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The Cold War Begins

Used to discuss the first stages of the Cold War
by

Amanda Skie

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of The Cold War Begins

Deadlock over Atomic Weapons The Roots of the Cold War Europe The Berlin Airlift The Western
Alliance The Mediterranean President Truman’s statement: “It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation[conquest] by armed minorities or by outside pressures” became known as the Truman Doctrine. In 1949 the Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb, which led to the nuclear arms race.

Atomic Energy Act created the civilian-controlled Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) to oversee nuclear weapons research. The competition for global power and influence between the United States and the Soviet Union became known as the Cold War.

The Cold War origins are mainly economic, political, and philosophical. The Cold War Begins The Marshall Plan, or the European Recovery Program, called for $17 billion dollars to prevent the spread of communism in Western Europe. The Soviet Union blocked all roads, canals, and railways linking Berlin to Western Germany in 1948.

The shipments of food, fuel and other supplies were cut off to drive the Western Powers out of Berlin. A military alliance called NATO or North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed in 1949.

Warsaw Pact: alliance between Soviet Union and other communist countries in Eastern Europe US History 2 Because of the fear of nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union, Bernard Baruch called for an international agency that could inspect a country’s atomic-energy plants. This plan was called Baruch Plan. After WWII, the Soviet Union controlled the following countries:
1. Estonia
2. Latvia
3. Lithuania
4. Poland
5. Romania
6. Manchuria

These countries were known as satellite nations. Soviet influence became known as the Iron Curtain.

George Kennan, a State Department official and Soviet expert suggested the policy of , containment or restricting the expansion of Soviet communism. U.S. and British planes brought more than 2 million tons of food and supplies to the people of West Berlin.In 1949 the Soviet Union lifted the blockade. West Germany became known as: Federal Republic of Germany

East Germany became known as: German Democratic Republic
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