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Philosophical Foundations of Education in the U.S. CHAPTER 1
Transcript of Philosophical Foundations of Education in the U.S. CHAPTER 1
definition: "the love of wisdom."
"It is also a vibrant way of discovering and expressing ways of being and acting." Let's get started on your philosophy of Education! Philosophy & Education Essentialism What branch of philosophy do you identify with?
What philosophy would be the most effective when teaching in the modern classroom?
What do you think is the most common philosophy found in America's classrooms? By: El Lisha Mayle,
Monica Anaya, and
Christina Mooney Philosophy of Education:
definition: the teacher's love of
wisdom in regards to teaching
and expressing attitudes and
actions in the classroom daily. Metaphysics Epistemology Axiology Logic Definition: Questions: In the Classroom: the search for reality and purpose What is the meaning of life?
Does life have a purpose?
What is reality?
The teachers help their students find reasons to study and learn by having them look to their future and to help them realize that their choices affect their future. Definition: Questions: In the Classroom: In search for determining the truth and ways to gain knowledge What is truth?
How do we acquire knowledge? Students will know based on reasoning and they learn to use higher-order thinking to gain knowledge. Definition: Questions: In the Classroom: addresses what is right and wrong and what is beautiful and artistic What is valuable?
What is just, and what is unjust? How the students respect one another and whether the choices they make in the classroom are right or wrong. Also, the teachers will help their students appreciate beauty and art. Definition: Questions: In the Classroom: used to understand, solve, or draw conclusions What makes sense?
Is there a foundation for a particular argument? Essay questions that ask the student to think about a topic and write about it. Also, when a teacher breaks up a fight and asks the students to think about what they are doing. Perennialism "A philosophy of education based on the belief that there is a core curriculum that everyone in the United States should learn." The main purpose of school is to teach the students and to understand and practice the culture and traditions of American society. This allows students with knowledge and skills to participate in society.
Students learn in a rigorous learning environment.
The curriculum is the core of all the knowledge the student will learn.
The subjects that the students are taught are the basics: English, Mathematics, Science, and History.
Students are taught in the traditional instructional strategies, where lecture, written homework assignments, and books are commonly found.
This classroom environment focuses on discipline.
Testing is essential, where IQ and standardized testing are common. "A philosophy of education that is based on a core curriculum." Curriculums with "themes and questions that endure" and look for truths that are found in society.
The purpose of schooling is to teach students these everlasting truths, where school is preparing children for life.
The curriculum is surrounded by liberal arts: Philosophy, Theology, Art, and the basics found in Essentialism.
Students are often taught through Socratic seminars, didactic instruction, and other traditional methods.
It is the teachers responsibility to discipline.
Testing often revolves around traditional ways, such as written essays. Progressivism "A philosophy of education that focuses on a curriculum that is of interests to students." The curriculum focuses on working together on problem-solving and student discovery problems.
The purpose of going to school is to encourage working together, and making decisions.
Students learn "hand on," as well through interactions from what is "seen, heard, and done."
The curriculum is relevant and child centered, where there is integration as well as community oriented.
Testing is formative, where students need to know the processes rather than the outcomes.
The teacher is the facilitator. Social Reconstructionism Looks to change society, rather than just to teach about it.
Calls on schools to educate students in ways that will help society move beyond all forms of discrimination to the benefit of everyone worldwide.
Addresses topics like:
*sexism Teachers promote active student involvement in societal problems and then plan experiences for students to explore issues and possible solutions.
*Teachers promote democracy and Freedom to make choices Existentialism Rejects traditional education, and focuses primarily on the individual (Students). Teachers teach the whole person, and each student searches for personal meaning and understanding.
Learning is self-paced and self-directed.
Students choose which experiences they want to learn.
Standardized testing is not useful for this view. Other "isms" Idealism * Based on belief that ideas are the only reliable form of reality.
*Since physical world is always changing, ideas are what should be taught. Realism * Based on belief that some facts are absolutes whether recognized by all or not.
*The only way to know these absolutes is to study the material world. Romanticism * The needs of the individual are more important than the needs of society. Postmodernism *Grew out of a sense that those in power control those who don't have power.
*Believe this control is manifested through institutions like schools.