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Crime and Punishment During the Elizabethan Era
Transcript of Crime and Punishment During the Elizabethan Era
Crimes Committed In The Elizabethan Era
Many of the actions that were once considered crimes in the Elizabethan era are no longer considered crimes.
Various forms of punishment and torture were very common during the Elizabethan Era.
These crimes consist of witchcraft, begging (pan- handling), alchemy, speaking too freely, sedition and blasphemy.
Torture was typically used for gaining information, while punishments were given to the people who committed the crimes you just saw.
Alchemy: The crime of attempting to turn everyday metals into pure gold.
Forms of Torture
Sedition: Conducting or speaking about rebellion against the head of state.
Blasphemy: The action of speaking about the sacred gods in profane ways
Actors in the 16th century were no higher ranked than thieves and beggars. Actors would easily be accused of fake but sometimes real crimes. These crimes were stealing and impersonating people of higher status. Those that were accused of a crime were punished with red hot branding irons.Eventually the actors status was raised and they were not portrayed as criminals.
The rack consisted of a wooden frame with a roller on each side. A person was then laid out on the table and attached to the rollers. He was then stretched out until his limbs would become dislocated and eventually rendered useless.
The Scavenger's Daughter
This device had the opposite effect of the rack. It compressed one's body to the point where one would bleed out of their nose and ears.
Crimes Committed By The Rich Vs. Poor
The Iron Maiden
Anne Boleyn Story
The Iron Maiden is an upright sarcophagus with spikes lining the inner surfaces. A victim was placed inside this and then the doors were closed. The strategically placed spikes piercing several vital organs, while two are placed to go through the eyes
In Elizabethan times begging was considered a very serious crime and would result in many variations of punishments.
Actors needed to travel to their performances in order to be successful as an actor. However Queen Elizabeth had put a law in order that there were borders everywhere and one needed a license to prevent the spreading of the plague.Soon after actors became popular rich nobles would sponsor acting troupes which could travel freely throughout England.
The end of the metal poker was placed in hot coals for a lengthy period of time and then placed on various parts of the criminal. This caused excruciating pain and typically caused people to give up information very quickly.
Anne Boleyn's date of birth is guessed to be around 1501. Anne married King Henry VIII on January 25, 1533. Anne gave birth to a daughter named Elizabeth(Queen Elizabeth I). When Anne could not give birth to a male child King Henry VIII lost interest in her. Soon after she was convicted of adultery, incest(with her brother George Boleyn), Plotting to murder the King. She was executed by Beheading on Tower Hill in 1536
There was also a huge variety of other punishments given to criminals. Some of the most common being the following
Perhaps the worst crime of the era was treason. Treason was the crime of betraying ones country and trying to overthrow the government in power
Lastly, these were special punishments for specific crimes.
Pillory and The Stocks
Kathryn Howard Story
The Drunkard's Cloak
Kathryn Howard was born in 1521. At the age of 19 she became one of King Henry VIII ladies in waiting. 16 days after the King divorced Anne of Cleves, he married Kathryn Howard on July , 1540. Kathryn was not pleased by King men of her own age.She was then charged with adultry and was exicuted by beheading on February 13, 1542 at the age of 21.
The Gossip's Bridle or The Brank
When actors needed a license to travel around England sometimes actors would try to cross anyways. This would result the actor being branded with hot irons. Actors would sometimes have to run to the outside of town and touch the stones as the same thing would happen to beggars, while being beaten.
George Boleyn Story
George Boleyn was the brother of Anne Boleyn. George Boleyn was born 1500. In 1525 George Boleyn married a women name Jane Parker. As his sister rose in the ranks with King Henry VIII so did he. On May 15 1536 he was accused of treason and incest with his sister Anne. His wife Jane Parker testified against him. On May 17 of the same year he was Executed on Tower Hill by beheading. Along with him 4 others were Executed
Mary Queen of Scots
Mary was born in 1542. She was the cousin of Queen Elizabeth I.IN 1548 she was sent to live in France for her own safety. She married the son of Henry II, the king of France when she was 15 and he was 14. Her father-in-law in 1559 and her husband died in 1560. In 1561 she returned to Scotland as queen. She married her cousin in 1565. In 1566 she had a baby called James and he was to be king of England after Elizabeth died. Mary was executed by beheading for conspiring to kill Queen Elizabeth 1587