos: during and after the Mexican Revolution
Rap: during 1970s and 80s after the Civil Rights and Black Power movements
Articulation: Violence in Chicano rap arises and takes on meaning because it is articulated in the larger societal discourse of the 1980s and 1990s that foregrounded violence as entertaining, masculine, and a pragmatic solution to a variety of problems.
Kelley; "To be a real nigga is to be a product of the ghetto. by linking their identity to the hood instead of simply skin colour, gangster rappers implicitly acknowledge the limitations of racial politics, including black middle class reformism as well as black nationalism" In light of this misogynistic theme in Chicano rap, some Chicana rappers have responded by embracing the stereotypes in order to sell more records or to 'empower women' through role reversal in sexuality, while others have gone against the grain by projecting positive imagery for women in the industry.