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Feral Children and the Brain

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Jennifer Dzul

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Feral Children and the Brain

Feral Children and The Brain Main Question :
What are the psychological and biological affects of growing up isolated from human influence? But before I can answer that, let us learn a little more about the Human Brain!! :D This part of the brain is called the frontal lobe.
This part of the brain is used mostly for thinking. This green part of the brain is the temporal lobe, which is responsible for hearing and for retrieving memory. This yellow part, is the parietal lobe! This part of the brain contains sensory neurons, as well as motor neurons. BUT! What are neurons? Important Parts Axon ; is responsible for conducting electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body This purple part is the Occipital Lobe.
The Occipital lobe controls mainly your vision. Neurons are the basic unit of nervous tissue, or nerve cell. Myelin Sheath ; this is like a covering over the axon.This covering helps the axons deliver the impulses at a faster rate Soo.. Sensory Neurons are. nerve cells that conducts impulses from a sense organ to the central nervous system. A motor neuron are nerve cells that conducts impulses to muscle or gland. This is the Cerebellum. The cerebellum is used to keep balance and for coordination. So, What does a regular human brain look like? So how do you get your
brain to have healthy brain activity? Brain development begins as soon as you are born, so a baby’s brain is just like clay or Play-Dough, meaning that it changes very easily based on new experiences, creating new connections at every opportunity This is why baby toys are so important! "Children play differently depending on their age group. It is a fact that a child learns best through play. A pediatrician believes that the best baby toys will substantially help learn to develop their motor skills as well as their cognitive thinking" (Babytoys101). Scientists believe that a human's most important stage of life is the time between birth and puberty in which children possess the ability to learn a first language, to learn how humans act and behave in situations. This period is crucial because it is when the brain begins to develop and ceases to grow as the human hits puberty Playing with toys or simply going outside can be very beneficial to the brain due to how the neurons in the brain react to these experiences. The sensory neurons tell the brain the sensation, the feelings. And with that, new nerve connections are formed from sense. What is the Central Nervous System? The part of the nervous system which consists of the brain and spinal cord, to which sensory impulses are transmitted and from which motor impulses pass out, and which coordinates the activity of the entire body. 9b Students know how the nervous system mediates communication between different parts of the body and the body’s interactions with the environment This where one of my standards come in: This standard relates to biology because in my project, I am talking about The Central Nervous System and how the environment around us influence what neurons we use to make new connections, how the CNS controls our body's senses and actions. So what happens when a child isn't exposed to these kinds of experiences? Most of the time, when child 's isn't exposed to brain simulation, it often results to lack of motor neurons, causing the child to miss out on the basis of having a good, healthy brain, and misses the chance to learn new things. If a brain is under-stimulated, the brain won’t grow. Brain scans of neglected children sometimes show large open, empty areas the should contain healthy brain matter. These infants will fail to put on weight even if they have enough food, they won’t express interest in toys or surroundings, and are often uninterested in human attention. Sometimes they die, but most often these children survive in a kind of semi-responsive half-existence. So, this brings me to my over all topic,
FERAL CHILDREN! What are Feral Children? A feral child is a human child who has lived isolated from human contact from a very young age, and has no (or little) experience of human care, loving or social behavior, and more importantly, of human language. Feral Children can be subdivided into 3 classes:

- Isolated Children

- Confined Children

- Children raised by Animals Isolated Children:

-Isolated children can be considered a Feral Children case because they too, missed the crucial brain development period. These children usually are isolated from human contact, and are deprived of all the necessities of growth. For example, the child might have deprived of color, therefore never knew the different colors.
One of the most famous Isolated Feral Children cases is of the girl named Genie, who was tied down to a chair in an all white room, isolated from the rest of the world. Confined Children:

To be a Confided Child, the child must have been restricted in one room by their self, with no human or physical interaction what so ever.
​An example would be the Russian Bird Boy, Vanya Yudin. This boy was locked in a room with only birds in bird cages. This resulted in the boy chirping when ever he was addressed. Children Raised By Animals:

There have been lots of reports about children growing up away from humans, and being nurtured by animals. These children are often left alone in the wild, in the hope that they would die. But some times, the child would prevail, and would adapt to the animals around them if they are accepted. This would result in the child learning animal like behavior.
One of the recent cases, would be Oxana Malaya. Oxana was neglected as a child by her alcoholic parents and in search for some comfort, she went to the dogs. For a long time, Oxana lived with these dog, finding comfort in their presence. As a result, Oxanna now has dog like behavior, and barks for responses. Oxana is one of the few children who were exposed to language, so learning to speak is not a big of a task to her What makes the child unable to interact with humans even after they have been rescued?

Like stated before a human's most important stage of life is the time between birth and puberty in which children possess the ability to learn a first language, to learn how humans act and behave in situations. This period is crucial because it is when the brain is begin to develop and ceases to grow as the human hits puberty . To begin learning a language the child must first be exposed to the language during the first years of life, before the brain stops growing. If not exposed to human language and human interaction during this crucial period of brain development, the child will have a hard time adapting to human civilization. The brains cortex is the most important part of the crucial brain development period of a child, and even if a child wasn't raised in the wild early childhood trauma can also result in such difficulties. "Genie's parents were arrested and Genie became a ward of the court, and a court order was immediately issued for Genie to be taken to Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
Upon her admission David Rigler, a therapist and USC psychology professor who was the chief psychologist at the hospital, and Howard Hansen, then the head of the psychiatry division and an early expert on child abuse, took direct control of the case. The day after Genie's admission physician James Kent, another early advocate for child abuse awareness, examined her. He later stated this examination revealed by far the most severe case of child abuse he would ever encounter in his career, and after completing it he was extremely pessimistic about Genie's prognosis" (Wikipedia).
"Galina Volskaya, a social worker from Kirovskiy, in Volgograd met with the boy and claimed that whilst attempting to talk to him the child chirps in response, or waves his hands as a bird winnows its wings when he becomes confused.

The child was taken into custody of social services after his mother signed an abdication form; he currently resides in an asylum in Volgograd, but in the future will be moved to the center of psychological care which is monitoring the spread of Mowgli syndrome, with five children having the same syndrome have been identified in the past two months of bird boy being found" (Wikidin). When she was discovered, Oxana found it difficult to acquire normal human social and emotional skills. She had been deprived of intellectual and social stimulation, and her only emotional support had come from the dogs she lived with. Oxana's lack of exposure to language in a human social context made it very difficult for her to improve her language skills.

Today, Oxana can speak and many of her behavior problems have been remedied. Whether she will be able to form strong relationships and feel part of any human community remains to be seen. In the British Channel 4documentary, as well in the Portuguese SIC channel documentary, her doctors stated that it is unlikely that she will ever be properly rehabilitated into "normal" society" (Absolute Astronomy). Similarities

One thing that all the children have in common is that they all have problems with their brain.
See, these kids were deprived of the essential necessities to have a fully functional developed brain since birth. 9d Students know the functions of the nervous system and the role of neurons in transmitting electrochemical impulses. In my project, I am talking about how the neurons in the brain are responsible for sending out electrical impulses to different parts of the body (motor neurons) and how some neurons take those impulses back to the Central Nervous System (Sensory Neurons). There are critical periods of brain development for acquiring language, for developing appropriate emotional responses, and for developing the ability to understand sensory information. If a child does not make an early connection between human interaction and some kind of positive reward, then they might never develop the ability to connect with others, not make eye contact, and, at the most basic and damaged level, not understand emotion in others. They will also lose the ability to learn as quickly as other normal children.

Damage that can be caused to young brains can be irreparable – temporary responses result in permanent changes to the development of the brain. And that affects how a child approaches every new situation, how they make decisions, and how their bodies and minds grow. Citations "Association of Young Journalists And Writers." UniversalJournal. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013.

"Axon." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 05 Jan. 2013. Web. 07 May 2013.

"Best Baby Toys for Toddlers | Babytoys101." Babytoys101. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013
"Feral Children." Feral Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013.

"Feral Children Presentation." Feral Children Presentation. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013.

"Feral Children.”- Famous Psychologists, Sensory Deprivation, and Wild. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013.

"Human Survival Instincts: Fascinating Ways the Body Adapts." Bright Hub. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013.

"SALON." Saloncom RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2013. Quasar, Jarosz. “Neuron Parts Diagram”. Image. CurioCity. 14 March. 2013. 26 April 2013. http://www.explorecuriocity.org/Content.aspx?ContentID=2282Hossler
Vishal,Kalgutkar.” The Central Nervous System”. Diagram. Blogger. 14 November 2011. 25 April 2013. < http://factsabouthumanbodyanditsorgans.blogspot.com/2011/11/central-nervous-system.html>

“Human Brain”. Photo. National Geographic. 26 April. 2013 http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/photos/brain/

“PET scan of the brain for Alzheimer's disease” Photo. MayoClinic. 18 May 2007. 23 April 2013. < http://www.riversideonline.com/health_reference/Articles/CA00052.cfm>

Dzul, Nancy. “Little Jose Playing”. Personal Photograph. 14 June 1997. 19 April 2013.

Dzul, Nancy. “Jose playing Some More” Personal Photograph. 14 April 1998. 19 April 2013.

Palmer, Alasdair. “Neglected Child Brain Scan”. Photo. The Telegraph. 28 Oct 2012. 25 April 2013. < http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/children_shealth/9637682/Whats-the-difference-between-these-two-brains.html>

“Feral Child” Photograph. Webbly. N.d. 28 April 2013. < http://mrsalston.weebly.com/feral-children.html>

“Genie” Photograph. Wikipedia. N.d 25 March 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Genie_(feral_child).jpg >

“ Bird Boy” Photograph. The sun.N.d 25 March 2013. <http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/861957/First-picture-of-bird-boy.html>

“Oxana” Photograph. Mnn. N.d 25 March 2013. < http://www.mnn.com/family/babies-pregnancy/photos/9-children-who-were-raised-by-animals/ukrainian-dog-girl>

Image Citations (In order of appearance) Video Citation Sixlets69 "Feral Children Part 1" Video. Youtube. 31 January 2010. 16 March 2013. So in conclusion,
Growing away from human influence could leave a child practically with no knowledge what so ever. The child will never be able to speak, write or understand completely, although the could make great advances.
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