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Vital Signs - Intro - Day 1

Basic Clinical

Engers Fernandez

on 23 June 2015

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Transcript of Vital Signs - Intro - Day 1

Basic Clinical
Dr. Engers Fernandez - Prof. Michaud
measurements of the body's most basic functions, are useful in detecting or monitoring medical problems.
Body Temperature
Pulse Rate
Respiration Rate
Blood Pressure
main vital signs
Body Temperature
Normal body temperature can range from 97.8° F (or Fahrenheit, equivalent to 36.5° C, or Celsius) to 99° F (37.2° C) for a healthy adult.

tend to be 0.5 to 0.7° F higher than when taken by mouth.

tend to be 0.3 to 0.4° F lower than those temperatures taken by mouth.

by ear
which reflects the body's core temperature (the temperature of the internal organs).

by skin
A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the skin on the forehead.
Pulse Rate
pulse rate is a measurement of the heart rate, or the number of times the heart beats per minute. Taking a pulse not only measures the heart rate, but also can indicate the following:

-heart rhythm
-strength of the pulse
60 to 100 beats per minute
Athletes can so stain 40 p/p
Respiration Rate
respiration rate is the number of breaths a person takes per minute.
Normal respiration rates for an adult person at rest range from 15 to 20 breaths per minute.
Blood Pressure
the pressure of the blood in the circulatory system, often measured for diagnosis since it is closely related to the force and rate of the heartbeat and the diameter and elasticity of the arterial walls.
a gesture or action used to convey information or instructions.
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