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Jung Archetypes in Greek Mythology

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leandra bowsman

on 23 May 2015

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Transcript of Jung Archetypes in Greek Mythology

The Innocent
The orphan
The warrior
The caregiver
The seeker
The lover
The destroyer
The creator
The ruler
The magician
The sage
The fool/jester
The innocent
The innocent is often naive and overly optimistic and trusting. They are ignorant to life's true nature: the existence of despair, destitution, and death. They avoid and deny its existence, always seeking a better, carefree life. They find solace and strength in their ability to trust others, yet sometimes become too dependent upon others and/or ignore/fail to see their weaknesses.
The orphan
The orphan appears wise beyond their years. They have been forced to grow up prematurely, unable to enjoy childhood. They offer a realistic, empathetic sense to the group, but uses their victimization as an excuse for their irresponsibility/incompetence. They fear exploitation and typically assume a pessimistic, cynical attitude towards the world.
The warrior
The warrior is overly courageous, determined, and disciplined. They sometimes disregard ethics and morals in order to win. They ignore feelings of others and are focused solely on victory. While their strength and perseverance create someone commendable, sometimes their lack of empathy and arrogance ultimately compromises the goal and/or team.
The caregiver
The caregiver fears greed and counteracts it with compassion, selflessness, and an undying commitment to helping others. In doing so, they sometimes end up harming themselves. They are overly prone to help those in need, but have a dark, manipulative side beneath the surface. They use guilt to keep people close, and even uses their care as a weapon: forcing others to stay with them. They rely on others and need companionship.
The seeker
The seeker has limitless ambition and creativity. They embark on a journey to discover the unknown and are known for their individual and unique qualities. They are often quizzical of others and avoid the burden of team members, believing that they are unnecessary baggage that threaten to hinder their quest in finding their true selves. They have a perfectionist tendency, and fear commitment and conformity. Although they are revered for their independence, they often become self-centered and bitter as they age from their loneliness.
The lover
The lover encompasses all forms of love: maternal, friendship, sexual, and spiritual. They allow us to feel loved and passionate. They wholeheartedly express their desire for a genuine relationship with everyone they become close to. They forge their companionships on the basis of undying love, which can sometimes become overbearing. They become obsessed with their partner and sometimes are unable to recover if their partner leaves them. They fear loneliness and sometimes go to extreme measures to ensure they will never lose intimate relationships.
The destroyer
The destroyer is the epitome of paradox: they are driven by the tendency to destroy and ruin, yet they themselves fear death. They are willing to annihilate everything and everyone to achieve their goal of rebirth and reformation. They are ruthless and are driven by deeply repressed anger and frustration. They ultimately crave destruction, either through external or internal means. They disregard relationships and find emotions and attachment hindrances; they are fast-paced and find it easy to let go. Despite the seemingly sociological personality, their constant dance between life and death leaves them humble.
The creator
The creator envelopes creation in its entirety: from the largest advancements to the most minute alteration. They are on constantly on a journey for finding themselves. They pride themselves with their imagination and hard work, but sometimes become obsessed with their creations, needing to always to create something to fill the emptiness in their life. They allow society to express itself, but the fear that everything is an illusion drives them to need to create to reassure themselves that their life is real. This tendency ultimately jeopardizes their relationships and alienates them from society.
The ruler
The ruler seeks complete control and order, attempting to eliminate, or at least limit, chaos. They are extremely responsible and have a knack for logistics and use a logarithmic model to maintain order. They are not opposed to creativity, unless it threatens their kingdom. They are rigid and controlling, always in need of the final say. Their goal is to prevent anarchy, but sometimes their uptight and strict laws alienate themselves from their subjects, spawning an revolt.
The magician
The magician has immense power. They fear what may happen should they lose control, and sometimes instill fear in those around them. They seek change or transformation of some sort. They are constantly tempted with their power, as it allows them to manipulate others. This manipulation severs the connection between reality and their mind. However, should they combat the temptations, they can harness their power for constructive change, improving society.
The sage
The sage is driven by the quest for wisdom. Throughout their journey, they constantly fear deception remain skeptic for possible falsehoods. They are often judgemental and critical, sometimes lacking empathy. They seek the truth and enlightenment, and will stop at nothing to attain it. Consequentially, they can be impractical and dogmatic towards others who question them.
The fool/jester
The fool/jester fosters enjoyment and lightheartedness. While sometimes lazy, they open our eyes to the necessity of play and relaxation. They embrace life as-is; they seek not to change it, but to make the most of it. However, they fear tranquility. They constantly need to feel alive, even if they are not engaged in a lively activity. They are free-spirited and live in the moment, often ignorant of possible repercussions. They can be seen as irresponsible, and sometimes turn to cruelty and/or trickery in order to experience the addictive adrenaline rush associated with being alive.
The 12 Universal Archetypes
about Carl Jung
Carl Jung was a dissenter of Freudian Psychology. While he also focused on the unconscious, Jung was more optimistic in terms of what people stored there. Jung disagreed with Freud's belief that the unconscious consisted entirely of unwelcome and repressed desires-mainly sexual. Instead, Jung thought of the unconscious as a place for repressed desires, yet also a place for creativity and inspiration to blossom. Embracing this more holistic, positive perception of the unconscious, Jung proposed a collective unconscious: "inborn unconscious psychic material common to humankind, accumulated by the experience of all preceding generations" (dictionary.reference.com). Further expanding upon this idea, Jung proposed theories of archetypes: "a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches" (dictionary.reference.com). Since the beginning of time, standard archetypes have consistently appeared in all mythology, folklore, fables, etc.
Jungian Archetypes and "The 12 Olympians"
Jung's archetypes are inherently present within the 12 Greek Gods of Olympus:
Zeus: The Ruler
Poseidon: The Destroyer
Demeter: The Innocent
Hera: The Caregiver
Aphrodite: The Lover
Ares, God of War: The Warrior
Hephaestus: The Orphan
Hermes: The Fool/Jester
Dionysus: The Magician
Athena: The Sage
Artemis: The Seeker
Apollo: The Creator
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