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The Nationalist Revolution
Transcript of The Nationalist Revolution
Founders of Kuomintang
Created in 1912
Internally - to live side by side one another within the national boundaries
Externally - to be an independent state, spread the indigenous civilization, and to absorb what is best in world civilization
Overall goal - hope to "forge ahead with other nations towards the goals of ideal brotherhood"
no ground for preserving a monarchical government
the Chinese people have suffered over 260 years of oppression under the Machu
without a king and his throne there would be no contention for such things
create an even distribution of wealth
advocated the principle of state ownership
26 January 1923 Sun Yat-sen and Russia's Adolph Joffe make an agreement
February 1923 - Sun returns to Guangzhou, sets up HQ for new revolutionary government and makes Chiang Kai-shek Commandant
Michael Borodin and military advisors from Russia are sent to China to help
@ the 3rd National Congress of the CCP
Sun asks for help to reorganize the Kuomintang
promised Communists several high positions
Sun becomes leader
Individual Communists and SYL members accepted
Anti-imperialist, anti-feudal policy adopted
January 1924 - 1st National Congress of Kuomintang
12 March 1925:
Sun Yat-sen dies
Chiang Kai-shek becomes leader
1926-1927:Chiang starts Northern Expedition
In 6 months 34 warlords fall
most were bribed
some stepped aside for idealogical reasons
Chiang fought a combined force of over 5 times his own
1927: Remaining warlords and foreign imperialists bribe Chiang with $60,000,000 Chinese dollars
- he accepts
Chiang reverses Sun's policy: gets rid of the Communists and denies Russian aid
Starts civil war between the Communists and Kuomintang
1928: Chiang captures Beijing (held by Imperialists) and establishes a government in Nanjing
under Chiang's rule