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The Great Achievements and Inventions of Ancient Rome
Transcript of The Great Achievements and Inventions of Ancient Rome
By Mesa Matlock
Aqueducts were first developed near 312 B.C. They are large bridge-like
structures that transport water to the many fountains, public baths and
sewage systems of Ancient Rome by using gravity. Using these meant that cities
did not have to rest near bodies of water; aqueducts also liberated Roman cities
from the reliance of river-water, meaning bodies of water near Rome
were much cleaner than bodies of water near other cities.
Though Romans perfected it, they did not invent the aqueduct. many
civilizations like Ancient Egypt had made primitive canals similar to Roman
"inventor" - Appius Claudius
Many of the different instruments used for surgery in Ancient Rome.
Ancient Romans invented many different surgical instruments
(as shown to the left); most were double-ended so time was not
wasted searching for the right tools during surgery. Ancient
Romans also had the idea of field doctors under the leadership
of Augustus. Field doctors had to stay at battle camps and give
surgery to the wounded, saving the lives of thousands of
John Watson (field doctor)
First Emperor of Roman Empire
Concrete is one of the main Roman innovations still used today. It was used for many different Ancient Roman structures, like the Pantheon and the Colosseum. Concrete back then (2,100 years ago!) was made out of slaked lime and volcanic ash, unlike what today's concrete is made of. The invention of concrete enabled Romans to make better harbors and piers, as it can harden very quickly, even in water.
(This is concrete.)
Welfare was very important for many Roman citizens. It gave the poor food, entertainment, shelter, and many other expenses they could not afford. The first Roman welfare law was set up in 133 B.C by Gaius Gracchus. His form of welfare was to give cheap grain to the poor. Welfare was used by emperors to win the favor of the public and to keep the poor from rioting, although it may be what caused Rome's economical decline.
The Twelve Tables
Roman law has impacted many different governments. The most important part of Roman law was the Twelve Tables. The Twelve Tables give strict detail for many different laws about religion, property, and divorce. It listed the many different punishments for felonies from stealing bread to assassinating people.
Throughout the Ancient World, literature was written on clay tablets and long scrolls. Ancient Romans instead used the codex, or a stack of bound pages. The first codex ever recorded in history was a stack of parchment Julian Caesar used as a notebook during his ruling. Codices were first made of bound wax tablets, but they were later replaced with animal skin pages.
Ancient Rome was a massive city: most of its morning news could not reach the other part of Rome until the afternoon. To fix this disastrous problem, Romans had newspapers. Newspapers were written on large metal plates and then printed in crowded places like the Roman Forum. They consisted of military news, civilian deaths, disasters, and other important occurrences.
One of the metal (maybe stone?) plates used to print newspapers
The Julian Calendar
The Julian calendar was used more than 2,000 years ago. Today we use the Gregorian calendar, a more modernized version of the Julian calendar. The main difference between the Julian Calendar and the Gregorian Calendar is that the Gregorian Calendar has a "leap year" every four years to make up for the calendar miscalculating each solar year by eleven minutes.
By 1 A.D., Ancient Rome had a population of one million people. Most of the population lived in unsteady apartments up to five stories tall. At one time in Rome there were 40,000 apartments. They were overcrowded and hazardous, for if a fire started in one apartment building it had an easy path through the other buildings right next to it.
Trajan Market (First Shopping Mall)
The Trajan Market is known throughout the world as the first ever shopping mall. It was a four story tall structure with over 150 shops and offices.It was built around 110 A.D. and is where most trading in Rome took place. It is named after the Roman emperor Trajan, for it was he that administered the building of the market.
Cloaca Maxima (First Sewage System)
Ancient Rome was the first city to have a sewage system. It is called the Cloaca Maxima, which literally means “Greatest Sewer”.
At first the Cloaca Maxima had been an open canal, but it was later covered and used as a sewage system. The Cloaca Maxima branched off of the main sewer to many different places; yet all of them were public structures like bath-houses.