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The Age of Jackson
Transcript of The Age of Jackson
South- Changing Government- Many believed government was managed by wealthy property owning men. Many states started expanding suffrage for white property owning men Nominating Conventions Jacksonian Democracy and the Election of 1828 Jackson was a proponent of the old Jeffersonian ideas. What are some Jeffersonian Ideas? John Quincy Adams vs. Andrew Jackson Adams was a Federalist
What are some Federalist Ideas? Election Campaign of 1828 Jackson's supporters said that he was a "Common Man", and a war hero
Adams was a Harvard Graduate, and son of former President John Adams Section Differences Emerge North-Economy based on trade and manufacturing.
-In favor of Tariffs
-against Federal Government sale of cheap public land
South-Economy based on farming
-Biggest cash crops are Tobacco and Cotton
-Relied on enslaved labor
West-Economy is just emerging
-Were in favor of policies that boosted farming and settlement Tariffs A TAX imported on imports and exports
North wanted a tariff on cheap Britain textiles
President Adams signed legislation into law
South was in an economic depression and tariffs didn't help.
John C. Calhoun took side of the South
He used this to promote States Rights
Led to Nullification Crisis Jackson Responds 1832 Congress passed legislation to lower tariffs
South Carolina passed Nullification Act
Congress passes Force Bill
Henry Clay proposes compromise Second Bank of U.S. Second bank of U.S. was Federal Government financial agent
Bank printed money, and bank notes
Made transfers of federal funds between states
Jackson believed bank only helped the wealthy
James McCulloch v. Maryland Panic of 1837 Jackson refused to renew charter for the Second Bank of U.S.
This led to a rapid growth of inflation
Banks then began to accept only coinage
This then led to deflation and an economic crash. Indian Removal Act Many Native Americans lived in settlements in the south, mainly from Georgia to Mississippi.
Jackson wanted to make room for American settlers.
Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830
Congress also established Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. Indian Resistance Cherokee were the first to resist
They tried to adopt American culture
Gold however was found on their land and Georgia government wanted their land
Cherokee refuse to move
Georgia militia began attaching Cherokee settlements
Cherokee sued the state of Georgia claiming that they were an independent nation Worcester v. Georgia 1832 Supreme Court ruling under Chief Justice John Marshall, ruling in favor of Native Americans.
Court also stated that states had no rights over Native Americans, only Federal Government.
Georgia Government ignored ruling and forced Cherokee to march 800 miles west.
Trail of Tears- Over 18,000 Cherokee died. 1812 War with
Great Britain 1814 Battle of
Horseshoe bend 1824 Jackson looses
election. Corrupt Bargain 1828
Tariff of Abominations
In response to the tariff,
John C. Calhoun protests
Nullification Crisis 1830 Indian Removal
Act 1832 Jackson vetoes
Bank Recharter Bill 1837 Panic of 1837 Key Terms 1. Jacksonian Democracy
2. Nominating Conventions
3. Democratic party
4. Spoils System
5. Kitchen Cabinet
6. Tariff of Abominations
7. States' Rights Doctrine
8. Nullification Crisis
9. Panic of 1837
10. Indian Removal Act
11. Worcester v. Georgia
12. Trail of Tears