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Copy of Year 9 Food Technology-Food Selection & Health Assignment
Transcript of Copy of Year 9 Food Technology-Food Selection & Health Assignment
for the Future 1. Eat plenty of fruit, vegetables and legumes (beans)! What are the Health Benefits of Fruit, Vegetables and Legumes? Fruit, vegetables and legumes are good for your health and an important part of your daily diet. They are naturally good and contain many vitamins, minerals and other natural substances that help you to remain healthy and grow to be healthy and strong!
Fruit, vegetables and legumes also help to protect your body against diseases including cancer, diabetes and heart disease.
They’re low in fat, salt and added sugar and provide you with a source of fibre, which is good for your heart, intestines and for keeping you ‘regular’.
As part of a well-balanced, regular diet and an active lifestyle, eating plenty of fruit, vegetables and legumes can also help to reduce obesity and maintain a healthy weight. Different coloured fruit, vegetables and legumes have different health benefits, so try and have as many different colours as you can! Try to include Fruit, Vegetables and Legumes into all that you eat! You can do this by:
Putting sliced banana/strawberries onto breakfast cereal.
Adding chopped fruit, such as blueberries, to yoghurt.
Making a smoothie using fresh/frozen fruit.
Packing carrot/celery sticks in your lunch box.
Topping pizza with sliced capsicum/mushroom.
Putting Baked Beans on your toast. 2. Eat plenty of cereals (including breads, rice, pasta and noodles), preferably wholegrain! Why is it important to eat cereals (including breads, rice, pasta and noodles)? • Cereals (including breads, rice, pasta and noodles) are one of the most important foods. They are good sources of carbohydrates, fibre, protein and a range of vitamins and minerals.
• They can reduce the risk of developing certain diseases, including cancer, diabetes and heart disease.
• They're low in fat.
• Most importantly, this group should form the main source of energy (kilojoules) in the diet. Try to eat 4-11 servings of 'cereal foods' each day! 3. Include lean meat, fish, poultry and/or alternatives! Why is it important to eat lean meat, fish, poultry and/or alternatives? Lean meat, fish and poultry play a very important role in your daily diet. They are an excellent source of iron, protein, zinc and the B group vitamins. As a teenager, try to eat 1-2 servings of lean meat, fish or poultry per day! 4. Include milks, yoghurt cheese and/or alternatives! What are the Health Benefits of Milks, Yoghurt, Cheese and/or alternatives? •Milks, yoghurt and cheese are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, particularly calcium. They contain a good balance of carbohydrates, fats and protein.
•Good bone health
•A strong immune system
•Prevention of Illnesses, such as dehydration, tooth decay, high blood pressure, obesity and osteoporosis. ONE SERVING IS EQUAL TO 1 CUP OF COOKED NOODLES, PASTA OR RICE ONE SERVING IS EQUAL TO 65-100g OF COOKED CHICKEN OR MEAT Do you want to have weak bones and osteoporosis later in life? Try to eat 3-5 servings of milks, yoghurt and cheese each day! ONE SERVE IS EQUAL TO 1 GLASS OF CUSTARD/MILK 5. Choose water as a drink! Why is it important to drink water? Water is an essential nutrient for life and is part of almost every tissue and process in your body, including the elimination of waste products and maintenance of the body’s temperature.
Without water, your body would stop working properly. Water makes up more than half of your body weight and a person can’t survive for more than a few days without it.
Water is lost from the body through urine and sweat, and must be replaced through our diets. Many people, though, don’t consume enough and as a result may become dehydrated, causing symptoms such as loss of concentration, headaches and tiredness.
Constant dehydration can contribute to a number of health problems, such as constipation. Did you know? Cordial, flavoured water, soft drinks and sport drinks, such as Gatorade, should not to be used as substitutes for water.
Water is the best drink to quench thirst.
Your body doesn't get water only from drinking water. Any fluid you drink will contain water, but water and milk are the best choices.
Lots of foods contain water, such as fruit and vegetables. Try to drink about 5-8 glasses of water each day! 1 GLASS IS EQUAL TO 250ml THAT'S HOW YOU CAN BE Happy, Healthy and Fit for the Future