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ASR

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Fernando Carvalho Pacheco

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of ASR

Artificial Surfing Reefs (ASR)
3.Conclusion
3.1. the environmental factors;
the socioeconomic values;
the coastal management.
Fernando Carvalho Pacheco
BCD
RGE
21370172

Outline
1.
INTRODUCTION
1.1. Why are ASRs important?
1.2. Specific problem.
1.3. Sub-issues.
1.4. Hypothesis.
2.
RESEARCH
2.1. Environmental Factors
2.2. Socioeconomic Factors
2.3. Coastal Management
3.CONCLUSION

THANK YOU!!!!!
0
1.INTRODUCTION
1.1. Why are ASRs important?
Coastal population
is approximately 3x the global average and coastal migration is continuing and growing.
With this increase in coastal migration
there is a great need to protect our coast using env. methods.
Due to this
ASRs has been a topic of much interest to society
NOT ONLY IN TERMS OF COASTAL PROTECTION BUT ALSO PROVINDING SURFING AMENITIES AND SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS.
1.2. The Specific Problem
1.2. The Specific Problem
1.3. Sub-Issues
1.4. Hypothesis
The building and implementation of ASRs need to be based on three main factors:
The Environmental Factors;
The Socioeconomic Values;
The Role of Coastal Management.
2. Research
2.1. The Environmental Factors
One of the main factors which can determine the building and implementation of an ASR...
According to Scarfe
et al.
(2009)
Surfing breaks
a natural feature that is comprised of several hydrodynamic and morphological characters
REQUIRE PROTECTION
One of the example can be seen in the third case study in San Diego (California) described by the authors who discuss how the quality of a wave in surfing break can be altered by a familiar type of coastal engineering – jetties
6 case studies were described by Scarfe
et al
(2009)
2. Research
2.2. The Socioeconomic Factors
The second main factor in building ASRs is to consider the socioeconomic values mainly because of two reasons:
Direct and Indirect benefits
Lazarow
et al
.(2007) claim that
"for every dollar spent on constructing and maintaining the reef, approximately $AUD60 would be returned to the economy through increased visitor expenditure"
Lazarow
et al
.(2007) point out that
The building and implementation of an ASR at Geraldton, “will attract a total of 24,600 new surfers to the region each year”

nearby property price increases, new business opportunities… as well as a series of social benefits associated with the creation of new public good recreational amenity infrastructure and healthy lifestyle opportunities”
2. Research
2.3. The key role of coastal management
It is widely accepted that the coastal zone is a hard area to manage each particular factor or variable

Integrated coastal zone management [ICZM] is widely seen as an approach to achieving this

Scarfe
et al.
(2009) identify that
ICZM establishes and maintains the best use and sustainable levels of development and activity in the coastal zone.

is an example of a coastal engineering technology that can minimize environmental effects by attempting to mimic natural processes and benefit multiple coastal users

The concept of ASR
“is used as an example of an engineering technique that can facilitate ICZM”
3.2. ASRs are important for our coast
not only
IN TERMS OF
COASTAL PROTECTION
but also because they can help in SURFING AMENITIES AND SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS.
VARIABLES
extremely important to determine the building of ASRs
it is evident that
3.3. Surfing breaks need protection
this can be achieved by the building of an ASR + ICZM
3.4. Direct and Indirect benefits can also be created.
3.5. This research can be used
the discussion around the ASRs
3.6. It is recommended
variables such as
the best material
for the purpose of understanding the price of an ASR.
References
• Lazarow, N.; Miller, M.L., and Blackwell, B., (2007). Dropping in: a case study approach to understanding the socioeconomic impact of recreational surfing and its value to the coastal economy. Shore and Beach, 75(4), 21-31.

• Scarfe, B.E.; Healy, T.R.; Rennie, H.G., and Mead, S.T., (2009). Sustainable management of surfing breaks: case studies and recommendations. Journal of Coastal Research, 25(3), 684-703. West Palm Beach (Florida).

• Scarfe, B.E.; Healy, T.R., and Rennie, H.G., (2009a). Research-based surfing literature for coastal management and the science of surfing – a review. Journal of Coastal Research, 25(3), 539-557.
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