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Neolithic Art

A brief introduction to neolithic art, including megalithic structures such as Stonehenge, much smaller carved stone amulets, and cave painting.

Ellen Mueller

on 16 January 2012

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Transcript of Neolithic Art

Neolithic Art Approx.
6000 BCE - 2000 BCE Megalithic Structures Megaliths are large stones used
to construct ceremonial structures
and tombs Remains of megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany Stonehenge, England Menec Alignment at Carnac, Brittany, approx. 3300 BCE Neolithic Megaliths Map France, Ireland, England, Spain, Portugal Figurines small stone depictions
people, animals
geometrically stylized
probably used as amulets Ain Ghazal, Jordan, around 6500 B.C.
Plaster and bitumen, Height 104 cm Usvyaty IV Settlement, Pskov Region of Russia
approx 2000 BC, Elk horn, 9.3 cm tall http://www.asia.si.edu/jordan/html/views2.htm http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/html_En/03/hm3_2_2b.html any object intended to bring good luck or protection to its owner Steatopygous female figure, ca. 4500–4000 B.C.;
Southern Europe, Final Neolithic, Marble Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art Stonehenge is thought to be a
burial ground or ceremonial location
related to movement of the sun Neolithic Art is almost always created
for some FUNCTIONAL purpose To stylize is to alter
natural shapes, forms,
colors, or textures
in order represent your subject
in a pre-set style or manner.

Characteristic methods of expression
become recognized as
specific styles.

Think of it as the opposite of naturalistic. Impressionism Cubism Classicism NATURALISM:
a tendency toward strict adherence to the physical appearance of nature, and rejection of ideal forms. Local tradition claims that the reason they stand
in such perfectly straight lines is that they are
a Roman legion turned to stone by Merlin or
Saint Cornelius – Brittany has its own local versions
of the Arthurian cycle. A Christian legend associated with the stones
held that they were pagan soldiers in pursuit of
Pope Cornelius when he turned them to stone. http://media.giantbomb.com/uploads/0/112/353112-kh_merlin_large.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_6nuQ2EZUAwg/TJIhmP2A9VI/AAAAAAAAAG0/gB636PundZU/s1600/4645955846_efc6c1f7f2.jpg Context NEOLITHIC =
organized system of agriculture
maintenance of domesticated animals (or herds)
permanent year-round settlements Large numbers of people became
farmers, living in villages & producing
more than enough food to support
themselves - thus freeing some people
in the village to attend to other
communal needs (ART!) http://www.supercoloring.com/wp-content/main/2009_06/old-ruined-hut-coloring-page.jpg http://www.childstoryhour.com/images/coloring/cow.gif http://www.gocek.org/christiansymbols/images/wheat.gif Rock-Shelter
Painting People and animals
Cogul Spain
4000-2000 B.C.E. http://static.newworldencyclopedia.org/b/bb/Cogul_HBreuil.jpg Distinctive style:
-- combinging geometric forms and
simplified diagrammatic renderings
of people & animals in everyday activities These explainations say more about the times when
they were put forward than about the monument itself --
remember this for our "Arguing About Art" session! http://www.theitalianviking.com/artwork_learn/artwork_learn_1001_prehistoric/0120MenhirAlignmentsCarnac.jpg This kind of construction is called "post & lintel"
It is the simplest way to span space.

2 supports (posts) hold up
a horizontal element (lintel) http://ftp.aa.edu/lydon/egypt/scuderi1egypt/httpwww.usi.eduartdeptartinindianaGlossaryimagesPOST.jpg.jpg it was uncommon for people
to live past 30 years old These imposing
structures were the
work of teenagers!
Remember.... In this case, these creations became
public architecture that fostered:
communal pride
group identity the stones move from a height of 3ft to 13ft
they are arranged east to west
could be connected to sun worship http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Menec.JPG http://farm1.static.flickr.com/162/378379555_49bf6aa279.jpg Figures of a woman and a man
c. 3500 B.C.E. Romania
4.5" tall made of cylinders of clay
woman has exaggerated hips/thighs
man has exaggerated shoulders/legs http://www.und.nodak.edu/instruct/rspiteri/a210/210jpeg/01-22b.jpeg http://www.und.nodak.edu/instruct/rspiteri/a210/210jpeg/01-22a.jpeg functioned as more than
a record of daily life
because it was repainted
many times over the centuries
REMEMBER... http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Justin_Bieber.jpg
Full transcript