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Anthony Villanueva

on 12 August 2013

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Transcript of Anti-Smoking

What is smoking?
Then - Santa
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration says cigarette packs no longer can feature names such as "light," "mild," "medium" or "low," which many smokers wrongly think are less harmful than "full-flavor" cigarettes. - (June 2010)
Activity: $$$
What would you do with:
A Day
A Week
A Month
A Year
5 Years
20 Years
What is a cigarette?
What is smoking?
What is in a cigarette?
What are the risks of smoking a cigarette?
How can we prevent smoking?
Refers to the inhalation and exhalation of fumes from burning tobacco in cigars, cigarettes, and pipes

What is a cigarette?
What is in a cigarette?
Tobacco is a green, leafy plant that is grown in warm climates. After it is picked, it is dried, ground up, and used in different ways. It can be smoked in a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. It can be chewed (called smokeless tobacco or chewing tobacco) or sniffed through the nose (called snuff).
Carbon Monoxide
Hydrogen Cyanide
Hydrogen cyanide is present in the smoke of a cigarette. High exposure causes cardiovascular and respiratory illness.
DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane)
Formaldehyde is a by-product of the combustion process of tobacco smoking. Formaldehyde is used to preserve dead animals.
Sulfuric Acid
Cadmium is used to charge batteries.
Cyanide is a rapidly acting, potentially deadly chemical that can exist in various forms.
Smoking cigarettes is probably one of the major sources of cyanide exposure for people who do not work in cyanide-related industries.
Cyanide is more harmful to the heart and brain than to other organs because the heart and brain use a lot of oxygen.
Arsenic is present in cigarettes because it is used as an insecticide for growing tobacco. Arsenic is also found in rat poison.
Refers to the inhalation and exhalation of fumes from burning tobacco in cigars, cigarettes, and pipes.
A slender roll of cut tobacco enclosed in paper and meant to be smoked
Then and Now - Labels
Then & Now
Then and Now - Women
Then and Now - Children
Sulfuric Acid is found in car batteries.
DDT is an insecticide
Butane is a form of lighter fluid.
Acetone removes nail polish. Adds flavor to cigarettes.
Ammonia is used to clean toilets.
Ammonia boosts the impact of nicotine.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a byproduct of burning cigarette. It is an odorless, colorless gas, which can cause sudden illness and death.
Acts as a stimulant in mammals and is the main factor responsible for the dependence-forming properties of tobacco smoking. At higher doses, such as the nicotine that can be found in some insecticide sprays, nicotine can be extremely toxic, causing vomiting, tremors, convulsions, and death.
No Butts
What are some risks of smoking?
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle.

A stroke occurs if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain is blocked. Without oxygen, brain cells start to die after a few minutes. Sudden bleeding in the brain also can cause a stroke if it damages brain cells.


Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells.

Reproductive Issues for Women
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old.
Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. 
If a woman loses a pregnancy after she's past her 20th week, it's called a stillbirth. Stillbirths are due to natural causes. They can happen before delivery or during delivery. 
Preterm Delivery

Toluene is found naturally in crude oil. It’s used in oil refining and the manufacturing of paints, lacquers, explosives (TNT) and glues. In homes, toluene may be found in paint thinners, paint brush cleaners, nail polish, glues, inks and stain removers.
Secondhand Smoke
Now - Glamour
Now - Choices

Now - "Joe Chemo"
Then - "Joe Camel"
Final thoughts
Smokers need to understand that they are being used for someone else's profit.
Smoking does not only harm yourself but also others.
Some effects of smoking are irreversible
Stay strong and do not give in to peer pressure
Lower Sperm Count
Motility Problems (Sperm's ability to swim towards egg)
Hormonal issues
Erectile dysfunction
Reproductive Issues for Men
Ways to Prevent Smoking...
Set a good example
Understand the attraction
Say no to teen smoking
Understand the true vanity
Do the math
Expect peer pressure but stay strong
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work too hard. High blood pressure increases the risk for heart disease and stroke, the first- and third-leading causes of death for Americans. High blood pressure can also cause other problems, such as heart failure, kidney disease, and blindness.

Activity: What do you think is in a cigarette?
With your group, list what you know is inside of a cigarette. This list may include ingredients, additives, or chemicals
49,400 deaths per year from secondhand smoke exposure

Tobacco use accounts for 30% of Cancer deaths and 87% of all lung cancer deaths
- American Cancer Society
- Center for Disease Control
Smoking in pregnancy accounts for an estimated 20 to 30 percent of low-birth weight babies, up to 14 percent of preterm deliveries, and some 10 percent of all infant deaths. Even in apparently healthy, full-term babies of smokers have been found to be born with narrowed airways and reduced lung function
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
On their websites, tobacco companies encourage people to quit smoking. However, in 2006, a court found that tobacco companies manipulate nicotine levels to keep smokers addicted.
- Nicotine"Manipulation": Defendants Have Falsely Denied That They Can and Do Control the Level of Nicotine Delivered In Order to Create and Sustain Addiction United States District Court for the District of Columbia Final Opinion Pages 515-528 in the case. In PDF, Page 5.
But First!
Fact: In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just two grapes. There's 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.
Discussion: Why do people smoke?
Want to look more mature
Want to fit in
Want to look cool
Advertisements make it look cool/fun
Parents set example - "if they do it, then I can, too."
Famous people (actors/actresses/performers) set example
Peer pressure - ties into wanting to fit in
Full transcript