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U.S. History Timeline of the 20th and 21st Century
Transcript of U.S. History Timeline of the 20th and 21st Century
The second decade of the 20th century
The Roaring 20's
Produced by: Hannah Thomas
The first decade of the century
In the first census of the 20th century, the population of the United States rose to 76,212,168, a 21% increase since 1890.
September 14, 1901 - Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as President upon the death of William McKinley from gunshot wounds sustained the week earlier.
Willis Haviland Carrier, invents the air conditioner.
Invention of the ice cream cone.
•May 15, 1905 - The city of Las Vegas, Nevada is formed.
April 18-19, 1906 - The San Francisco earthquake was estimated at 7.8 on the Richter scale.
•February 8, 1910 - The Boy Scouts of America is founded.
January 23, 1907 - The first Native American Senator, Charles Curtis, from Kansas, takes office.
August 1918 - The influenza epidemic, "Spanish flue" spans the globe, killing over twenty million worldwide and five hundred and forty-eight thousand people in the United States.
•February 1, 1913 - Grand Central Station, the world's largest rail terminal, opens in New York City.
•July 11, 1914 - Babe Ruth makes his major league debut.
•August 25, 1916 - The National Park Service is officially created.
•April 6, 1917-the United States Congress declares war on Germany and join the allies in World War I.
•June 28, 1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending World War I.
•August 18, 1920 - Women are given the right to vote.
September 7-8, 1921 - The first Miss America pageant is held in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
•May 30, 1922 - The Lincoln Memorial, is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
January 25, 1924 - The first Winter Olympic Games are held in the French Alps in Chamonix, France.
•June 17, 1928 - Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly over the Atlantic Ocean.
•February 18, 1930 - American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers the planet Pluto.
•March 3, 1931 - The Star-Spangled Banner, by Francis Scott Key, is approved as the national anthem.
•March 4, 1933 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the first time. His speech with its hallmark phrase, "We have nothing to fear, but fear itself".
Gone with the Wind is published.
•March 26, 1937 - William Henry Hastie is appointed to the federal bench, becoming the first African-American to become a federal judge.
•August 2, 1939 - Albert Einstein alerts Franklin D. Roosevelt to an A-bomb opportunity, which led to the creation of the Manhattan Project.
•June 14, 1940 -Auschwitz received its first Polish prisoners.
•December 7, 1941 - The attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
•August 6, 1945 - President Harry S. Truman gives the go-ahead for the use of the atomic bomb with the bombing of Hiroshima. Three days later, the second bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
•March 15, 1947 - The Truman Doctrine is passed by the U.S. Congress.
•April 4, 1949 - NATO, the North American Treaty Organization.
•November 1, 1952 - At Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, the first hydrogen bomb, named Mike, is exploded.
•April 25, 1953 - The description of a double helix DNA molecule is published by British physicist Francis Crick and American scientist James D. Watson.
•December 1, 1955 - Rosa Parks, an African American seamstress, refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white man.
1957-Gordon Gould, an American physicist, invents the laser.
•January 31, 1958 - Explorer I, the first U.S. space satellite, is launched by the Army at Cape Canaveral.
•January 3, 1959 - Alaska is admitted to the United States as the 49th state to be followed on August 21 by Hawaii.
Not So Civil 60's
•November 8, 1960 - The presidential race is won by Senator John F. Kennedy.
October 14, 1962 - The Cuban Missile Crises begins; was the closest the Cold War came to breaking into armed conflict.
•November 22, 1963 - In Dallas, Texas, during a motorcade through downtown, President John F. Kennedy is mortally wounded by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.
•1964 - July 2,1964 – President Johnson signs civil rights act.
•March 25, 1965 - Martin Luther King speaks at a civil rights rally on the courthouse steps of the Alabama State Capitol, ending the Selma to Montgomery, Alabama march for voting rights.
Miranda vs. Arizona
•June 13,1966- Miranda v. Arizona: Landmark Supreme Court decision further defines due process clause of Fourteenth Amendment and establishes Miranda rights.
•April 4, 1968 - Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee while standing on a motel balcony by James Earl Ray.
•July 20, 1969 - The Apollo program completes its mission. Neil Armstrong, United States astronaut, becomes the first man to set foot on the moon.
•May 1, 1970-U.S. troops invade Cambodia.
•January 22,1973- Roe v. Wade: Landmark Supreme Court decision legalizes abortion in first trimester of pregnancy.
•August 9,1974-Nixon resigns; he is succeeded in office by his vice president, Gerald Ford.
•April 1,1979 - Nickelodeon TV cable network began.
Rock of 80's
John Lennon was shot.
Sept. 25, 1981-Sandra Day O'Connor is sworn in as the first woman Supreme Court justice.
•1982-Michael Jackson's 'Thriller' album was released on November 30th. Around 110,000,000 copies were sold.
•Jan. 28, 1986- Space shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after liftoff, Killing all seven crew members .
The 90's Scene
•1990- World Wide Web/Internet protocol (HTTP) and WWW language (HTML) created by Tim Berners-Lee.
•Jan. 20,1993-Bill Clinton is inaugurated as the 42nd president.
•1998- NCAA Basketball Championship winner - KY.
•April 20, 1999- School shooting at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colo., leaves 14 students (including the 2 shooters) and 1 teacher dead and 23 others wounded.
The 21st Century
•2000- Miss America:Heather French (Maysville, KY).
•Sept.11, 2001-Two hijacked jetliners ram twin towers of World Trade Center in worst terrorist attack against U.S.; a third hijacked plane flies into the Pentagon, and a fourth crashes in rural Pennsylvania. More than 3,000 people die in the attacks.
•2004- A Tsunami killed nearly quarter of a million people in Indonesia and the entire South Asian area, including Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. It was caused by an underwater earthquake with guesstimated Magnitude of 9.2. It lasted nearly 10 minutes and some waves were 100 feet tall.
•2005- Hurricane Katrina wreaks catastrophic damage on Mississippi and Louisiana; 80% of New Orleans is flooded.
•2008- Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President.
•2010- An explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico sends millions of gallons of oil into the sea.
American Timeline for AP U.S. History
This video shows the evolution of music through the years