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Subjects, Verbs, and Parallelism

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by

Kaylee Parsons

on 5 August 2016

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Transcript of Subjects, Verbs, and Parallelism

A Matching Game
Subject-Verb Agreement & Parallelism
Subjects & Verbs
Subject
Verb
The subject of a sentence is the main "who" or "what", the topic; it may be a
noun
,
pronoun
, or
gerund
(the
-ing
form of a verb acting as a
thing
.)
The verb in a sentence is the action or state of being done by the subject.

Pronouns
A
pronoun
is a word that stands in for another noun (person/place/thing). Pronouns often take the place of a subject or object in a sentence.
he
she
it
they
Subject Pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns
everyone
someone
no one
For Example...
Just as a battery needs a positive and a negative side, your subject-verb unit needs a +s and a -s.
For example...
These
student
s
work
hard.
That
student work
s
hard.

parallelism
In a good English sentence, words/phrases that do the same job need to match in form.
Subjects
Objects
I enjoy
reading
,
running
, and
playing
piano.
Phone
s
and computer
s
are used everyday.
Verbs
My sister read
s
, speak
s
, and write
s
in three different languages.

Parallel Clauses
Even clauses sometimes require parallel structure.

My
sister measured
out the ingredients,
I mixed
them all together, and my
mother supervised
.
Example:
4. One group of people were going to the party in my car.
3. Few students are reading ahead of class.
2. There is many ways to show someone you care.
1. My brother, sister and I am going on a roadtrip.
Which one is correct?
[we]
are
(ways
are
)
one group...
was


Greg wants that guitar, but it is very expensive.
Listening is an important skill.
Some instruments are easy to learn.
The space station is costing a lot of money, but it provides essential data.
costs
Comparing with Parallel Structure
Parallel structure is needed in comparisons using
than
and
as
.
Example:
It is better to give than to receive.
His intelligence was as important as his working hard.
hard work
Academic Learning Center
(Writing Lab & ESOL Tutoring)
Library, West Wing
817-515-7147 NW.ALC@tccd.edu
Still have questions?
I
you
we
y'all
plural
everybody
somebody
nobody
singular!
Singular + Plural
Even with irregular verbs, the singular form usually ends with an
s
, and the plural form does not.
My homework
is
finished.
There
were
some papers on the desk.
Does
it look like rain?
Take note
: Collective nouns are always singular.
(homework, help, food)
Where it matters most...
Two-part constructions
Lists
Comparisons
Paired Clauses
two-part constructions
lists
Full transcript