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Cyrus The great
Transcript of Cyrus The great
Cyrus's reign ranged from 559 to 530 BC He became king AND founder of the Persian Empire. When he became king,Persia was a client state of the empire of the Medes. Cyrus revolted, and won the Median capital Ecbatana and defeated the king of the Medes, Astyages. He conquered Babylon, Lydia, and the Greek cities of Asia Minor.
The expansion of Persia brought wealth, which Cyrus used to build the city of Pasargadae. Cyrus had a wife named Cassandane. She was an Achaemenian and daughter of Pharnaspes. Cyrus had four children: Cambyses II, Bardiya, Atossa, and another daughter whose name is not found in sources.
How Cyrus Rised
His father died in 551 BC, Cyrus had inherited the throne in 559 BCE. Cyrus didn't rule by himself YET. He was to young. In 553 BC Cyrus attacked Astyages: Many battles later he defeated the Median capital of Ecbatana in 549 BCE, effectively controlling the Median Empire. By 546 BCE, he officially assumed the title "King of Persia."
Cyrus's conquest of Media was the start of his wars. Astyages had been allied with his brother-in-law Croesus of Lydia (son of Alyattes II), Nabonidus of Babylon, and Amasis II of Egypt. Around 547 BCE the Lydians first attacked the Achaemenid Empire's city of Pteria in Cappadocia. Cyrus marched against the Lydians, increasing his numbers. After defeating Pteria, Cyrus moved on to the Lydian capital Sardis, where he routed the Lydian cavalry by placing dromedaries at the front of his battle lines.
Cyrus as a child
The modern sources say the best known date for Cyrus's birth date for the is either 600-599 BCE or 576-575 BCE. Folk stories were made about regarding his family background. According to Herodotus, he was the grandson of the Median king Astyages and he grew up on a shepherds farm were he spent 10 years of his life but the town folk could tell he was to noble to be a shepherds son. These tales of historic characters were common and fun but highly unlikely.
Cyrus The Great (II)
Cyrus the II, aka "
Cyrus the Great"
was one of the 1st to ever protest something we know as now Human Rights. What he did in 550 BC has effected the world we live in today in 2016. He even made a "Document" (Cyrus Cylinder) that gave birth to a whole other way of thinking.
Cyrus occupied Sardis and had conquered the Lydian kingdom in 546 BCE. According to Herodotus, Cyrus spared Croesus' and kept him as an advisor, but this account conflicts with some translations of the contemporary Nabonidus Chronicle, that the king of Lydia was slain. By the year 540 BCE, Cyrus captured Elam and its capital, Susa. Cyrus moved into Babylonia and fought the Battle of Opis. The Babylonian army was routed, and Cyrus conquered Babylon.
The following picture above is a cut out of what was listed on the cylinder. This is later demonstrated in "modern" world. He fought slavery before Abe Lincoln!
The Death of Cyrus
Like many other things about his life, the death of Cyrus is unclear. The account of Herodotus states that Cyrus met his fate in a fierce battle with Tomyris the queen of the Massagetae. An account from Xenophon's Cyropaedia claims that Cyrus died peacefully at his capital. Cyrus is rumored to be buried in his tomb at the capital city of Pasargadae but we have still not found his remains.