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Unit 4 Urban legends

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Go English Live

on 21 August 2017

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Transcript of Unit 4 Urban legends

Grammar review- how do we tell a story
PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS
Thank you!
Let's look a more phrasal verbs
Remember in the Extra section there are two great books full of idioms.
Connecting words
Giving reasons
Upper UT 4 -Urban legends
And so much more
Literal or non-literal
Non-separable or Separable
2 options
3 options
Make up (S)
1. make up an excuse
2. make an excuse up
3. make it up
Go off (NS)
1. Go off the bridge
2. Go off it

We use the Past Simple for completed actions in the past. These tell the main events of the story in the order that they happened:
One day, one of the sailors went for a drive in the outback and accidentally ran over a kangaroo.
Past Continuous
for a longer action that was in progress when another (shorter) action happened
While the sailor was taking some photos, the kangaroo came round.
I know it's a little technical but it's important to grasp the idea to then use them in class.
Past Perfect Simple
An action that was completed before another action in the past
After he crashed his car the insurance company told the police what had happened.
past perfect
past simple
Past perfect continuous
For a longer action that started before another action in the past (and often continued up to this past action):
A man from South Carolina had been searching for a special make of car and eventually he bought a 1966 Shelby.
past tense
past perfect cont.
Both parts are necessary
Can
k
n
She can go
schwa
And
n
Steak and shake
Relative clauses
They are a great way to add essential and extra information to your sentences.
Defining relative clauses
essential information
All those who were her friends were invited to the wedding.
essential
who (or that) for people
that (or which) for things
whose for possession
where for places
when for times
Practice makes perfect
Non/defining relative clauses
extra info
Stephen King, who came from a very poor family, began selling stories to friends at school when he was just 12.
That
We can never use that
with non-defining clauses
We must use comma's with non-defining
relative clauses
because
because of
since
due to
as
We didn't go to the concert because of my best friend.
They claimed that due to a tech breakthrough they will be able to do it.
We have to expect certain things after certain words
Actually
When you see the word actually don't translate. It's an intro for you to correct something that the other person said.
So all in all,
to summarize the outcome of something
Apparently
To say something that you are not so certain to be true
As your teacher I am always telling you to try different ways to say things.
I am thirsty
I am very thirsty.
I am extremely thirsty
intensifier
Complex intensifier
I'm dying for a drink
This phrase is used for this certain situation.
The End
Class topic preview
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