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1962: "Galactic Network" Idea
The first idea of what would eventually become the Internet - J.C.R. Licklider
1961: Invention of Packet Swithing
A data message is divided into segments, called packets, which are transmitted separately, possibly down different routes. Once all packets arrive at their addressed destination, the message is recompiled - Paul Baran
1968: oN-Line System (NLS) demonstrated
The first computer system to use hypertext, a mouse, screen windowing and presentation software was demonstrated as part of a videoconference after 6 years of development - Douglas Engelbart
Electronic Mail, a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients - Ray Tomlinshin
1977: Computer Modem
Converts between analogue and digital signals as a personal computer sends and receives data from other computers across telephone lines - Dennis C. Hayes and Dale Heatherington
1981: CSNET began
A network for institutions without access to ARPANET. It was later upgraded to NSFNET - National Science Foundation
1983: Communications Protocol
A set of rules, called a protocol, that define how data is to be transmitted and received on the network - Kahn and Vint Cerf
1983: Domain Name System Invented
A database system that translates user-friendly hostnames into IP addresses that numerically define the location of devices around the world. For example www.google.com -> 18.104.22.168 - Paul Mockapetris (Uni of Southern California)
One of the world’s first operational packet switching networks - Laurence Roberts
1990: ARPANET Began
1992: World Wide Web
A system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the internet - Tim Berners-Lee
1992: Internet Society
A not-for-profit organisation that provides "leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy" - Vint Cerf