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Modal & Related Verbs

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D. C.

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Modal & Related Verbs

Modal & Related Verbs 1. Can
2. Be allowed to

We use these modals to express permission. Can is more informal than be allowed to.
1. Should
2. Ought to
3. Must

We use these modals to express mild obligation, suggestion and advice. Offer 1. Will
2. Shall

We use these modals intention,
decision and offer. Request 1. Can
2. Could
3. Will
4. Would

These modals for making different types of requests in English.

Each Modal Verb has at
least two meanings:

1. Must

a) Obligation
"I must post this letter."
b) Probability
"You must be tired."

Modal Verbs Permission Meaning They are used before other verbs to add a certain meaning, such as certainty, possibility, obligation, ability and permission. 2. Could

a) Request
"Could you help me?"
b) Possibility
"We could go to Spain for our holiday. Can
Ought to
Modal verbs only exist in their helping form; they cannot act alone as the main verb in a sentence. Modal verbs do not use an -s in the third person singular.


1. He must be tired.
2. It might rain.
3. She can ski.
There is also no do-does-don't-doesn't in the question or negative.


1. Can I help you?
2. You mustn't steal. They have no infinitive and
no ing-forms. They don't usually have past forms. Obligation
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