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Ibsen Group Project
Transcript of Ibsen Group Project
Images from Shutterstock.com Topical/Historical Approach A historical reference that Ibsen makes is when Dr. Stockmann claims that majority is wrong and has been wrong multiple times in the past.``I am in revolt against the age-old lie that the majority is always right! I tell you now that the majority is always wrong . . . Was the majority right when they stood by while Jesus was crucified? Was the majority right when they refused to believe that the earth moved around the sun and let Galileo be driven to his knees like a dog? It takes 50 years for the majority to be right. The majority is never right until it does right.`This shows a historical point of making a reference to an event in the past. Topical/Historical Approach Dr. Stockmann is furious with his fellow neighbors and once friends and insists that he should go to America. He later changes his mind, but the fact remains that through out history, America has been a signal of refuge and of new beginnings. This situation is not far from this view as the Stockmann family consider this idea of moving for their own safety. Psychological Approach An Enemy of the People
By: Henrik Ibsen By: Emily Hochstedler, Paige Townsend, Kristen Przano, and Bre Ristau. Ibsen shows political point of views that have lasted throughout history. The play was written in the 1800's, but the debate with political issues still takes place today. Neal Weaver states "Ibsen was a political maverick who took no sides: the hidebound conservatives, including Stockman's brother the mayor; the timid moderates such as the printer Erickson; and the rabble-rousing liberal newspaper editors are equally determined to cover up the facts" ("An Enemy of the People at the Ark Theatre") Topical/Historical Approach Psychological/Psychoanalytical Approach Psychological/Psychoanalytical Approach Psychological/Psychoanalytical Approach Feminist Criticism/Gender Studies Approach Feminist Criticism/Gender Studies Approach THE END Ibsen displays the negative perspective of feminism when he addresses the belief that women’s opinions and views couldn’t be taken seriously. According to the film, at the town-meeting, Petra and Mrs. Stockmann were hushed and told that the meeting was not a good place for a woman. This suggests the negative view of women in the 1800’s, and how their opinions were not as important. Ibsen, however, also showed the positive perspective of feminism through Petra’s career. In the 1800’s, a woman was not commonly a teacher, so by giving Petra a job, he encourages the positivity towards women. This isn’t surprising considering that in A Doll House, many people, like Joan Templeton, believe Ibsen’s support of women is shown when he decided “the heroine would be a housewife...” Work Cited Jojikiba, , dir. atomic bomb sound effect. 2011. Film. 19 Dec 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F03Qc9Q4Cdc>.
Hooti, Noorbakhsh, and Amin Davoodi. "The Battle between Responsiblity and Manipulation in Henrik Ibsen's "An Enemy of the People"." International Journal of Humanities and Social Science . 1.20 (2011): n. page. Print
Ibsen, Henrik. "An Enemy of the People." Trans. Array1928. Print.
Templeton, Joan. "The Doll House Backlash." Trans. Array1985. Print.
Weaver, Neal. "An Enemy of the People at the Ark Theatre." Gale Power Search. (2008):
A final example of the psychological approach in Ibsen’s, “An Enemy of the People”, is presented in an article by Noorbakhsh Hooti and Amin Davoodi titled, “The Battle between Responsibility and Manipulation in Henrik Ibsen’s “An Enemy of the People””. The authors explain various psychological tactics including the Mayor’s manipulative behavior. “It seems that for the majority of authorities and politicians, honesty is not the best policy,” Noorbakhsh and Davoodi explain, “but “manipulating the truth is the best policy”.” (The Battle between Responsibility and Manipulation in Henrik Ibsen’s “An Enemy of the People”). This is explained in relation to the Mayors encouragement of Dr. Stockmann to lie to the town about the polluted baths. The mayor manipulates the entire town into turning against his brother, only because he wants to keep have power and respect he earns from the baths. Various psychological tactics are apparent within Ibsens, “An Enemy of the People”. A first example of this is Dr. Stockmann’s impulsive behavior. This is shown when he brags to his brother, the mayor, about his various spendings. Dr. Stockmann brags, “And we bought a lampshade. Do you see? Katrina had saved the money for it. It makes the room so cosy. Stand here- no, no, right here- yes, here. Do you see the way it focuses the light downward? I really think that’s elegant. Right?” (1925). He asks questions in a rushed, crazed manner- hardly granting the Mayor time to respond. Dr. Stockmann then proceeds to be impulsive when he goes on to say, “Oh yes, I can afford it. Katrina says I now make almost as much as we spend!” (1926). This shows that the Doctor spends his money impulsively and is obviously in debt. Another example of a psychological approach in, “An Enemy of the People”, is the Mayor’s power-hungry behavior. He seems to always be competing with his brother, Dr. Stockmann. His overly competitive behavior is shown when he says, “Oh he did, did he? I hear that certain people think this, but nevertheless it seems to me that I also had a modest role in the undertaking.” (1924). The mayor downplays his brother’s help in creating the Spa- taking credit for the majority of the work and planning. He then goes on to say, “Oh, yes, the idea. My brother has had lots of ideas- unfortunately. But when things get practical, you need different sorts of people, Mr. Hovstad. And I might have expected that here, in this house-” (1924). This not only proves him to be power-hungry, but also incredibly arrogant. The way he crushes any accomplishment his brother holds makes him seem ignorant, as well.