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Transcript of Japanese Culture
Greeting and Introduction
Exchanging Business Cards
Lecture: Ms. Quyen Tran
What you should do and what you shouldn’t do
Loi Nguyen Hong An (L)
Nguyen Mai Phuong
Dong Nguyen Minh Anh
Nguyen Thanh Sang
A. Bowing (ojigi)
People greet each other by bowing to show their respects, thank you, congratulations, apology, hello, etc.
There are different ways to bow someone, it depends on your age or social status. The deeper you bow, the more you show your respects.
B. How to bow
Kimono is the traditional dress of Japan. It is worn in formal occasions nowadays.
Yukata is less formal than kimono but it is also belong to Japanese traditional costume.
The shape is fix.
Resources: Japan National Tourism Organization
Superstition is very important in Japanese culture. Some believes are similar with Vietnamese ones.
Resources: japan-guide.com and Asahikawa Tourism
If you whistle at night, you will call snakes or ghosts.
If you cut your nail at night, you will not be able to meet your parents when they pass away.
Number 4 is an unlucky number in Japanese. Some buildings don’t let the elevator stop at floor 4 because number 4 has same sound with “death” in Japanese.
You shouldn’t lie down after you eat because you would become a cow.
John, S. (2014, July 21). 14 Reasons You Should Bow In Japan. Retrieved from http://www.japan-talk.com/jt/new/14-types-of-bow-in-japan
WikiHow. How to greet people in Japan. Retreived from http://www.wikihow.com/Greet-People-in-Japan
Greg, R. (n.d). Japanese Dining Etiquette. Retrieved from http://goasia.about.com/od/Customs-and-Traditions/a/Japanese-Dining-Etiquette.htm
Rediff India Abroad. (2007, February 21). Punctuality: The Japanese way of business. Retrieved from http://www.rediff.com/money/2007/feb/21japan.htm
Giftypedia. (n.d). Japan Gift Giving Customs. Retrieved from http://www.giftypedia.com/Japan_Gift_Giving_Customs
Japanese Business Resource. (n.d). Dress Code. Retrieved from http://www.japanesebusinessresource.com/japanese_business_etiquette/dress-code/
Culture Quest. (n.d). Dress Code. Retrieved from http://culturequest.us/culturequestsummer/dresscode.html
Japanese Superstitions. (n.d.). Retrieved from Asahikawa Tourism : http://www.asahikawa-tourism.com/asahikawa/interesting/superstitions.html
Superstition. (n.d.). Retrieved from japan-guide.com: http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2209.html
Tatikian, S. (n.d.). Japan's family/household patterns. Retrieved from csudh.edu: http://www.csudh.edu/global_options/375students-sp96/japan/FamilyHouseholds.html
Traditional Costumes. (n.d.). Retrieved from Japan National Tourism Organization: http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/indepth/cultural/experience/q.html
Viet. (2014, January 30). Japanese Body Language And Gestures. Retrieved from Tofugu.com: http://www.tofugu.com/guides/japanese-body-language/
If you go pass the federal car, you should hide your thumbs because they are symbol of your parents.
Maneki Neko - symbol of goodluck in Japan
If you have a piece of shed snake-skin in your wallet, you will be rich.
When you see someone you know such as your co-workers, friends and say thank you or to greet customers
Deep attitudes included a formal apology, respectful greeting, asking for a favor, a thank you.
2. Table manners
Before eating: Saying Itadaki-masu” which means “I humbly receive”.
While eating: You should remember to eat all of your meal.
After eating: Saying “Gochisosama-deshita” or simply “Gochisosama” for less formal occasions to thank for the meal.
A. Eating habits
B. Drinking habits
Remember to pour drinks for the others
Wait for all the glasses to be filled.
Saying "Kampai" before drinking
Observe whether others’ glasses are full or not then refill for them
Very important in Japan
Being on time show your respects
Help to build trust and reliability.
Usually given on anniversaries, occasions.
Emphasize on the act of giving gift than its value.
Show your thoughtfulness to receivers.
A ‘thank-you’ gift back which is called “O-kaeshi” will be equals to half of your gift.
Using both hands when receive/give a gift.
Number nine is believed to be unlucky
Women: below-the-knee skirts, dresses, blouses, no pants and accessories.
Men: dark suits, shirts and ties.
Teachers: suitable and professional clothes.
Students: required to wear uniforms for equality
According to the result in the experiment of many researchers about conversational distance among different nationalities :
When people speaking in their mother tongue, Japanese people tended to sit further away comparing with others.
On the other hand, when Japanese people converted in English, they tended to sit closer the mean distance than when they made the conversation in Japanese.
Resources: Japanese Communication and Influence of Culture, Language, and Sex in conversational distance.
Japanese communication is very formal.
They tend to keep silent during the meeting and body language "is very minimal" (Worldbusinessculture).
How to count in Japanese body language
Full name: Japan
Population: 126.4 million (in 2014)
Area: 377,864 sq km (145,894 sq miles)
Major language: Japanese
Internet domain: .jp
International dialling code: +81
Two major religions
Main exports: Vehicles, computer parts, chemicals, scientific instruments and watches
Gross domestic product
Gross national income and life expectancy
Asking for forgiveness
Wear your shoes when you go in home
Refusing offers or invitation
Receiving business card by wrong way
Put your hand in the pocket
Blowing noise in the public
Point at someone
It was expected that the eldest son inherit the position of head of the house (Tatikian).
In Japanese family, the man are permanent employees while the women stay at home and take care of children (Smith, 2008)
“A dismal 3% and salaries for Japanese women were on average less than half of that of their male co-workers.” (Kakuchi, 2001)
“Women constitute 75.2% of that labour force, earned an hourly wage that was 66.9% of that paid to men.” (Kakuchi, 2001)
Shintoism is one of the oldest religions in the world. It gives belief to Japanese that they are God's descendants and Japan is the god land. (Gotquestion)
The young generations play the main roles of future.
In conclusion, Japanese is one of the strongest countries in Asia.
In term of society, although the
roles of genders still exist
in mind of Japanese people, they have
people as well. Moreover, the citizens of this nation have
long life expectancy
in both men and women. There are
many roles in their cultures
with have created the special and unique culture for Japan.
About the economy, Japanese people are
in their jobs,
work definitely hard
. They are famous for the development of
. However, foreign people should pay attention to some main points in their culture if they want to cooperate with Japanese partners; because these things can contribute to good relationships and avoid risks.
Retrieved from: Tradingeconomics
In 2012, Japan earned 5960 billion USD. It accounted for 9.61 % in the global marketplace.
It stands below the US, China and India. (CNBC, 2014)
WORKING ATTITUDE AND COMPANY CULTURE
"Salarymen" in Japan
Retrieved from: Indexmundi
Japanese business culture is still dominated by the concept of 'lifetime employment'. A young man, entering a large corporation such as NEC immediately after graduating from university at age 22, anticipates that he will retire from that same company when he reaches age 65.
Japan vs The US
Praying before and after meals.
Waiting for elder begin the meal.
Leave until everyone finishes meals.
Empty dishes to the last grain of rice
Check your friends cups for no empty one.
Not drunk when you come to formal restaurant
Don't drink until everybody's glasses are raised
No give gifts
more than 5000 yen!
It's considered as bribe.
You should receive gift by both hands
When you visit temple and shrine. You should behave calmly and respectfully.
Making a short prayer
No taking pictures insides there.
@Tokyo Room Finder
GNI per capita in the period
Human lives in Japan is normally longer than many countries.
Japanese living standards are high.
Return a bow whenever someone give you a bow.
The deeper you bow, the more you show your respects.
You should bow to the left.
Men should keep their hands in their sides and women usually keep their hands together.
The country of rising Sun