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History of the USA

source: http://photos.state.gov/libraries/iran/19452/pdfs/learner_english.pdf

Paul Grief

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of History of the USA

Prehistoric Era Early History Modern History History of the USA Lost History History "There is no doubt that the United States now feels that they are the only superpower in the world and they can do what they like" Non-American History Created in the United States of Bubbles,
Vicepresidents: Jakub Mišinger&Jakub Jelínek

Like it or not. It had to be done. first inhabitants were from Asia [crossed the land bridge]
tribes called for ex. Hohokam, Adenans, etc.
evolved into so called Na[t]ive Americans Ice Age The Norsemen probably first visitors from the old continent
Eric the Red estabilished the first settlement around 985 AD Start of Colonisation C. Columbus
1497 – John Cabot – England – eastern Canada
Spain – looking for gold people started to immigrate from Europe Colonial Era Revolution Road to Independence Civil War and Post-War Forming of National Goverment
Discontent and Reform corrupted government → rise of Progressivism
Theodore Roosevelt
Woodrow Wilson - taxes on important goods were lowered/eliminated
immigrants coming (Russia, Italy, Poland, Greece) WWI, The Prosperity & The Great Depression womens suffrage
1929 - collapsing stock market
Wilsons 14 point peace plan - League of Nations (unable to persuade U.S. Senate)
racial tension, labour unrest, fear of spreading communism (1917 revolution in Russia) → “Red Scare” The New Deal and
... Roosevelt - believe of democration failing cause of labour insecurity
insuring accounts, restrictions in stock marketing, forming unions of workers (protecting their rights)
did not solve economic problems World War II at first the politic of Isolationism
Congress - vote to draft soldiers
none oil to "Japs" & demand to leave conquered territories
attacked at Pearl Harbour
fighting in the Pacific (Guadalcanal → Peleliu → Iwo Jima)
massive casualties - atomic bomb (Nagasaki, Hiroshima) The Cold War, Korean Conflict & Vietnam the period of disagreement about the upcoming political situation in Europe between the USA and the Soviet Union
1952 - Marshall plan - restoring Western Europe (13.3 billion dollars)
Eatern and CCCP - refused
North Korea invading South
1960s USA helped to South Vietnam against communist North → withdrawal in 1973
people divided - (discontent x patriots + anticommunist) → no wars for long time Cultural Change 1950-1980 1954 - Supreme Court decision of integration black/white schools
Lyndon Johnson - supporter of rev. Martin Luther King
1960s to 1970s change of laws - women completely equal to men
native americans won back their tribal lands and water rights
students protesting against Vietnam War
hippie culture, concerned about pollution → The first Earth Day 1970 End of ... the 20th century conservatives - limited government
Ronald Reagan → Bill Clinton (more liberal) - Affair problem
George W. Bush elected (defeated Al Gore)
9/11 2001
troops into Afghanistan and Iraq → growing discontent
elected Barack Obama - first African American
interdependent, interconnected world
National Healthcare
trying to solve economic crisis → people expect that in 4 years he can do magic
republican counter candidate Mitt Romney (tried to open a window while travelling by the plane) "We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except, of course, language." "America is a mistake, admittedly a gigantic mistake, but a mistake nevertheless." immigrants – GB, Netherland, France, Sweden, Germany (1690 – 250 000 imm. → 1790 – 2,5 milion imm.)
political & religious reasons, wars in Europe
black africans – slaves

New England – New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut
Middle colonies – NY, NJ, Pennsylvania, Delaware
Southern colonies –Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, North & South Carolina

natives (indians) forced to move
liberalism and democracy
growing population and economics
asked by Britain to help in wars with France

Currency Act - illegal to print paper money in colonies
The Quartering Act - forced colonist to provide food and housing to soldiers
The Stamp Act - taxed all legal papers, newspapers, licenses
Boston Tea Party

1775 - small fight between colonists and British army
Lexington - Minumetmen X British army
Philadelphia - Second CC
G: Washington - commander-in-chief
american colonies were in rebellion
Declaration of Independence
document that outlined the complains of colonies against king
July 4, 1776 - Independence day
British army taking control over NY and Phily
April 15, 1783 - Paris - United States recognized as an independent nation
1783 - 13 colonies = USA
each state - own army, money, navy
Constitution + amendments to the Constitution - eg. freedom of speech, press, religion, right to protest, meet peacefully and demand changes...
government - Congress, president, and court system
G. Washington - first president
Treasury, War, and Justice department
political parties - Republicans X Federalists
differences between states south X north
Lincoln - president - supported north -Union
South - claimed the right to leave US - ConfederacyNorth - better war supplies, roads, railway system South - experienced military and leaders - Gen. Lee North - to stop slavery - finally won
South surrendered
president Lincoln - killed in a theatre
A. Johnson - new president - Southerner
gave pardon to many Southerners
Congress strongly supported rights of afro-americans
in the South - still racism and fear
Growth and Transformation growing cities, factories, steel mills, railroads
immigrants arriving
age of invention - A.G.Bell - telephone, T.A.Edison - light bulb
still farming - new technologies - machines mining - ore, gold
'Wild West' cowboys
tribes - moved to reservations
Full transcript