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Transcript of Pop Culture
Class: 10 Yellow
Teacher: Mrs Hill Mainstream music is popular music, enjoyed by the majority of people. It is usually listened to on the radio and classified as the 'Top of the Charts'. Mainstream music is usually listened to by teens and is the latest 'trend' of music for that time. Mainstream music changes greatly throughout the years. How did Mainstream music change from 1950 - 1980? 1950's Rock'n'Roll introduced In the 1950's Black American music was mixed with White Country music and thus, Rock 'n' Roll was born. Rock 'n' Roll was hated by parents as it provoked 'rebelious' behaviour within the generation of teenagers. The attitudes this genre of music introduced was offensive to the older generations. The first genre of Rock 'n' Roll is classified as 'bubblegum rock'. Bubblegum rock was the first form of rock 'n' roll. It is a sweet, light version of rock and is the most innocent form of rock 'n' roll to date. An example of this genre of rock 'n' roll is 'Rock around the clock' by Bill Haley which is shown below. As the years went on, Rock 'n' Roll became louder, heavier and more 'hardcore' Another famous artist who was 'found' in the 50's is Elvis Presley. The Birth of Rock 'n' Roll Elvis Presley is a major contribution to the music world. He is classified as the 'King of Rock 'n' Roll'. In 1954, Elvis began his singing career with the Sun Records label in Memphis. In late 1955, his recording contract was sold to RCA Victor. He finally became famous in 1956. One of his most famous songs 'Hound Dog' is shown below. Elvis Presley
The King of Rock 'n' Roll For starters, we need to know... 1960's Motown, Folk & Protest music was born The most important change in Australia in the 1960's was the birth of surf music Motown, Folk and Protest music were all 'born' in the sixties. Motown was called so because the music originally came from the African American community that lived near 'motor industry'. An example of motown music is shown on the left with a Superstition by Stevie Wonder. Folk and Protest music was made to make a change in the world and is shown to the right with 'Man of Constant Sorrow' by Bob Dylan . Surf music was huge in Australia in the 1960's. It was happy, and encouraged many people to go to the beach. The name given to the teenagers who participated in this music is the 'surfies'. An example of this music is "He's My Blond Headed Stompie Wompie Real Gone surfer boy" by an Australian artist, Little Pattie. Surf Music (1960's) 1970's Australias first rock festival Sunbury Pop festival 1972 1975 Motown, Folk and Protest Glam was introduced Glam Glam was extremely flamboyant and 'strange'. It consisted of glitter, make-up and sequins and dominated the pop charts in the 70's. Glam is what introduced the artists to wearing lipstick and feathers. Skyhooks (left) and Sherbet (right) are an example of two extremely famous bands at the time. The introduction of Glam lead to Punk music in 1976.
Glam was derived from the colour and energy of the Hippie movement in the late 60’s. Glam, was somewhat a social movement in itself as it changed the way many people dressed and acted and lead to the introduction of punk. This video shows one of the most known songs in the 1950's and also displays what was classified as rock 'n' roll music at that time. The symbol of Rock 'n' Roll What social movements related to this change? Bibliography
Arts Centre. (2009). Music Timeline. Retrieved October 21, 2011, from Revolutions: http://revolutions.theartscentre.com.au
Dictionary.com. (2011). Mainstream. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Dictionary.com: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/mainstream
Elvis Presley Enterprises Inc. (2011). About the King. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from Elvis Presley: http://www.elvis.com/about-the-king/
Prof.Jakubowicz, A. (2011). Making Multicultural Australia. Retrieved October 24, 2011, from A multicultral history of Australia: http://www.multiculturalaustralia.edu.au/library/media/Timeline-Commentary/id/12.Emerging-social-movements-
Red Apple Education Ltd. (2011). Music and entertainment. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from Skwirk: http://www.skwirk.com/p-c_s-14_u-189_t-506_c-1872/nsw/history/australia's-social-and-cultural-history-in-the-post-war-period/social-and-cultural-features-of-the-1950s/music-and-entertainment
Rich, M. (2010). Retrieved October 24, 2011, from 50s Web: http://www.fiftiesweb.com/music-index.html
Sony Music Entertainment. (2011). Discography. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from Elvis Music: http://www.elvisthemusic.com/us/discography
Urban Dictionary. (2011). Mainstream Music. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Urban Dictionary: http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=mainstream%20music
Increase in leisure time Hippies & Surfers Introduced Glam derived from hippies The increase of leisure time made major changes to the average 1950's lifestyle. As the increase of 'out of house activities' grew, churches and clubs became popular. Also, the concept of taking a vacation was somewhat introduced in the 1950's.
There was some sense of post WWII hope, which made alot of Australians happier and more joyful. WWII also meant a lack of Australian popularity so the women were strongly encouraged to have alot of children, even at a younger age. This generation was called the 'baby boomers'.
Rock 'n' Roll music was born in the 1950s, to express this new freedom and fun that was brought with the post WWII hope and the scandelous behaviour of the baby boomers. 1950's Social Movements The hippie movement had a major impact on the increase and popularity of surf music in the 1960's. Hippies rejected their parents conservation, especially material goods. They were against violence, and were the creation of some well known sayings, such as "make love, not war" and "don't worry, be happy". They are known for sexual liberation and the use of drugs. The hippie movement intorduced the 'combi van' and appartments. 1960's Social Movement 1970's Social Movement What were the major effects of mainstream music on society? From 1950-1980, Australian mainstream music was hated by the older generations. It was said to provoke 'rebelious' behaviour and innapropriate clothing. Mainstream music followed by the trends in society, therefore related to the teenagers lives and made them feel free and able to do what they wanted as this timeframe was mainly about freedom after WWII. Social movements majorly effected the change in mainstream music from 1950-1980. This time period was a huge part of building the music industry into what it is today, as it produced many of the well known genres of the 21st century.
From scandelous rock of the fifties, to the peace and surf of the sixties, all through to the wild and glamorous seventies. These years are what makes our music today.