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# Candy Waterfall

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on 19 May 2014

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#### Transcript of Candy Waterfall

Benchmarks
Procedures
Testable Question
Experiment
Hypothesis
C4.3B Recognize that solids have a more ordered, regular arrangement of their particles than liquids and that liquids are more ordered than gases.

P2.1A Calculate the average speed of an object using the change of position and elapsed time.

P2.1B Represent the velocities for liner and circular motion using motion diagrams (arrows on strobe pictures).

P2.2A Distinguish between the variables for distance, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration.
The possible errors in our project might have been the scale. Sometimes, it wouldn't level out to zero. Another one would be the funnel. When we pored the substance in the funnel, it would sometimes fall out and we would loose some of them. Other times, the materials would stick in the funnel and we would have to flick the funnel.
In conclusion, the smaller particles, like the rice, flowed faster than the larger ones. The average rice flow rate was 47.8 g/s while the jelly bean's average flow rate was 10.15 g/s. The sprinkles flowed 14.9 g/s and the almonds flowed at a rate of 2.9 g/s. The fastest to flow was the rice and the slowest to flow was the almonds. The almonds were slices and were more of a flaky type solid. The rice was smaller and had a harder and more circular characteristics. The smaller and smoother the solid the better it flowed. The solids didn't flow exactly like liquids but the smaller particles flowed in a somewhat similar way of a liquid.
1.) Gather the supplies. M&M's, Rice, Sprinkles, Almonds, Peanuts, Jelly beans, Sunflower seeds and Macaroni.

2.) Cut the bottle for the funnel. Tape the bottle to a ruler for constant height for the supplies to flow.

3.) Get a scale, ruler, and calculator to calculate the mass flow rate.

4.) Measure the mass with the scale. Measure the largest and smallest dimensions with the ruler
Can solids flow like liquids?
Pictures!!
During this experiment I think that the smaller particles or materials will flow like liquids or at least the same motions. And the bigger particles or materials might flow slower but they might get stuck in the bottle or the funnel.
Candy Waterfall
Citations
Conclusion & Errors
"Making A Candy Waterfall: Can Solids Flow Like Liquids?." Making A Candy Waterfall: Can Solids Flow Like Liquids?. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2014.
<http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_ideas/Phys_p091.shtml#procedure>.

5.) Come up with a small description for the object

6.) Do the experiment three times.

7.) Calculate the Mass Flow Rate for each one by using this formula.
MFR= M/T

8.) Finally, calculate the Average Flow Rate by adding all the trials' MFR and divide by 3.

Research

How It Covered Them
C4.3B- We had to realize that the solids wouldn't flow exactly like liquids because their particles are more orderly.

P2.1A- We had to figure the speed the solids went to see how it would flow.

P2.1B- We represented the velocity of which the solids flowed in the data table.

P2.2A- We distinguished between the speed and displacement of the solids.
We had to research many thing, like how to find the mass flow rate, what materials we needed, and how it related to science. The mass flow rate was the mass divided by the time. There was many materials needed in this. Like M&M's, rice, sprinkles, almonds, peanuts, jelly beans, sunflower seeds, macaroni, funnel, and a ruler.
And the more of something smaller flows better. Like rice would flow better than the jelly beans.
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