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Unit 4 Urban legends
Transcript of Unit 4 Urban legends
PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS
Let's look a more phrasal verbs
Remember in the Extra section there are two great books full of idioms.
Upper UT 4 -Urban legends
And so much more
Literal or non-literal
Non-separable or Separable
Make up (S)
1. make up an excuse
2. make an excuse up
3. make it up
Go off (NS)
1. Go off the bridge
2. Go off it
We use the Past Simple for completed actions in the past. These tell the main events of the story in the order that they happened:
One day, one of the sailors went for a drive in the outback and accidentally ran over a kangaroo.
for a longer action that was in progress when another (shorter) action happened
While the sailor was taking some photos, the kangaroo came round.
I know it's a little technical but it's important to grasp the idea to then use them in class.
Past Perfect Simple
An action that was completed before another action in the past
After he crashed his car the insurance company told the police what had happened.
Past perfect continuous
For a longer action that started before another action in the past (and often continued up to this past action):
A man from South Carolina had been searching for a special make of car and eventually he bought a 1966 Shelby.
past perfect cont.
Both parts are necessary
She can go
Steak and shake
They are a great way to add essential and extra information to your sentences.
Defining relative clauses
All those who were her friends were invited to the wedding.
who (or that) for people
that (or which) for things
whose for possession
where for places
when for times
Practice makes perfect
Non/defining relative clauses
Stephen King, who came from a very poor family, began selling stories to friends at school when he was just 12.
We can never use that
with non-defining clauses
We must use comma's with non-defining
We didn't go to the concert because of my best friend.
They claimed that due to a tech breakthrough they will be able to do it.
We have to expect certain things after certain words
When you see the word actually don't translate. It's an intro for you to correct something that the other person said.
So all in all,
to summarize the outcome of something
To say something that you are not so certain to be true
As your teacher I am always telling you to try different ways to say things.
I am thirsty
I am very thirsty.
I am extremely thirsty
I'm dying for a drink
This phrase is used for this certain situation.
Class topic preview