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Land as a Social Issue in Rwanda

Discusses land as a social issue for the people in rwanda. Hits on key points of history, politics, demographics, women's and orphan rights to land, and land usage.
by

shaun hastings

on 20 April 2011

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Transcript of Land as a Social Issue in Rwanda

Land as a Social Issue in Rwanda Pre-colonial era Under control of its central courts Ruled by Mwami Ubukonde Lineage King Musinga’s Royal Court Colonial Era Tutsi colonial officers replaced lineage heads in
northwest region "Double Colonialism" Hutu Tutsi Belgium Independence 1962 Similar land laws State owned land Land Types Post-Genocide 1992/1993 Arrusha Accords Guarantees the refugees the right to free movement/settlement upon return asa necessary component of peace and reconciliation In the interest of social harmony and national reconciliation, persons who have been out of the country for ten years or more may not reclaim any previously possessed property 40% of homes were destroyed 800,000 "old case load" refugees
1959, 1964, 1973 1996 1.4 million "new case load" refugees Inheritance Law of 1999 Denounced gender imbalances decisions of inheritance women who lost husbands
lost land to government Orphan Regulations Guardians Competition Not respected Land Laws 2005 Land Scarsity Population Pressure Landlessness Soil degradation Erosion Customary Regulations Statutory Regulations Just before Independence The average Rwandan family lived on a hill that supported 110-120 people per square kilometer 1970 - similar hill supported 280-290 people 1999- Similar hill supported 420-430 people
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