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gp presentation-global poverty
Transcript of gp presentation-global poverty
Services that people depend on, such as sewage systemS and healthcare clinics, are compromised. This is particularly harmful for the poor, who are more vulnerable and more reliant on government services and public systems to satisfy their most basic needs.
A 2004 report found that 20 percent of teachers in rural western Kenyan primary schools could not be found during school hours, while in Uganda, teacher absentee rate is 27 percent. Education system is partially paralyzed due to the indecent wages paid to teachers as a result of the corrupt political system. GP PRESENTATION BY ANQI & XIAOCHI IS THE ELIMINATION OF GLOBAL POVERTY A REALISTIC AIM? INTRODUCTION definition of poverty: absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education.
Now, the World Bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than US$1.25 (PPP) per day, and moderate poverty as less than $2 or $5 a day. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION thesis statement: though poverty can be alleviated by various means through global collaboration, the elimination of poverty remains an unrealistic aim as political instability, mismanagement of government funds and entrenched discrimination greatly hinder the effectiveness of such poverty reduction efforts. ARGUMENT FOR ALLEVIATION how and why is poverty a global issue: the World Bank estimated 1.29 billion people were living in absolute poverty in 2008. Of these, about 400 million people in absolute poverty lived in India and 173 million people in China. In terms of percentage of regional populations, sub-Saharan Africa at 47% had the highest incidence rate of absolute poverty in 2008. Between 1990 and 2010, about 663 million people moved above the absolute poverty level. Still, extreme poverty is a global challenge; it is observed in all parts of the world, including the developed economies.
Poverty reduction is a major goal and issue for many international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank. Various poverty reduction strategies are employed to make more of the basic human needs available and increase the disposable income needed to purchase those needs. topic sentence: global poverty can be reduced by making structural adjustment in the destituted countries through the efforts of international institutions and foreign aid.
Areas of change:
1) promoting economic growth,
2) highlighting education and skill building,
3) providing healthcare services
These measures improves the living conditions of the poor and enable them to create wealth for themselves, i.e. to gain upward social mobility to break out of the vicious poverty cycle.
The US Federal Government through the Office of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is collaborating with some stakeholders on implementation of some MDG programs and projects at states and local government councils, such as Nigeria. Several targets of the Millennium Development Goals have been met ahead of the target date of 2015 and significant gains have been achieved in poverty alleviation. ARGUMENT AGAINST ELIMINATION topic sentence: global poverty is almost impossible to eradicate as political instability in some countries compromises the government's priority to improve the standard of living of the people.
Nations experiencing civil war will experience stunted economic growth rate. For example, from 1990 to 1993, the period encompassing Desert Storm, per capita GDP in Iraq fell from $3500 to $761. Broader damages also include loss of infrastructure and social services, such as health care and access to clean water. 1) Population living under "extreme poverty" had been halved in 2012.
2) The number of out-of-school primary school children has been reduced to 60 million in 2012, from 108 million in 1990.
3) Girls had reached parity with boys in primary school education.
4) Child deaths fell by nearly half between 1990 and 2011, from 12 million to 6.9 million.
5) New HIV infections were 21% lower in 2010 than at their peak in 1997, and 2.5 million deaths have been averted in developing countries since 1995 because of anti-retroviral drugs.
6) Open, rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory trading and financial systems had been set up in many developing countries. ARGUMENT AGAINST ELIMINATION Furthermore, civil war diverts scarce resources from fighting poverty to maintaining a military.
This is evident in the cases of Ethiopia and Eritrea. The most recent conflict over borders between the two countries erupted into war during 1999 and 2000, a period when both countries faced food shortages due to droughts. ARGUMENT AGAINST ELIMINATION ARGUMENT FOR ALLEVIATION ARGUMENT AGAINST ELIMINATION topic sentence: the elimination of global poverty is an unattainable goal due to the deep-seated discrimination towards certain groups of people.
racial discrimination in the US: the relationship between discrimination and poverty is overwhelmingly evident in developed as well as in developing countries. As the UN Committee on Racial Discrimination has recognized, in the US, “racial, ethnic, and national minorities, especially Latino and African American persons, are disproportionately concentrated in poor residential areas characterized by sub-standard housing conditions, limited employment opportunities, inadequate access to health care facilities, under-resourced schools, and high exposure to crime and violence.” The US Census reported that in 2009, 25 percent of black people and people of Hispanic origin live below poverty level, compared to 14 percent of people of all races. ARGUMENT AGAINST ELIMINATION e.g.
gender discrimination in Asia-Pacific regions: one recent UN study showed that limits on women's economic participation cost the Asia-Pacific region nearly USD 90 billion a year in lost productivity.
"Women make up half the world's population and yet represent a staggering 70% of the world's poor. We live in a world in which women living in poverty face gross inequalities and injustice from birth to death. From poor education to poor nutrition to vulnerable and low pay employment, the sequence of discrimination that a woman may suffer during her entire life is unacceptable but all too common." The Global Poverty Project. video on global poverty CONCLUSION International aid could be misappropriated by officials and do not reach the people or fulfill proposed projects.
In documents obtained by The Daily Telegraph, £1.2 million given to Sierra Leone by the Department for International Development was stolen by the country’s ministers and spent on plasma television sets, hunting rifles and other consumer items. This partly contributes to the situation in Sierra Leone where 70% of the population living under the poverty line.
Bribery demanded by officials diverts whatever little resources people have away from education or perhaps even food.
A typical poor family in Mexico spend, on average, one-third of their income on bribes. reiteration: although poverty reduction strategies are employed by many countries and various organizations to alleviate poverty through international co-operation, the eradication of global poverty largely stays an unachievable aim as factors including including political instability, corruption and bureaucracy and deep-rooted discrimination may perpetuate poverty in a lost of regions.
prediction: poverty can also be viewed as a relative concept. As long as there is presence of inequality, people who live on lower incomes and are struggle to cope with rising cost of living will still be worse off in the society. Thus, poverty exists in both developed and developing economies. CONCLUSION recommendation: to further mitigate the problem of poverty, countries must target the widening disparity between different interest groups. Upon improving inequality, the issue of poverty can be properly addressed.
Individuals in first-world countries should raise awareness on global poverty so as not to alienate themselves from those struggling in the third-world.
Especially in a highly globalized world today, all countries are virtually inter-connected, therefore, poverty is a global challenge that can only be resolved through concerted efforts. Developed countries with abundant resources should take on the role to help better the conditions in underdeveloped countries. On the other hand, beneficiary countries should also strive to pull themselves out of plight through their own initiatives and avoid reliance on the donor countries. THE END
ANY QUESTION?? ARGUMENT AGAINST ELIMINATION