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The Reconstruction Amendments

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Mr. Dellorco

on 20 March 2017

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Transcript of The Reconstruction Amendments

The Reconstruction Amendments
13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments
January 1, 1863
Did not free all the slaves in the United States.
It declared that all the slaves in the Confederacy were free (not those in the loyal border slave states).
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution frees the slaves.
Background
Dred Scott v Sanford
Conclusions of Case of the Dred Scott Case
13th Amendment
SECTION. 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude,
except
as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Does the 13th Amendment resolve all issues?

Gave former slaves equal rights and authorized the use of Federal Troops if necessary
Southern States Create Laws called the Black Codes
The Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states that limited the new-found freedom of African Americans.

Black Codes forced African Americans to work on farms or as servants. They also prevented African Americans from owning guns, holding public meetings, or renting property in cities.

Emancipation Proclamation
In 1863, Lincoln declares all slaves free in rebellious states
Reactions?
14th Amendment
Abraham Lincoln opposed slavery, but he had been elected on a platform that promised not to interfere with slavery within the slave states.


During the Civil War, his primary aim was to save the Union.

the process of readmitting the former Confederate states to the Union

Lasted from 1865 to 1877

The South had been severely damaged by war—cities, towns, and farms had been ruined.

Many southerners faced starvation. Banks failed, and merchants went bankrupt.

Reconstruction:
The President and Congress did not see eye to eye about the consequences for the Southern States
President Lincoln is assassinated and Vice President Johnson is sworn in as President
Emancipation Proclamation
Civil Rights Act of 1866
14th Amendment
The Bill of Rights original intent was to protect individuals against the Federal Government.
Before the 14th
The longest of the three Reconstruction amendments, the 14th amendment was intended to resolve some big questions:

How should the newly freed slaves be treated?
Were they really citizens?
Did the laws of white people apply to them?
Do we count them when figuring out the number of representatives from each state?
Now that the war is over, do we let former “rebels” get elected to Congress?
Some of the southern states took out loans to pay for their part in the Civil war. Does the government have to pay those loans back?
Section 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
14th Amendment


expands the meaning of citizenship; a
person born or naturalized in the U.S.

laid the ground work for making
individual rights national

interprets the word Due Process to apply
the guarantees of the Bill of Rights to States
Effects of the 14th Amendment
14th Amendment Vocabulary

Incorporation- An idea that the Bill of Rights applies to the states. The states can not deny individual rights under the Bill of Rights

Due Process- fair and reasonable legal procedures the government must follow in convicting you of a crime

Equal Protection- you can not be denied protection under the law for any reason (sex,ethnicity,ability,religion)

Nationalization- if rights are denied by the state, you may take your case to a federal court
Were African Americans free during Reconstruction?
Section 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the United
States
, and subject to the jurisdiction (laws) thereof,
are
citizens of the United States and of the State
wherein they
reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall
abridge (limit) the privileges or immunities (rights) of citizens
of the United States;
nor shall any State deprive any person
of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law;

nor
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection
of the laws.
14th Amendment: 1868
Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged
by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
15th Amendment: 1870
Open the Black Code Examples in iTunes U
What issues are not addressed?
Missouri Compromise states any slave living above the 36' 30 parallel line was considered free
Political and social reactions to the case
Political and Social reactions to the proclomation
SECTION 2
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The 14th defines citizenship
The 13th frees the slaves
Still not considered a citizen
Calls for a deportation of former slaves
Trump's travel ban
Does it uphold America’s cherished values, or does it subvert them?
Group Assignment
Dred Scott Video
https://edcite.com/1tudaz
Full transcript