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Copyright essentials

for student assignments
by

Nicky Williams

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of Copyright essentials

Copyright essentials for student assignments
Why does copyright matter?

Copyright exists from the moment a work is created in a fixed, tangible form of expression. The copyright immediately becomes the property of the creator of the work. So in this photo of David, one of our subject librarians, the photographer owns the copyright of the photo and the tattoo artist owns the copyright of the tattoos.

As a student you will own copyright of the original works that you produce, whether it be written work, music or creative works of art, unless it has been otherwise agreed with the university.

Anyone who wants to use your work would have to get your permission and may have to pay you.




How is all this relevant to me?


Fair dealing is a legal term used to establish whether copyright has been infringed. It requires that the amount copied is reasonable and appropriate to the context and that the copying does not adversely affect sales of the work.

Generally accepted rules mean that you can safely scan, photocopy or print
1 chapter from a book/ebook
1 article from an issue of a journal
5% of extracts from a book or journal issue

You can use photos, recorded music and video as long as they are
there to illustrate a point
not for commercial purposes
fair dealing in terms of quantity copied
referenced correctly

For example you could use
a photo of a painting to illustrate artistic expression of a landscape in 18th century painting
two extracts of recorded music to compare expression in playing styles
a video extract to show a particular pass in a game of football
enough of a quotation from a political speech transcript to start a discussion about economics in the 20th century


Going public with blogging and webpages
What is fair dealing?
Using artwork, film and music in your assignments
Further info
JISC Copyright guide for university students
http://tinyurl.com/kxccrd2
Keeping your thesis legal - advice for research students
http://tinyurl.com/qgrsxps
Details of the exceptions to copyright that allow limited use of copyright works without the permission of the copyright owner.
https://www.gov.uk/exceptions-to-copyright


If you have spent many hours and used your skills to create a piece of work it would be very unfair for someone else to use it without your permission. Copyright protects you from this. You must also be aware of other people's copyright.
Reusing your work after university
The education exceptions for non-commercial research and private study that you can use at university will no longer apply when you are in the workplace.

If you limit what you include in your assignments to your own work or to open licensed materials you will have more freedom to reuse it in the future for other purposes, such as showing a portfolio of your work to potential employers.

Keep your work legal by
Using music, photos and video which have a Creative Commons licence that permits commercial use
Linking out to the material if you don't have permission to copy and embed it.
Recording and using your own material

How can I copy at all when copyright infringement is against the law?
You can get permission from the copyright holder or use one of the
exceptions
to copyright that allow limited use of copyright works without the permission of the copyright owner.

While you are at university you can use the education and teaching exceptions to copy limited extracts of copyright works for non-commercial research or private study. Such use is only permitted when it is ‘
fair dealing
’'.


No copyright rules have been broken in the making of this presentation. We have used attribution free stock images from morgueFile and Pixabay or obtained permission from the copyright holder.


YouTube star Michelle Phan sued over copyright breach
http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-28418449

Lucas loses Star Wars copyright case at Supreme Court
http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-12910683

Eminem's music publishers sue Facebook for copyright infringement over song used in advert
http://tinyurl.com/lhmnvv5


Copyright in the visual arts : Art Rogers vs. Jeff Koons
http://tinyurl.com/omd6czn
Five famous copyright ........
http://99designs.com/designer-blog/2013/04/19/5-famous-copyright-infringement-cases/





https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/375951/Education_and_Teaching.pdf
The rules are different, as you are working in the public domain you can no longer use the exceptions for educational use, even though your work may be for an assignment.

Instead you can make use of the

exception to copyright that permits people to use limited amounts of copyright material without the owner’s permission for the purpose of
criticism, review or quotation
There is also an exception for
parody, caricature or pastiche
.

You can use these exceptions as long as

the original is already in the public domain
fair dealing is upheld
the amount quoted is only as much as is needed for the purposes of the review or criticism
the original is acknowledged / referenced
A student's website where the images that she uses are her own work.
CopyrightUser.org is an online resource aimed at making UK copyright law accessible to creators, media professionals, entrepreneurs, students, and members of the public. http://copyrightuser.org/
Blurred Lines jury awards Marvin Gaye family $7m
http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-31825059
CILIP/Libraries and Archives Copyright Alliance 2015
http://www.cilip.org.uk/cilip/advocacy-campaigns-awards/advocacy-campaigns/copyright/briefings-resources/copyright-poster
Full transcript