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MBTI: Hook Your Type
Transcript of MBTI: Hook Your Type
It is an assessment tool to determine a persons personality typology. Composed of four pairs of opposite preferences, called dichotomies:
E or I Extroversion or Introversion;
S or N Sensing or Intuition;
T or F Thinking or Feeling;
J or P Judging or Perceiving.
What is the
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
History of the MBTI
Katharine Briggs became interested in personality theory after noting that her future son-in-law was different than anyone in her family. Later, she and her daughter Isabelle Myers Briggs developed an assessment to help working women during WWII. It was further refined with groups of students until the MBTI was released to the public in 1961. Today it is one of the most popular personality assessments in the world. It's expands upon Carl Jung's personality theory published in 1921.
The MBTI: Hook your Type
Validity is presented through various methods:
Correlations to other scales
Categorical analysis of behaviors assumed to be associated with defined personality traits
Analysis to uncover dichotomies
Analysis of brain activity patterns
Overall the inventory has proven to be quite valid including newer evidence presented that dichotomous preferences are biologically based in brain activity!
Myers, McCaulley, Quenk & Hammer, 2003, p. 172
The E/I dimension focuses on whether one’s general attitude toward the world is oriented outward to other persons and objects (E) or is internally oriented (I).
The S/N dimension was designed to reflect whether a person prefers to rely primarily on observable facts detected through one or more of the five senses (S) or intuition (N), which relies on insight.
The T/F dimension contrasted the logical thinking (T) and decision processes with a more subjective, interpersonal feeling (F) approach.
The J/P decision-making attitude distinguished between making prompt decisions, a preference for planning and organizing activities - judgement (J) - versus a preference for flexibility and spontaneity - perception (P).
With each of these four scales there were two dichotomous choices, that when combined, give sixteen four letter types: ISTJ, ISFJ, ISTP, ISFP, INFJ, INFP, INTJ, INTP, ESTP, ESTJ, ESFP, ESFJ, ENFP, ENFJ, ENTP, and ENTJ (Myers et al., 1998). Each type had a distinctive way of attending to the world and making decisions. To determine which of the 16 types a person would be required to complete an assessment.
Reliability (Form M) from a national sample of 2,859 respondents showed:
E/I coefficient of .91
S/N coefficient of .92
T/F coefficient of .91
J/P coefficient of .92
The sample was representative of the 1990 Census
Myers, McCaulley, Quenk & Hammer, 2003, p. 161
Myers, I., McCaulley, M. H., Quenk, N. L., & Hammer, A. (2003). MBTI Manual. CPP Inc., Mountain View, CA.
Myers, I., & Myers, P. (1995). Gifts differing: Understanding personality type. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Pittenger, J. D. (1993). The Utility of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Review of Educational Research, 63(4), 467.
Collectivist Culture Issues
Identifying with a group can make it difficult to identify personal characteristics
Myers, McCaulley, Quenk & Hammer, 2003, p. 369
Questions have been raised about the validity of the test and if personality can be truly confined to 16 characteristics
Test is compared to other assessments that are based on different theories
Pittenger, J. D. (1993)