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Safety

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by

Christopher Rickner

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Safety

What is safety? Safety Who is
responsible? How can
incidents
and accidents
be
prevented? JSA Attitude Knowledge Action Does minimizing safety have a cost? Financial Costs: Human Costs: Chief Executive Officer
Operations, Production, and Drilling Managers
Field Engineers
AMS Field Supervisors - Company Men
Contractor Supervisors --> contract employee
Sub-Contractor Site Supervisor --> sub-contract employee Safety is everyone's responsibility including: Training Awareness Planning Implementation Permits J S A ob afety nalysis What is a JSA? A tool that offers guidelines to
assist workers conduct their own
step-by-step safety analysis. Last Minute Safety Check Take a minute to think about the task before starting. What could go wrong?
If it does, what's plan B?
Do I have the knowledge and skills?
Proper tools and emergency equipment
Permits in place? PPE?
Look around. Have things changed?
Is assistance needed?
Is everyone in place? No paperwork needed, just your brain. What is Safe Work? Low risk work meeting one of the following:
No ignition sources present
if ignition sources present then, flammable and combustible material is excluded from the area or the ignition source lacks the energy to ignite materials
Gas testing may be required.
If LO/TO necessary, then a Safe Work Permit is required.
A Work Order + a JSA + Safe Work Permit + any other required permits then serves as an Authorization to Proceed with Work. Hot Work includes operations using, or likely to produce, an ignition source when flammable/combustible materials are present. Some Examples:
Welding
Cutting Torch
Grinding
Open Fires
Generators Use of electrical tools or lights
Cathodic protection work
Use of non-intrinsically-safe tools
Use of extension cords without explosion proof connections Typical Locations: Procession Equipment
Flanges/Connections/Valves
Separators
Headers
Tanks
Hydrocarbon Vents
Sewer Openings
Painting Operations Confined Space Areas Not designed for continuous occupancy
Large enough for persons to enter
Limited or restricted entry/exit Examples:
Heater-treaters
Separators
Boilers
Vaults
Wellhead Cellars
Sumps
Boat/Barge Compartments Typical Hazards Include:
Chemicals or Fumes
Explosive Gases
Low Oxygen
Hydrocarbon, Benzene, H2S
High Noise Levels
Low Light Levels
High Heat Levels
Moving Parts
Improper LO/TO Energy Isolation (Lock-Out/Tag-Out) Separation of systems or equipment from potential release of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other energy that could harm people or facilities.
Examples of when LO/TO is necessary:
Work on electrically powered equipment
Maintenance of machinery
Flow line repairs
Valve replacement
Replacement of process equipment A physical lock must be applied to equipment or systems that are capable of having a lock applied.
Identifying tags with warning labels must accompany the locking device.
If locks can not be used, tag out device must be attached to the isolation device and substantial enough to prevent inadvertent or accidental removal. Tag-Out isolation tags may only be used if:
The machinery, equipment, or system is not configured to accept a physical locking device
And the tag-out process provides effective protection from inadvertent energizing of equipment

Tag-Out system enhancements:
Removal of a circuit element or component
Blocking access to system controls
Opening additional disconnecting devices or series
Removal of actuator handle Additional Requirements may
include:
Atmospheric Testing
Hot Work Permit
LO/TO Permit Why are
obtaining
permits
important? How many on-the-job, accident related
stories have you heard? Permits are used
to prevent accidents
and incidents such
as personal injury,
fire, or damage. Injured Persons Families Loss of Life Damaged Equipment and Repair Costs Loss of Product, Waste Generation, and Environmental Fines Lost Work Hours Legal, Worker's Compensation, and Medical Costs The Individual Everyone
Sees in the Mirror General Work Permit Work Order
+
JSA Safe Work Permit Hot Work Permit
Full transcript