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The Executive Branch
Transcript of The Executive Branch
What is the Executive Branch?
...Let's look at Article 2 of the constitution
Vice President and The Cabinet
It is the branch of the U.S. Government that is responsible for carrying out laws.
The Executive branch is structured like this:
Barack Hussein Obama
CA Standard 12.4.4
by Mr. Ponce
Joseph R. Biden
Why do we have a President?
Article. II. Section. 1.
"The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America."
After the leaders of the revolution declared independence in 1776, they spent years trying to figure out how the country would be ruled.
By the time the Constitutional Convention convened in Philadelphia in 1787, every detail was up for grabs.
Would there be one chief executive or more than one?
What kinds of powers would he have?
And perhaps most difficult of all, how would he be chosen?
After much debate
and failure to rule the country through separate state committees
, it was decided that there should be a strong national government with a leader on top.
"Things were not really efficient without an executive that has a certain amount of power," said James Pfiffner, a political scientist at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia. "Psychologically," he added, "people like to have leaders to look up to." (Source: http://news.discovery.com/history/us-history/president-history-121101.htm)
Also, remember the failure of the Articles of Confederation???
Why else? Because the constitution says so!
Right in the very first sentence:
A little history...
So you want to be the president? Let's see if you meet the
Requirements for Presidency
Article 2. Section 1 (cont.)
"No Person except a
natural born Citizen,
or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the
thirty five Years
, and been
fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
Must be born a citizen of the U.S.
Must be at least 35
Must be a resident for at least 14 yrs.
The President's Job Description
The President's Roles (8)
Chief of State
Commander in Chief
Chief of Party
Chief of State
The ceremonial head of government
Vested by the Constitution with "the executive Power"
The director of the executive branch of the Fed Govt.
Main architect of American foreign policy and voice of the nation.
Commander in Chief
The head of the military
Main architect of public policy.
Chief of Party
Leader of the political party that controls the Executive.
"The representative of all of the people"
Think "symbol of the nation"
Has the power to execute laws and authority
Think of the manager at an office.
Our representative to the rest of the world.
All military men, women, and arsenal are subject to the President's direct and immediate control.
President initiates, suggests, requests, insists, and demands that Congress enact much of its major legislation.
Think morals, duties, behavior, etc.
Length of Term, Election, and Removal
Length of Term
Article 2, Section 1, Clause 1 - "He shall hold his Office during the Term of
Four years = 1 term
2 terms max
The president is
not elected by a popular vote, but rather he/she is
elected by the electoral college.
This system seems to work well, however, the electoral college has
3 major flaws.
Winner of popular vote not guaranteed presidency.
Electors are not required to vote in accord with popular vote.
Any election might have to be decided by the House of Rep.
Removal (aka Impeachment)
Article 2, Section. 4.
"The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
Reasons for Impeachment:
The constitution outlines the
Article 1, Section 2 and Section 3
Oath of Office and Executive Powers
The oath of office
The oath of office captures the essence of the president's executive power.
Article 2, Section 1, Clause 8
- "Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability,
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution
of the United States."
- a directive, rule, or regulation that has the effect of law.
Power of Appointment
- ambassadors, diplomats, cabinet members, aides, heads of agencies, all federal judges, U.S. marshals, attorneys, and all officers in the armed forces.
Power of Removal
- almost every appointment mentioned above (except judges)
Power to make treaties
- between two or more sovereign states.
- pact between prez and head of foreign state.
Power of Recognition
- acknowledging legal existence of a country and its government.
- bills passed by both houses of congress.
Vice President is the second-highest executive official
in rank of the government.
As first in the U.S. presidential line of succession, the Vice President becomes President upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President, which has happened nine times in U.S. history.
Under the Constitution,
the Vice President is President of the Senate.
By virtue of this role, he or she is the head of the Senate. In that capacity, the Vice President is
allowed to vote in the Senate, but only when necessary to break a tie vote.
The Vice President
The day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws is in the hands of the various federal executive departments, created by Congress to deal with specific areas of national and international affairs.
The Secretary of State
The Secretary of the Treasury
The Secretary of Defense
The Attorney General (Justice Department)
The Secretary of the Interior
The Secretary of Agriculture
The Secretary of Commerce
The Secretary of Labor
The Secretary of Health and Human Services
The Secretary of Homeland Security
The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
The Secretary of Transportation
The Secretary of Education
The Secretary of Energy
The Secretary of Veterans' Affairs
There are 15 cabinet positions
There are multiple federal agencies (e.g. CIA, EPA, USPS, and NASA)