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Robotics,

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Stephanie Yelling

on 31 March 2015

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Transcript of Robotics,

Drones & AI
"The central question of 2025 will be: What are the people for in a world that does not need their labor, and where only a minority are needed to guide the bot-based economy?"
Limitations/Shortcomings
Limitations/Shortcomings & How To Fix ?
Case Study
Limitations/Shortcomings

What can be done to correct?
Amazon Drones
P1
Monday, March 30, 2015
Brifkany, Pollack, Winrow & Yelling
Brief History of Robotic Technology
Introduction
Robotics, Drones, & AI
Decision Making
How Does It Support Collaborative Decision Making?
Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, & Drones

One definition of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence and/or the power of a machine to copy intelligent human behavior.

Robotics is defined as the technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots in automation.

Drones is one of the many examples of where the theory of AI and technology of robotics comes together.
________________________________________________________________________
USE OF ROBOTS
Military and defense systems
Space robotic vehicles
Field robots
Flying Robots
Underwater robots
Search-and-rescue robotics
Personal and service robotic
Space repair robots
Transportation systems
_____________________________________________________________________________
AVANTAGES OF ROBOTICS
Increased Productivity
Increased Flexibility
More efficiency
Safety (human, machine and product)
Can work in Hazardous environment
Accuracy
Repeatability
No environmental comfort needed
No medical insurance or vacations
Scientific Discipline
Process multiple stimuli simultaneously
Continuous work without fatigue and boredom
_________________________________________________________________________________
DISADVANTAGES OF ROBOTICS
Unemployment ( major problem)
Economic problem ( salary)
Dissatisfaction and resentment among workers
Lack capability to respond in emergencies
Lack of decision making power
Limitations ( DOFs, Dexterity, sensors, real time response etc.)
High initial cost
Need for peripherals, training, and programming

Thank You For Listening to Our Presentation!
Any Questions?
Further Research Needed
The FAA is still working on drone regulations.
The usage of drones in agriculture has risen over the last few years.
Crop dusting planes and drones with cameras are both used in agriculture.
Both pose a threat because both fly at
or below 400 feet.

The DaVinci surgical robot allows surgeons to perform surgeries making a small incision.
Surgery with the DaVinci hoped to produce less blood loss during surgery and a quicker healing time for the patient.
Claims were brought against DaVinci: surgical tears or burns to vital organs, arteries, and/or blood vessels, excessive bleeding, bowel injuries, cut ureters, and death.
Intuitive Surgical, Inc. sets aside $67 million to settle lawsuits brought against them.

The Future of Robotics, Drones, & Artificial Intelligence
Drones
In the near future, Amazon.com plans to implement drones for the delivery of its orders.
If this is implemented, drones will deliver orders to addresses within a 10 mile radius of the Amazon fulfillment center
The package must also weigh less than 5 pounds.

Robotics
Researchers are in the process of creating organs from a 3D printer.
Organs, such as a kidney, will be created from biomaterials, cells and blood supply channels.
The ability to print a human organ in the future gives patients suffering from kidney disease and failure and people on dialysis hope.

The Kiva Systems Robot
Kiva is a robot that assists workers at Amazon fulfillment centers.
It helps to retrieve or “fetch” orders, eliminating majority of the legwork for humans.
The total packing time is 15 minutes per order compared to what used to take 1.5 hours for a human to pick the item and pack.
Both Kiva robot and workers are able to work together collaboratively to help Amazon save time and money.

How Decision Making Becomes More Effective and Efficient
The Kiva robot at Amazon helps employees work effectively and efficiently by:
Saving Time
Placing more orders
Saving the company money

Q. Does ethics code exist in robotic industries
What is Ethics
Ethical codes are originated in many organizations.
Set of codes that are agreed from the society.
Ethics address the differences between the right and the wrong.

Ethic In Robotic Industries
The principle of ethics in robotic industry has different values than applying the same values and beliefs with human.
Robots are talent automated, and highly skilled technological innovation.
Robots are programmed to perform the tasks.
Many scientist and professions have supported the need of ethical standers in the robotic industries.

Many fields has been impacted by the use of robotic technology such as,
--Manufacturing / industries
--Medical Fields
--Military missions

Scholars, philosophers, and legal group has emphasized in promoting ethical practices in fields that use robotic technology.
“Robots have creators”, therefore they may be bias when programming robots.
Robots are not capable of making decisions, so they can not be hold liable for errors.
Concerns are raised about the rapidly growing robotic technology, and whether these robots will be responsible in critical decision making for the future.

Q. Does it promote outstanding or create jobs in USA/ Push USA ahead
Economists speculate that employment rates may increase much lower than expected in the future.
industries are moving toward using robotic technology in jobs.
Involving robots in industries has increased productivity, and cut down the costs.
Companies will be more willing to incorporate robots to their production sectors.
Companies have high expectations that using robots will produce very high quality products.

Whether the concept of industrial robots replacing workers is accurate or not? As of now:

Jobs that would be replaced by robots are the jobs that are possibly dangerous and dull.
the increasing level of robotic technology that will eventually create more jobs opportunities.
Implementing Robotic technology in U.S industries are tied to how much investment is available.
Robots have replaced many hazardous jobs, and as a result, human working conditions have improved.
There will be high demand for educated and unique skilled individuals, who will create, program, and maintain robots.

Many companies have implemented the
Baxter Robot
The Baxter is built to assist humans with multi tasks.
Baxter does communicate when indicating manufacture problems.
They don’t take any breaks like humans.
They don’t fall a sleep at work.
They don’t show any hostile attitude toward co-workers.

Q: Any Impact on Internationalization of the Business
International analysis expects robots market will boost, and import of robots will have an impact on domestic economy.
Japan is the leading source of importing the robots.
U.S has shown a great interest in robotic technology
U.S robotic industries have been creating robots supplier, and most of the suppliers are offshore.
U.S robotic industries have transported the technology from foreign markets to domestic market
Japanese robots producer have sold licenses and rights to U.S robots producers.

Robotics
-Start up costs
-Cash reserves
-Free cash flow
-Maintenance
-Personnel
Operate machines
Repair/maintain machines
Reprogram machines
Machines help or hurt personnel?
-Repetitive tasks only
Time and money needed to reprogram
-Safety
Moving or containing out of order machine

Robotics:
Robotics
-Is this right for us?
-Savings
-ROI
A few robots to reprogram or multiple robots and not reprogram?
-Robots to assist or fix robots?
-Robot designated areas

Costs/Economic Benefit
Robots
-Vary greatly
Da Vinci - $2 million
-New patients
expand reach
-Better doctors
Want newer systems
-Increase or decrease employment?

Drones
-$100 - $5K for personal use
-$50K for Amazon
-$30K - $50K for license
-100K new jobs by 2025
$82 billion impact
-Drones regulations similar to other regulations
-Increase or decrease employment?

AI
-Vary greatly
Still unknown
-Speed
-Accuracy
-Better results for customer
-Increase or decrease employment?
Social unrest?

Case Study - Da Vinci Surgical System
-Memorial Hospital
$2 million surgical system
Annual service contract between $100K and $170K
Additional 100 robotic surgeries a year
Laparoscopic hysterectomy - $6,679
Robot assisted hysterectomy - $8,868
ROI in 6 years or less

Personnel
--FAA approval
--Commercial Pilot License
$30K - $50K
--Will Amazon cover?
--Speak English
--Character traits
Discipline
-aking criticism
Personable
Relaxed under stress

Business
FAA approval
Daytime
In sight of operator
Under 400ft
$50K for 1 drone!
Corner market or go under?

Limitations/Shortcomings & How to Fix?
Limitations/Shortcomings
Drones
-Federal Aviation Administration
Regulations?
Approvals needed
-Possible regulations
Commercial pilot license
FAA license
Daytime only
Below 400ft
Within site of operator
-Costs
Money for licensure
Commercial use drone = cheap
Industry use drone = expensive
-Amazon
Start up costs are expensive

What can be done to correct?

-Wait and see approach
-Start taking flight classes
-Learn the hardware and software
Become a drone expert
-Start saving today
May be a few years before drones in full use

Limitations/Shortcomings
Artificial Intelligence
-Actual Intelligence
Not where it can be
Knows facts, but not the “why” behind it
-Start up costs
-Cash reserves
-Free cash flow
-Not everyone on board with progress
Gates, Musk, Wozniak, Hawking
-Ethical?
“Created machine in his image”
Resistance?

What can be done to correct?

-Making A.I. smarter
Year 2025
-Long term investment
-Ethical standards
-Machine rules?
3 laws of robotics – Isaac Asimov
Full transcript