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MUSIC APPRECIATION

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by

Matthew Postle

on 26 August 2016

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Transcript of MUSIC APPRECIATION

Guitarist: Pat Metheny
Why play or study music?

Why listen to music?

What can music be used for?

How do we experience?

"Appreciation"??

Technique/Emotion

Differing Opinions (bias)

Glamor/Artistry
Elements of Music
Listening


The Firebird
, Scene 2 (1910), Igor Stravinsky (description/listening guide pg. 7-8)




C Jam Blues
(1942), Duke Ellington
(description/listening guide pg. 8-9)

Performing Media: Voices/Instruments
Voice:
- Most used instrument (Why?)
- Speaking/Singing
- breath, diaphragm, abdominal muscles, air support, lung power
- Singing in music therapy (stuttering)
- Virtuosity (what does that mean?)
Sound, Pitch, Dynamics, Tone Color
Preface: NO BOOK DEFINITIONS!!

Sound?
(pleasant/unpleasant)

Pitch?
(tone, intervals, octave, pitch range, solfege, vibration)

Dynamics?








Tone Color?
(timbre)
Dr. Matthew Postle
MUSIC APPRECIATION: Introduction
Cellist: Yo Yo Ma
Singer: Aretha Franklin
What is listening vs hearing?
- Active listening?
Adjectives, description, how will you remember?
Performing Media: Voice
Vocal Cords: (tightening = higher pitch)

Vocal Range: Training, Physical Makeup, Gender

Men's vocal cords: Longer/Thicker (low)
Bobby McFerrin "Drive" (left)
Cassandra Wilson "Sankofa" (right)
Men Women
tenor soprano
baritone mezzo-soprano
bass alto
Musical Instruments
-Anything that produces 'musical' sounds other than a voice
- Six Families: What are they?
Musical Instruments
- All different sizes

- Larger range than
voices

-Sub-categories:
(woodwinds)
(trumpets)
String Instruments:
Violins, Violas, Cellos, Bass
- Orchestral Strings:
- vary in size, range, and tone color

- Bow






- Strings = dominant family of orchestra

Other techniques: Pizzicato, Double-stops. and Vibrato
Other Strings: Guitars and Harps
Brass Family
Woodwind Family

- Traditionally made from
wood
- now other materials:
plastic, metal
- Mostly straight shaped
- Keyholes along body


- Air stream extends when more keys are pressed
- Orchestra = melodic, solo playing (unique timbre)
- Sound produced by:
- Flutes: similar to blowing in a glass bottle
- Reeds:
- Single (Clarinet, Sax)
- Double (Oboe, Bassoon)
Orchestral Brass: trumpet, trombone, french horn, tuba
Sound: vibration of lip on mouthpiece

Slides and Valves: lengthen/shorten tubing

Orchestra: most powerful sections

Mutes: Change timbre of instrument
Percussion Family
Sound: Struck with hand, mallet, or hammers

Two Categories
- Definite Pitch
- Indefinite Pitch

Utilizing Percussion:
- European: from 20th cent. onwards
- Non-western: dominate family
- Pop music: majority
Keyboard Family:
Piano, Harpsichord, Organ, Accordion
Piano: Invented ~1700, perfected by 1850s

Accordion: Used in various countries (folk, pop, and other genres)
Harpsichord: 1500s-1775 Pipe Organ: 1600-1750
Electric Instruments:
Tape Studio, Hybrid, Synthesizers

~1700s: First theories

~late 1890s-early 20th century: increase in design
- Theramin

1920s-1930s: Electric Guitar

1950s:
Tape Studio

after 1950: Electronic instruments heavily used in several genres

Synthesizers
: ability to generate, modify and control sound. Infinite variety of tone color

Benjamin Britten (1913-1976):
The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra (1946)


Listening Outline:
pg. 27-28
Rhythm
What is Rhythm?
- Beat, Meter, Syncopation
Meters:

Syncopation:
SU-zie HAS a BOY FRIEND vs.
1
2
3
4
1
-2
3
-4
su-ZIE has A boy FRIEND
1
2
3
4
1
2
-3-
4

Other Rhythm Terms
Accent
Accelerando vs. Ritardando
Tempo/Tempo Indication"

largo, andante, moderato, allegro, presto
Metronome
Music Notation/Notating Pitch
Notating Rhythm/Time Signature
Notation = A system of writing music
- shows pitch and rhythm
Note vs Stem Treble Clef


Music Staff Bass Clef
Sharps, Flats, Natural
Rhythm Notation Chart
Time Signatures (identify the meter)
Boomwhacker Song
Time Signature = 4/4


http://www.metronomeonline.com/
(Accidentals)
Full transcript