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General Psychology | Anti-Social Personality Disorder

Final Draft

Caitlin Bonds

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of General Psychology | Anti-Social Personality Disorder

The Makings of a Sociopath Anti-Social Personality Disorder: What is ASPD? A mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting, or violating the rights of others. The History of... Also known as:
Psychopathic Personality Disorder
Sociopathic Personality Disorder Symptoms Often, although not always, leads this person into criminal behavior. Can be difficult to properly treat! Originally all "psychopathic" type personalities were lumped together as disorders of moral insanity. Hervey M. Cleckley wrote his magnum opus called The Mask of Sanity: An Attempt to Clarify Some Issues about the So-Called Psychopatic Personality Act witty & charming
Good at flattery & manipulating other's emotions
Law breaking repeat offenders
Pathological liars; "con men"
Mood swings--especially aggressive
Have angry or arrogant personality types
Have problems with substance abuse
Irresponsible; don't hold true to their words
Care little about own safety; less about others
Show little guilt or remorse
Violent No specific test to take that can 100% diagnose the condition
Series of psych evaluations that assess the history & severity of symptoms
Genetic Background/History
Drug Abuse/Alcoholic
Destructive Behavior
Violent Childhood
Cruelty To Animals Diagnosis Late teens to early 20s
No particular age group
Can be diagnosed your entire life Typical Age Group Treatment Difficult to treat because people with this condition rarely seek treatment on their own
Court Appointed Therapy after multiple offenses
Behavioral Treatments: Rewards for appropriate behavior and negative consequences for inappropriate behavior
Talk Therapy: Freud's Couch Approach
May be treated for multiple disorders such as for mood/substance abuse Society & ASPD Can be confused with other borderline personality disorders, but isn't always correct with all characteristics Society & ASPD (continued) Encouraged by society
successful politicians and businessmen Further Readings... The End Questions & Comments Erica
Caitlin His central thesis was that the "psychopath" exhibits normal functioning according to standard psychiatric criteria, yet privately engages in destructive behavior Causes The direct cause is unknown but there are theories about what is believed to contribute to the development of the condition Genetic Factors
Alcoholic/Substance Abuse
Environmental Factors
Child Abuse
Common Among Those In Prison
Men More Than Women Statistic Mr. Burns
Increase his own wealth/power
Lack of concern for the safety & well-being of his employees Bad Boys, Bad Men: Confronting Antisocial Personality Disorder by Daniel W. Black
Antisocial Personality Disorder: A Practitioner's Guide to Comparative Treatments by Frederick Rotgers
Personality and Dangerousness: Genealogies of Antisocial Personality Disorder by David McCallum
Before It's Too Late - Why Some Kids Get into Trouble--And What Parents Can Do About It by Stanton E. Samenow Personality Everyone has a personality with character traits:
lazy, proud, independent, stingy, generous, etc.

These traits begin being formed in early childhood into adolescence, and are completed by early adult lasting your lifetime When these traits are rigid and self-defeating, they may interfere with functioning and even lead to psychiatric symptoms. American Psychiatric Association
Diagnostic Criteria (A) An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture. This pattern is manifested in two (or more) of the following areas:
- cognition (i.e., ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people, and events)
- affectivity (i.e., the range, intensity, lability, and appropriateness of emotional response)
- interpersonal functioning
- impulse control (B) The enduring pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations. American Psychiatric Association
Diagnostic Criteria (cont.) (C) The enduring pattern leads to clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

(D) The pattern is stable and of long duration and its onset can be traced back at least to adolescence or early adulthood.

(E) The enduring pattern is not better accounted for as a manifestation or consequence of another mental disorder.

(F) The enduring pattern is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance abuse or a general medical condition. ASPD Diagnostic Criteria A. There is a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 15 years, as indicated by three (or more) of the following:
(1) Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors
(2) Deceitfulness, by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure
(3) Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
(4) Irritability/aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical altercations
(5) Reckless disregard for safety of self or others
(6) Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations
(7) lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another ASPD Diagnostic Criteria (B) The individual is at least age 18 years
-mid development

(C) There is evidence of Conduct Disorder with onset before age 15 years:
-Aggression to people and animals
-Destruction of property
-Deceitfulness or theft
-Serious violations of rules

(D) The occurrence of antisocial behavior is not exclusively during the course of Schizophrenia or a Manic Episode ASPD in Movies Case 39
Raising Jeffrey Dahmer
Public Enemies
Cocaine Cowboys
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