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The Theories of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes as Applied to

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Lucas Rios

on 7 November 2014

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Transcript of The Theories of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes as Applied to

John Locke
John Locke's theory concerning self and the mind was something that came to be known as Associationism. This was the concept that humans are born with an "empty mind", a
tabula rasa.
Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes' theory concerning the base instinctual actions of man when devoid of sovereign ruling government was called "state of nature".
Hobbes' Theories Applied to
The Lord of the Flies
In the Lord of the Flies, Golding shows understanding of the theories touched upon by Hobbes in his book, Leviathan, by showing the primal and savage truth of mankind's base nature, which is to gain control of everything necessary to maintain control of what they have. An example of this in Lord of the Flies is when Jack takes fire from Ralph in order to maintain power and keep his followers enraptured in his cause.
Locke's Theories as Applied to
The Lord of the Flies
In the Lord of the Flies, Golding shows that John Locke's theories apply especially in cases where the human mind is forced to dissolve connections made in order to survive. For example, early on in the story, Roger is purposefully missing his tosses at Henry, because the conditioning of civilised society keeps him from harming another human. However, later on in the story, he is not even reluctant to cause a boulder to fall on and kill Piggy. Also, at first, Jack cannot muster the courage to kill the first pig, but as the story progresses, he slaughters pigs and humans unflinchingly.
The Theories of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes as Applied to
The Lord of the Flies

All connections made in the mind form the way one grows and are kept in the mind until death. For example, if a maid tells a child that goblins and sprites live in the dark, then the child will throughout his life associate the dark with goblins and sprites.
State of nature is the concept that all humans have the right to everything on Earth, as endowed upon them by their being alive and free. However this causes conflict, as everyone is trying to get everything (that they have a right to) for themselves.
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