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Transcript of 1920s
American Modernism was an art movement that emerged during the 1920s. Georgia O'Keeffe, a famous artist of the time, is known as the mother of American Modernism
by Summer, Nadine, Walt and Amanda
Welcome to the 1920's!
The Jazz Age
There were many names for the years spanning the 1920's, including the Roaring 20's or, perhaps the more well known phrase, "The Jazz Age". The latter term was famously coined by a member of "The Lost Generation" - author F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Significance of the Decade
"1920's Residential Housing and Commercial Buildings."1920's Architecture. 1920-30, n. d. Web. 28 May. 2013. <http://www.1920-30.com/architecture/>.
"The Jazz Age." historylearningsite n.pag. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/1920s_America.htm>.
Spooner, Chelsi. "1920's Entertainment VS. Toda'ys Entertainment." Yahoo! Voices, 20 Jul 2007. Web. 28 May. 2013. <http://voices.yahoo.com/1920s-entertainment-vs-todays-entertainment-446873.html>.
"1920's Art, Artists and Illustrators." 1920-30. N.p., n. d. Web. 2 Jun. 2013. <http://www.1920-30.com/art/>.
was responsible for
& Popular dances
was responsible for
was responsible for
was responsible for
Food & Major Artwork
Significance of the decade & Technologies and innovation
Entertainment & Architecture
Magazines, movies, books, and radios were the bee's knees of entertainment during the 1920s
Movies and the Radio
KDKA started in 1920 was the first radio station.
CBS starting in 1927 and NBC starting in 1926 were two major radio stations during this time.
During this time the first talkie “The Jazz Singer” starring Al Jolson was produced.
Movie stars such as Charlie Chaplin, Rudolph Valentino, Clara Bow and Mary Pickford were very famous during the 1920s
This era was known as the “Jazz Age”
Many jazz musicians such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and George Gershwin were popular during this time.
The Lost Generation
The Harlem Renaissance was the growth of African American culture in the New York City's Harlem during the 1920s. Ella Fitzgerald and Langston Hughes contributed a lot to this cultural movement. Langston Hughes wrote many poems that described the culture and life of African Americans.
They were a group of american writers that rebelled against American culture. Many moved overseas to London and Paris in search for literary freedom. This group included writers such as F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, and T.S. Eliot.
F. Scott Fitzgerald is widely known for his novel The Great Gatsby which depicts the fast pace life of the 1920s.
Winnie the Pooh, Steamboat Willie, and Betty Boop were all famous cartoons that emerged during the 1920s.
"An American in Paris" By George Gershwin was written in 1928, inspired by a trip to Paris.
Yo Yos, roller skating, pogo sticks, marbles, and flagpole sitting were all popular forms of entertainment during this time.
Also, for entertainment, many of the younger Americans went to speakeasies, illegal bars, where bootleg alcohol was served.
"Harlem Madness" was written in 1929 and preformed the Coon-Sanders Nighthawks
The Charleston was a wildly popular dance in the 1920's; it was danced to ragtime jazz in 4/4 time and fit the more reckless attitude of the generation's youth.
Chrysler Building, by William Van Alen, at New York, New York, 1928 to 1930.
With the development of new techniques such as: precast concrete panels and the use of steel, skyscrapers became taller and taller. The Chrysler building was tallest building in the world at that time
The building of residential housing changed during the 1920s. Houses were built to be better suited for modern living and began to resemble the kind of housing built today. Houses were built to be cost efficient. One popular style of housing was the Bungalow.
Food of the 1920's
1920's Charleston Dance History. N.d. Photograph. Charleston Challenge Down UnderWeb. 2 Jun 2013. <http://www.charlestonchallengedownunder.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/charleston-dance-1920s.jpg>.
N.d. Graphic. Streetswing.comWeb. 2 Jun 2013. <http://www.streetswing.com/music_archive/m1charleston.htm>.
"The History of the 1920's Charleston Dance." Charleston Challenge Down Under. Charleston Challenge Down Under. Web. 2 Jun 2013. <http://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.charlestonchallengedownunder.com.au/history/&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AFQjCNFC0Cb9zeHnJbWuo3fSIvfojggTVQ>.
The 1920's saw an increase of newly manufactured foods, of which many became household necessities, such as Wonder bread, Land O' Lakes butter, Peter Pan peanut butter, Reese's Peanut Butter Cups, Broccoli, Rice Krispies, Kool Aid, and many more. Advertisements increased the adaption of new food in the 20's and made it more appealing.
"New Foods in the 1920s." New Foods in the 1920s. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2013. http://www.fhs.d211.org/departments/socialstudies/mbrotsos/ush/10ushandouts/20s/newscast/new_foods_in_the_1920s.htm
On January 17, 1920, Congress passes the 18th Amendment which bans to consumption, production and distribution of Alcohol
The leader of Organized Crime in Chicago was Al Capone who embodies the gangster look of the 20s, he manages to overrun Chicago Police forces for one night
October 29, 1929 "Black Tuesday" the Wall Street Stock Market crashes, marking the beginning of the Great Depression
Republican William Harding wins the Presidential election in November 1920
Also by 1920 the US population had reached 100 million people
Republicans had policy of Laissez-Faire
Tariffs raised, taxes lowered
Being that this was Post-WWI and the US had sold metal of fuel to France and Britain, our economy was self-sufficient because we had resources
Monopolies allowed, few people controlled the wealth in the US
In 1915 DW Griffith releases The Birth of a Nation which inspires the creation of the Second KKK from 1920-1925
The KKK had a frightening 5 million members, motivating Southern Black families to move North "The Great Migration"
On July 10, 1925 the Scopes Trial begins when Tennessee Teacher teaches students Darwinism
The Southern US
On August 18, 1920 congress ratifies the 19th Amendment which gives women the right to vote.
On February 6, 1922 the USA, UK, Japan, France and Italy agree to an arms reduction, this restricts submarine warfare on merchant ships, bans poison gas and limits Naval construction.
On January 5, 1925 Nellie Ross was elected as governor of Wyoming, the first women governor in US History
Social and Political Achievements
In 1926 Robert H Goddard invents the Liquid-Fueled Rocket
In 1923 Garrett A Morgan invents the Traffic Signal
In 1921 John Larson invents the Lie Detector
In 1927 Philip Drinker invents the Iron Lung
"The 1920s - Prosperity and its Demise" web 2011 americasbesthistory.com http://americasbesthistory.com/abhtimeline1920.html
"The Roaring Twenties" web By Mary Bellis http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/twentieth_3.htm
"The Cat's Pajamas!" - That's the best!
"The Bee's Knees" - Similar to Cat's Pajamas
"Bluenose!" - Someone who is stingy
a "cash" - a kiss
"Bank's Closed" - You're not getting a kiss
a "ciggy" - a cigarette
"You Slay Me!" - that was funny!
"It's the berries!" - It's great/awesome!