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Ap Lit Summer Project: Allusions
Transcript of Ap Lit Summer Project: Allusions
She begins by introducing the Greek gods and goddesses, lightly hinting at the creation and then as her writing progresses builds upon previously stated myths.
The Grecian creation story is unique in that the gods/goddesses did not come first, but rather were created.
Gods and goddesses, though all possessing some power, did not possess equal authority and ability.
The gods and goddesses each embodied particular aspects of humanity and important factors to humanity (i.e. Ares, the god of war). The Iliad Achilles dragging Hector's body after their battle. The Odyssey, by Homer In this scene Odysseus and his men are stabbing Polyphemus' eye. In this secene Odysseus and his men are escaping the land of the Lotus Eaters. The Aeneid,
by Virgil Inferno (Hell),
by Dante Welcome
to Italy Purgatorio (Purgatory),
by Dante The Hierarchy of those in Purgatory Paradiso (Paradise),
by Dante Later in the novel we see the overwhelming power of gods that even demigods fail to control, as shown through Phaëthon and the Sun's chariot, and Bellerophon with Pegasus, Otus and Ephialtes with kidnapping Artemis, and Icarus with his crafted wings.
These characters also all show the downfall of pride against the gods.
She then proceeds to discuss the tragic Trojan War as described in the Iliad, as well as the vanity of its origin with a golden apple, its theme of pride of Achilles over a woman, and the betrayal of Paris, kidnapper of Helen. The story then leads into the aftermath of the Trojan war as told by Homer's second epic: The Odyssey.
In this story it centers on the wisdom of Odysseus and the effects/ heroism of remaining faithful (or lack of faith) to the gods and one's nation.
The last epic mentioned by Ms. Hamilton describes the adventures of Aeneas, a character differentiated in that his heroism lies mainly with his obedience.
This story allowed the for the tragedy of the widowed and manipulated Dido to commit suicide, while also providing the heartwarming ties of Aeneas to his father, Anchises, and his son Ascanius. She concludes her collection on a rather unexpected note with Norse Mythology.
It is peculiar that many of the goddesses role's are quite unimportant as opposed to Grecian goddesses like Athena and Venus.
Also, though some gods suffered nobly such as Hephaestus, the Norse god Odin trading temporary comfort and eyes for wisdom.
To conclude her story she mentions the Norse creation story involving a serpent, a earth supporting tree, and the death of a father to further gods existence.
Unique to the previous stories the Norse gods seem to hold more serious intentions with less trivial and frivolous actions, though both Norse and Grecian/ Roman myths are doomed to fate. The infamous poet, Homer first begins by invoking the muses for memory of the hero Achilles's rage.
Due to the unholy seizing of the Chrysies, Agamemnon is forced to return his battle "prize" stealing Achilles's prize, Briseis. This inevitably leads to a proud feud between the two.
On the defending side of the battle, Hector encourages his (pathetic) brother Paris to rejoin the battle, and encourages his wife and son before departing. The story then reasserts Achilles's irrational pride denying any gifts or bribery of reconciliation from Agamemnon, causing devastating losses for the Greeks.
Throughout the story the gods continue to play heavier roles in aiding their sides of the battle, such as Athena aiding Menelaus and Apollo aiding Aeneas. However, throughout the story Zeus's favor wavers between both sides.
Achilles soon realized that his rage has cost him his friend, Petroculous's life, and mourns in pursuit of his friend's body. Achilles, newly armored for battle thanks to his mother Thetis, eagerly awaits battle to kill his friend's killer.
Despite the advice of Odysseus and others to eat and rest, Achilles longs for nothing more than battle, gaining the sympathy of Athena (who fills his stomach).
After his mourning, during the feasting Agamemnon offers him Briseis and treasures should he return from battle; yet, Achilles knows this battle will be his last.
Achilles then kills Hector in battle, proceeding to drag and embarass the corpse.
Hector's father, though, with much humility, begs Achilles for the body back, and after holding Petroculous's funeral he returns Hector's body and provides them time to host a proper burial. The second great Homeric poem involves the adventurous journeys of the dreadfully lost Odysseus on his pursuit to return home to Ithaca.
The majority of this poem is told through flashbacks during Odysseus arrival into Phaeacia to King Alcinous.
Upon departing Troy, Odysseus arrives in Ismaros, where his men sack the town and cause its inhabitants to retreat and gain assistance, causing their departure to be speedy.
Their new destination, the Land of the Lotus Eaters, causes Odysseus's men to succumb to the Lotus plant's sleep-induced stupor, and drags them off the island to escape.
The next destination, and likely one of the most widely known from the epic is the island belonging to Polyphemus. Polyphemus, a one-eyed giant traps the men eating a few to satisfy his appetite. However, due to the cunning that surrounds Odysseus, they blind the cyclops and escape under sheep. Though blinding the cyclops proved as a wise decision, once the cyclops discovered Odysseus name, his curse would prove a great hindrance to the astute, yet proud hero.
With Neptune now angered at Odysseus (because you don't mess with Neptune's kid: Polyphemus) he faces many struggles against the sea, and will consistently battle the tides until reaching home.
Finally Odysseus reaches Aeolia island, who's namesake offers him a bag of winds for their journey.
All is going well and just as his ship is in sight distance of Ithica's shore, his crew grows suspicous of the hidden treasures in Odysseus's bag and open it, releasing the winds.
Aeolus frustrated at their idiocy for opening the bags sends them on their way refusing them a new bag. Finally reaching Helio's island, despite the hero's warning to his crew to not consume the sacred cattle, they slaughter them and inevitably fulfill their doomed fate.
Odysseus then happens upon Calypso's island of Ogygia who holds him hostage seven years until being forced to release him under Athena's demand.
Escaping Calypso's island on a raft, Neptune mutilates his raft and nearly destroys his clothes, washing him up on the Phoenician island he is at the time of recollections. Odysseus, already low on his luck, then lands on the Laestrygonians island, where they're all cannibals. After being ravaged by the natives there, only the twelfth ship containing Odysseus escapes.
following a similar note of men are food, once the hero finds a new landing place, his men are turned to pigs on Circe's Aeaea Island.
Due to his suave behavior and Mercury's special herb, Circe's witchcraft fails to entrap him and after staying for an extended period of time, he departs to talk to Tiresius (in the underworld).
The blind prophet informs him that he will make it home, but only he alone.
His next perils are water-centered, solved by placing wax in his men ears to avoid the Siren's call (though he was simply tied to the boat).
Also, he had to choose between the whirlpool of Charybdis, or the six headed Scylla, choosing scylla thanks to Circe's advise. Virgil begins his epic poem in the mythological fashion of calling upon the muses for inspiration.
In the epic tradition, Virgil first asks for recollection of a character's anger (in this case Juno).
The story then begins with Juno's grudge against the Trojans and as a result her bribery to Aeolus to prevent Aeneas's journey at sea.
Luckily, Aeneas's mother, Venus allows him to land in Carthage, and provides him advice. Venus then forces Dido to fall in love with Aeneas, to protect her son.
Dido now infatuated with Aeneas, against her free will, pursues him despite her previous commitment to celibacy after her first marriage.
Juno, in an attempt to halt Aeneas and prosper Carthage proposes a marriage between the two.
When Venus agrees upon the plan, Aeneas and Dido are "united" during a storm.
After their "marriage," Jupiter realizes the delayed fate of Aeneas and sends Mercury to remind him of his fate.
Aeneas, eager to fulfill his destiny, obliges, thinking of his son and legacy and plans to escape.
The queen, greatly distressed by his attempt to leave, then informs him of her misfortune and commits suicide. After some delays, Aeneas at last reaches Italian shores, and firstly builds a temple to Apollo.
Aeneas then encounters the Sibyl, who informs him that she will lead him to Hades' domain.
After locating a golden branch from a tree, Aeneas is then enabled to travel past the gate of Dis.
During his journey in the underworld he encounters several of his companions such as Palinurus waiting for a proper burial and Dido with her deceased husband.
Aeneas encounters Rhadamanthus dolling out punishments, and then reaches the Fields of Gladness.
There he sees his father, Anchises, who informs him of his descendants and future glory.
Sibyl then leads him back to his crew and he travels to his destination with fresh inspiration.
Turnus, angered that Aeneas wooed Dido and imposed himself in Italian land, rallies his armies.
Aeneas then finds companionship in the Arcadians and their king, Evander.
Gaining the support of the Arcadians neighboring countries and even the king's son Pallas, Aeneas prepares for war.
Meanwhile, Venus concerned with her son begs her husband Vulcan to craft some weaponry for him.
Once completed, she gives it to her son in all its magnificent glory, displaying great Roman feats such as Caesar's roles and Romulus and Remus. After some battling, Turnus resolves to duel with Aeneas, but after wounding a Trojan soldier, he changes his mind.
Venus heavily assists her son by providing healing balms and shields, while Juno assists Turnus.
After hearing the suffering of his city, Turnus decides once more upon a duel between Aeneas and himself.
Sensing defeat, Juno relinquishes her anger and asks only that the Romans keep the Latin language.
Ending the battle, Juno sends one of the furies down to weaken Turnus, leaving him vulnerable to Aeneas.
Turnus, tasting his demise, begs favor for his father's sake and though moved, Aeneas quickly stabs him upon seeing Pallas's belt. In this scene Aeneas is carrying his father, Anchises, from Troy. In this scene Aeneas is meeting Dido, the queen of Carthage. In this scene Aeneas is traveling through the Underworld with the aid of the Sibyl. In this scene Aeneas is defeating Turnus. This Scene depicts Romulus and Remus with their wolf-mother as children. In his midlife, Dante becomes lost in a dark forest. Yet, upon seeing light atop a hilltop he attempts to climb.
Dante encounters a she-wold, lion, and leopard; he then flees.
He then encounters Virgil (yes, the same Virgil who wrote The Aeneid), who informs him that the she-wold would be defeated by a great hound and to follow him.
Dante invokes the Muses and Virgil leads him to Hell in order to later show him Purgatory and Paradise.
Despite the warning sign, Dante and Virgil proceed to Ante-Inferno where souls are tormented for their lukewarm decisions (including angels). They then take a ferry over the Acheron river with the aid of Charon.
They enter the first circle of Hell: Limbo: a place where virtuous men were either born before Christ's advent or were never baptized. Virgil himself resides here.
The second circle contains Minos, dolling out punishments.
This circle contains the lustful, such as Helen, constantly stimulated by a storm. It also contains the gluttons who are showered in excrements.
The fourth circle is reserved for those of greed, guarded by Plutus. Here they must constantly push weights.
The fifth circle has the River Styx running through it. The wrathful and depressed dwell here. The wrathful constantly bite each other, the sullen dwell beneath the water's surface withdrawn.
Virgil must the travel to Dis, where active (opposed to passive) sins take into effect and can only enter past the Furies with the aid of an angel. Dante then encounters the Heretics surrounded by flaming walls. Farinata degli Uberti is found here and as punishment can only predict distant things, (such as Dante's exile).
The seventh circle of hell, violence, contains three subdivisions: against one’s neighbor, against oneself, and against God.
Here we learn that the hierarchy follows Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.
Beginning their seventh circle they are threatened by the Minotaur, and slip past to a river of blood, over which Nissus leads them.
In the boiling blood they see Alexander and Dionysius.
the second inner circle is made up those who didn't value their bodies, so they are now shrubbery wounded by Harpies.
The last inner circle in the seventh ring has fire rain down on blasphemers and sodomites, such as Guido Guerra.
The eight circle contains ten pouches.
The first contains panderers and seducers constantly running and being whipped from side to side of the walls, Jason of Mythology is spotted here.
The next pouch contains flatterers trapped in excrement.
The third pouch holds Simoniacs, like Pope Nicholas III, headfirst in a pit with fire lapping their feet.
The fourth pouch contains unholy power users doomed to walk endlessly, only able to look behind. The fifth pouch contains utter darkness, demons, and the monster, Malabranche.
They are escorted by ten demons throughout this pouch, which contains Barterers.
The souls are constantly skewered and one tries to escape Virgil and Dante continue on their journey.
They slide to the sixth pouch containing hypocrites clothed in heavy garments lined in lead.
Due to a collapsed bridge, they exude much effort to reach the seventh circle containing naked souls being chased by serpents and then set fire. Here the men and snakes constantly change shapes. Among these sinners included Vanni Fucci a thief among the pouch of thieves.
The eighth pouch, containing Ulysses and Diomedes, is nothing but a dark valley with the souls as flames for the fraudulent advisers.
The ninth pouch contains skewers of the truth, like Mohammed, where they infinitely walk in a circle being sliced harshly by a demon once every completion on the circle.
The tenth and final pouch beholds the falsifiers: those of metal had dreadful scabs, those of other's gnash at each other, those of counterfeited money always thirst, and those of words constantly bicker.
the ninth circle is the lowest part of hell containing giants, like Nimrod and Antaeus , the latter of whom takes the men to their final stop in Inferno. Now they move towards the realm of traitors.
The first section is against kin aptly named Caina, where they are frozen in ice.
The next realm, titled Antenora, were traitors of political entities who gnaw on each other's heads.
The third round, Ptolomaea, housing traitors of guests, is so severe that it punishes those before their mortal death.
The final realm Judecca, houses the traitors of their benefactors.
Satan stands in the middle of this realm with three distorted faces, one holding Judas (who's headfirst), one Brutus, and one Cassius.
Climbing upon Satan, they escape Hell on the opposite side of the Earth from which they began. The Hierarchy of Inferno Purgatory resumes where Inferno leaves off, leaving Virgil and Dante left to scale Purgatory.
As the duo make their ascent up Purgatory they must first pass through ante-Purgatory.
There they pass through the Indolent and the Late-Repentants.
After passing through the Valley of Rulers, they then sleep, because they can't pass through Purgatory at night.
When they wake they are at the gates of Purgatory, because St. Lucia had carried them. Also, Dante has 7 P's on his forehead, each erased by an angel after he passes through terrace. Beatrice then replaces Virgil, and after being cleansed by the River Eunoe, ascends to Heaven. The first terrace contains the proud who are hunched over by massive weights, a position Dante adopts before entering the next terrace.
The second terrace contains the envious, whose eyelids are permanently shut with iron wire.
Moving up, the third terrace contains the wrathful who are blinded by black smoke, like Marco Lombardo.
The Slothful dwell in the fourth terrace, forever run. Here Dante has a nightmare about a siren.
The next terrace contains the Avaricious and Prodigal, strewn on the ground bound by hand and foot. Mount Purgatory then shakes when the epic poet, Statius, is deemed ready for Heaven.
Forese Donati explains that the sixth terrace is reserved for the gluttons, suffering constant hunger and thirst.
The final terrace contains the Lustful, where they see Arnaut Daniel and are informed that their punishment is walking on fire.
Dante also, does this at the promise that Beatrice will be on the other side.
They must then walk past the 7 terraces, each corresponding with the 7 deadly sins. Approaching Heaven Dante attempts to record all the marvelous sights. Something no poet's done before.
Dante then asks Apollo for his "Loved Laurel" and assistance.
The sunlight is invigorating and Dante stares into the sun.He then begins to hear spheres of music.
Beatrice then describes how God has a specific order and that Dante's being drawn to God.
Dante sees the reflection of many faces in front of him, so Beatrice tells him knowingly they are souls in their true state, and those dwelling here have broken their vows.
Here he meets Piccarda, who teaches him that no matter the place, everyone is content in Paradise. Now in the seventh sphere of Heaven: Saturn, Beatrice can no longer smile at Dante, for God's reflected brilliance would turn him to ashes.
Now turning to Beatrice's eyes he sees thousands of souls climbing down a ladder. Here they can not sing, for if they were to, Dante's eardrum's would explode.
Dante asks a soul why he was chosen to meet him, and he humbly states that he simply wanted to follow God's will. He then warns Dante and his fellow men to stop asking "why?"'s unnecessarily.
St. Peter Damian, the soul he was speaking with then tells him of his time on earth, and how pope's were once selfless, lean men, rather than the plump and proud pope's of his day.
In the Tenth Heaven: the Empyrean, Dante see's many biblical characters of great importance sitting in a Rose.
First sits Mary, with Eve kneeling at her feet. Then sit Rachel and Beatrice, and finally Sarah, Rebecca, Judith, and Ruth. Beneath them sit Hebrew women.
On the left side of the rose sit those who lived before Christ's birth and those on the right, with a few empty seats, sits those who came after Christ's birth.
Opposite of Mary is John the Baptist, and below him are St. Francis, St. Benedict, and Augustine.
Then an entire rank exists for children, because of their innocence.
Dante then discovers that much of God's rationale is too complex for man to conceive.
Dante then looks at Mary and see's Gabriel flaming in front of her.
The roots of the rose then hold Adam, St. Peter, St. John the Evangelist,Moses, Anna, Peter, and Lucia. Bernard begins to pray to Mary praising her selfless actions; he is then joined in by all other dwellers in Heaven.
The virgin Mary approvingly raises them to the light above.
The glory of the light held so much magnificent, that Dante could not put to words it's glory. It is so beautiful that Dante fears to deviate from it.
He then recalls three circles, all different colors; all reflecting and pronouncing the other.
God allows him to understand for a moment, but quickly Dante's memory is lost and he is conscious only of his harmony with God's will. "In the beginning God created the Heavens and the Earth" understates the entire creation of the world and heaven.
He then proceeds to continue to each distinct day.
On Day 1: God created light, and differentiated it from the darkness, calling the light "day" and "night" darkness.
On Day 2:God created an expanse to separate the waters naming it "sky".
On Day 3: God created dry earth, naming it "land" and then produced vegetation.
On Day 4: God created the sun, moon, stars, to to light the Earth, and to control the day and night.
On Day 5: God created all living creatures of the seas and all winged birds, blessing them to prosper and multiply.
On day 6: God created all the animals atop the earth, as well as the first man (Adam) and woman (Eve); doing so, to communicate with, and providing them with control over all the creatures within the earth.
After finding satisfaction with each day, on the seventh day God finished his work, blessed it, and rested.
After the creation of man, God allowed Adam and Eve the rights to do as they pleased as long as they did not touch the forbidden fruit.
However after temptation of knowledge, a serpent convinced Eve of biting into the forbidden fruit.
Eve then offers the fruit to Adam, who complies, knowing the fruits origin.
They immediately realize their nakedness and hide in fear from God; however, as it will show later through the passages as well God is omnipotent, so there is no use of hiding.
God upset, informs them of their wrongdoings and justly punishes them for their disobedience (as well as the serpent).
The women's punishment lie with childbearing pains, and a submissive role.
The man's punishment was to toil on the earth all the days of his life, and that from dust he brought to life and to dust he will return upon death.
The LORD God made them garments from the skins of animals to clothe them, and drove them away from the garden of Eden, placing a cherubim with a sword flaming to guard the tree of life. Now furthered from their original home, Adam and Eve begin their lives after The Fall, and bear Cain and Abel.
Both made offerings to the LORD God, but Cain was selfish in his offering, while Abel was more generous, resulting in God's greater favor of Abel.
Jealous, Cain went to the field with his brother and killed him.
Cain still poses denial to God, but revealing his knowledge of the situation, God punishes him to wander and toil the Earth endlessly.
Offering some solace to Cain, God informs him that should anyone murder him their punishment shall be sevenfold. Later in mankind's history appeared Joseph, the second youngest son of Jacob, who favored him above his brothers. His father even gifted him with a coat of many colors, causing his brother's to become extremely jealous.
Joseph had prophetic dreams, one of which (involving his brother's bowing down to him), caused them much anger.
His brothers then conspired to kill him, but after the persuasion of Reuben, they instead sold him into slavery where he worked his way up to becoming the Potiphar's trusted assistant.
However, Potiphar's lustful wife after being denied by Joseph, proposed that he had raped her, and Joseph was then sent to the prison.
In prison Joseph met the King's cup bearer, and the King's baker. Each both had dream's that they could not decipher and Joseph brought to light their meanings. According to Joseph the cup bearer would be forgiven and brought back to his position; yet the baker would be hung and die.
Their outcomes proved true to the prophecies, but despite Joseph's request to the cup bearer to recall him to the king, the cup bearer forgot and Joesph was trapped for another 2 years.
The Pharaoh then began to have dreams which no one could decipher. Upon hearing this the cup bearer recalled Joseph and the Pharaoh sent out for him.
The dreams involved seven hearty cows feeding in the meadow, then seven ugly, thin cows eating the hearty cows. A similar second dream also, occurred though involving grain.
Joseph then interpreted this dream as seven years of great harvest, only to be followed by seven years of famine. Also, he stated that the dream was repeated to assure the Pharaoh that the dream was of God.
Joseph also, said all this due to God's ability not his.
In order to ensure his kingdom's safety, the Pharaoh assigned Joseph to lead the project and put him in an honorable place second only to the Pharaoh himself.
Once the famine came to pass, everyone across the land came to the Pharaoh for grain (which was stored from the plentiful years). Among these individuals was Joseph's brothers.
Upon their arrival, Joseph (unrecognized) gave them grain and placed their money in their bags. Once they realized this they returned promptly, but after a test by Joseph that they cared for their youngest brother, he revealed his identity and they embraced. As the Earth's creations multiplied, God grieved at the wickedness mankind embraced.
All were to be wiped out, except Noah and his family, for he solely found favor in the sight of the LORD.
God then informed Noah to build an ark, bringing in two of each bird and creature living upon the Earth, as well as a large supply of each food that is eaten.
The LORD God shut them in the boat after they filled in as instructed, and rain fell for 40 days and nights.
The water raised above the highest of mountains, and cleansed the Earth of all preexisting creatures.
After 150 days, the rain stopped, and the water began to recede.
Noah first sent out a Raven who promptly returned. He then sent out a dove who was sent out 3 times. It first returned with nothing, then it returned with an olive leaf. It's last departure it did not return.
Noah then exited the ark, and was promised by the LORD to never curse the ground and offered a rainbow as a sign of his promise. As mankind multiplied, they all maintained the same language.
Yet, this was tarnished once the people of Shinar became too proud and attempted to build a tower to Heaven.
As a result, the LORD humbled them, scattering them across the Earth in differentiated languages. Job, a faithful man of God is tested in the book of Job.
Job then endures many burdens, where his friends, and even wife tell him to blame God; yet, he firmly refuses.
His trials are all done by Satan, seeking to disprove God, but even his fiercest attempts can not force Job to deny the LORD.
Job loses virtually everything, except his life. He loses his family, his health, and his livelihood.
His friends even go so far as to blame his misfortunes on his sins.
God then informs Job that believers do not always know what's going on in their life. He also blesses him with twice of what he had before. In the book of Jonah, God seeks to restore Nineveh from its wickedness by having his prophet Jonah speak to them.
God tells Jonah to go to Nineveh, but Jonah, afraid, boards a boat to Tarshish.
Once a violent storm ensues, however, Jonah informs them that it is due to his disobedience to God. As a result the men throw him overboard, where he is swallowed by an enormous fish.
Jonah remained in the fish's stomach for three days, until he was released by the great fish.
Jonah then went in obedience to Nineveh, where the sinful city repented, and Jonah learned that God was a compassionate God (in that He wanted to save the city) and a determined God as well. Solomon begins the book by reflecting his life. He recalls the shallowness his wealth brings, but the satisfaction God brings to life.
Solomon treated his life's fulfillment as an experiment by surrounding himself with jesters, beautiful women, and other fleshly desires.
He referred to it as "chasing the wind" where, you can feel it, but can't grasp it and hold it. He then reasserts that only God will remain a certain foundation in one's life, especially after death.
He then states that there is only one way to know your path in life is, and that is by following God's guidance.
Solomon asserts that the greatest attribute one can posses is wisdom, a gift of God. He also states that life prizes too highly the distortions of God's image by placing higher concern over things like beauty and wealthy.
Solomon ends his book of wisdom by addressing two types of people. The first type, those lacking direction, he advises to fear God and closely follow the Commandments. The second type, those who perceive life as unfair, he told to allow God to have the final judgement. The Psalms are consisted of prayers and praises.
Psalms 8 rejoices in the LORD God's holy and merciful will. It also thanks the LORD for his gracious attitudes humanity, that despite our wretched ways, he still crowns us with many glories.
Psalms 19 discusses how God's in every aspect of his creation, as well as that the law and judgement of God is just and perfect.
Psalms 37 soothes one's worries concerning seemingly unfair judgement. Furthermore, one should commit and rejoice in God, and he will give them righteousness and the desires of the heart. furthermore, he asserts that the wicked will reach their judgment soon enough, and that even the little a righteous man has, is far greater than the abundance a wicked man owns. He ends this psalm stating that only salvation comes from the LORD and that through God, the wicked find refuge in repentance.
Psalms 104 praises the LORD for all his fruitful creations from the sap of a tree to the wisdom of the Earth. In Isaiah, Isiah encourages the reader to "awake" and find strength in God.
This passage serves to prophesied Christ's coming, centuries later.
It discusses a servant, despised and rejected, fated to bear other's sins. After this servant has completed his mission he will be crowned and honored by God. In the days of Mary's pregnancy Caesar Augustus issued a census, which required everyone to return to their home city.
As a result of this decree, Mary and Joseph departed to Bethlehem, where his lineage of David was from.
Due to this Mary, the mother of Christ Jesus, is forced to give birth in a manager, because there were no guest rooms available.
Then the LORD God sent an angel to the nearby shepherds, informing them of Christ's birth. Upon seeing him, they began to spread the good news of the child's birth.
Eight days later Mary circumcised and named the baby Jesus, the name given to him by God before he was conceived.
Following the purification rites of Moses, they took Jesus to Jerusalem, and offered the sacrifice of two young doves/pigeons.
There they meet Simeon, a devout and righteous man, promised to see Christ before his death.
Simeon then thanked God and rejoiced, reminding Mary and Joseph of their blessing.
Anna the prophetess also, rejoiced and gave thanks to the LORD God.
They went to Jerusalem every year, and when Jesus was 12 he lingered in the temple, his parents were very concerned about his whereabouts, but he calmly told them he was in his father's house. During Matthew 5-7, Jesus is speaking The Sermon on the Mount.
He begins with the Beatitudes. They go on to say that those who are poor in spirit, mourn, are meek, are hungry for righteousness, are merciful, are pure in heart, are peacemakers, and are the persecuted, will find their reward in God and the Kingdom of Heaven.
He then tells them that they are the salt of the Earth, and not to lose their flavor or be trampled beneath one's feet.
He goes on to remind them that they are lights to the world and that they should proudly illuminate the world with their good works.
He reminds his audience that he has not come to abolish the law, but to fulfill the law and prophecies of his ancestors.
He also, reminds his audience that any form of persecution to their neighbor is open to judgement, be it physical or verbal.
Any oath beyond "yes" or "no" is not of God.
He also asserts, that one should not give an eye for an eye, but rather turn the other cheek after being struck. Jesus went on to show that one should give to the poor, and when one forgives the other, God will also, forgive them.
His teachings included the following:
Fasting should be something done between said person and God, and not something to bring attention to oneself.
One can only serve one master, and where you build up your treasure (be it Heaven, or Earthly) , is where your heart lies.
It is only God's job to judge other's.
Ask and God will provide an answer, seek and God will provide a path.
Wide and popular is the path that leads to destruction, but slim and abandoned is the path that leads to life.
By their fruits one can recognize false prophets. Furthermore false disciples, who never truly knew the LORD God, will not be recognized by Him.
Jesus concludes that if one builds their knowledge on wisdom, that they will not waver in their beliefs. Jesus often spoke in parables. Three of which centers on the joy God finds when his children repent.
The first parable, the parable of the lost sheep, describes a shepherds rejoicing after finding one lost sheep, leaving the other 99 in the wilderness in his pursuit.
The next parable, the parable of the lost coin, describes a woman, who having lost one silver coin out of ten, scours the house eagerly and upon finding it rejoices with her family and friends.
The last parable, the Prodigal's Son, describes a man with two son. The younger son demanded his half of his inheritance and left. However, after only a few days he had wasted his fortune. He was desperate enough to fill his stomach that if the chance provided itself, he would eat with the swine.
He went back to his father in shame and apologized for all his foolery, hoping to become a servant. Yet, his father instead rejoiced, bringing his his best robes, slaughtering the best cattle and much more.
His eldest brother was became unhappy about the situation, stating that he had never been gifted in such a way, but his father told him to rejoice; His brother who was dead is now alive. Jesus knew that his final days were nearing and during his visit at Simon the leper's home, a woman with an alabaster box poured expensive perfume on his head(much to the confusion of his 12 disciples) for his funeral.
Briefly after this one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, began his betrayal of Jesus to the chief priests for 30 pieces of silver.
They then gathered for the Passover feast and Jesus told his disciples to take and eat the bread, for it is his body. He then said, take and drink the wine for that is my blood of the new testament.
He went on to warn the men that one of them would betray him, causing them to ask "is it I?".
Peter then informed the LORD that he would never be ashamed of him, But Jesus informed him that he would deny him thrice before the cock crowed.
Jesus then went to the Garden of Gethsemane, to pray to his father God about the upcoming events.
After his prayers he was encountered by Judas who kissed him on the cheek, signaling the chief priests who to arrest.
After Peter chopped off one man's ear, Jesus healed it and told them not to act in violence. He was then brought before before a judge who couldn't hold charges against him until he claimed that he would destroy and then rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem in 3 days.
Meanwhile men were asking the disciples if they knew Jesus, and they all denied him, even Peter 3 times before the crow of the bird (causing Peter to weep bitterly). The chief priests and elders bound Jesus and presented him to Pontius Pilate.
Judas ashamed, repented and tried to give back his silver, but after being denied he hung himself.
Despite all the accusations Jesus said not a word, to his accusers.
There was a rule in place at the time where the crowd could release one prisoner, and their choice lay between Jesus of Nazareth and Barabbas. This caused even more excitement in the crowd to release Barabbas and crucify Jesus.
As a result of his wives warning, Pilate cleansed his hands with water, and left the decision on the crowd's hands.
The crowd spit on him, beat him, smote him, and stripped him placing a scarlet robe on him for mockery.
They gave him a thorny "crown" and wrote above his cross "This Is Jesus The King Of The Jews", giving him vinegar to drink.
Jesus cried out to God the Father, and shortly after saints rose, and the Earth quaked.
The two Mary's cried at his feet and once he was brought down, his disciple Joseph (not his father), asked for the body; this he took and wrapped in clean linen lying it in a tomb rolling a great stone in the door opening.
Pilate sent Pharisees to watch the tomb and the two Mary mourned at the tomb. At the end of Sabbath, the an angel of the LORD caused an earthquake and descended down to the tomb, rolling back the stone from the door and sitting upon it.
He informed the two Mary's there that Christ Jesus has risen and to share the good news.
They departed in great fear and joy to tell his disciples, but they first encountered Jesus himself.
He informed them to "go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me."
They quickly hurried to share the good news. The 11 disciples were in the mountain of Galilee, as instructed, and upon seeing Christ they began to worship him (though some doubted).
He then instructed them to go unto all nations teaching and baptizing in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost (the holy trinity).
He left telling them " I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. amen." 100th Slide