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Diseases of the Human Body Science Assignment

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Simran Rao

on 19 December 2012

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Transcript of Diseases of the Human Body Science Assignment

By Simran Rao Diseases of the Human Body Celiac Disease Digestive System Causes:
Usually celiac disease runs in families, If someone in your family has had this disease, you might have an increased risk of the disease. Celiac disease can also occur if you have autoimmune conditions.

Some experts say that there are about three hundred possible symptoms of celiac disease. Sometimes, these symptoms are confused with other disorders.
Symptoms will usually vary according to age.Here are some symptoms for different ages.
growth problems
decreased appetite
can't gain weight
chronic diarrhea
chronic constipation
abdominal bloating/pain
late puberty
mouth sores
skin rash Treatments:
Unfortuantly there is no cure for celiac disease. People with this disease must have a gluten-free diet. They cannot eat bread products and should be cautious when eating food that is already prepared such as pasta. It is also important to keep your body hydrated. You may take vitamins and mineral supplements if it helps with malabsorption. Asthma is a long-term disease that makes it harder to breath.

Effects on the Human Body:
When you have asthma, your breathing passages are very sensitive. When you are around certain things, your breathing passages can:
Become red and swollen-your breathing passages become inflamed on th inside and they fill up with mucus. This makes your breathing passages narrower, making it harder for air to pass through them.
Become "twitchy" and go into spasm-your breathing passages become narrower because the mucus around them squeeze together and tighten. This leaves less room for air to pass through. Respiratory System Causes:
People with asthma have lungs that are more sensitive than usual.
Allergic reactions may trigger asthma attacks. This is a trigger by an external substance that irritates your lungs. Some of these substances can include pollen,dust,and smog. People who work with certain products and chemicals may have an increased risk in developing asthma. These products/chemicals include antibiotics,cotton and flax,detergents foams and paints,grains and cereals,and insulation and packaging material.

Symptoms of asthma include wheezing,coughing,chest tightness,and feeling short of breath.
Call 911 if any of these symptoms occur: struggling for breath,inhaler doesn't help,hard to speak,sucking in skin above breastbone and between ribs,nostrils flaring out,pale grey sweating,blue lips and nail beds,really tired,and unconsciousness. Treatments/Preventing Asthma Attacks:
Unfortuantly there is no cure for asthma. The goal is to be as symptoms-free as possible. This can include participating in normal activities,keeping the use of your inhaler down,and reducing episodes of worsening asthma.
Avoiding triggers is very important in order to avoid asthma attacks. Some common asthma triggers and ways to prevent them are:
Pollen:Keep doors/windows closed
Dust mites:Remove carpets in bedrooms,wash bedding in hot water,and keep the humidity in the room between thirty percent and forty percent
Animal hair:Pet removal,keep pets out of bedrooms and off furniture
Mold:Avoid freshly cut grass
Exercise:use your inhaler 10-15 minutes before exercising. Warm up and cool down for 3-5 minutes.
People with asthma also take medication (such as an inhaler) to prevent and treat symptoms if avoiding triggers is not enough. Celiac disease is a condition that damages the lining of your small intestine. This prevents the small intestine from absorbing nutrients from the food you eat, through the villi, in order to stay healthy.

Effect on human body:
If celiac disease is left untreated it can be life-threatening.
This disease is more likely to afflict with problems such as central peripheral nervous system disease,pancreatic disease,organ disorders (gall bladder,liver,and spleen),and tooth enamel defects. Celiac disease can also impact mental functioning of some people and can cause Autism,Aspergers syndrome,and ADD. Adults:
low iron
bone/joint pain
bone loss
tingling numbness (hands/feet)
skin rash
mouth sores Asthma Circulatory System Hypertension Hypertension is a condition in which there is abnormally high blood pressure.

Effects on the Human Body:
Hypertension makes your heart and arteries work harder than normal. Your heart has to pump harder and your arteries have to carry blood that's moving under a lot of pressure. If hypertension continues for a long time your heart and arteries may not work as well as they should. Your kidneys,eyes,and brain may also be affected.

Hypertension is usually the result of:
kidney problems
hormonal disorders
abnormalities of the aorta
narrowing of certain smaller arteries

Some teens may inherit high blood pressure from their parents. Obese kids and teens have a higher risk in developing hypertension. People who take illegal drugs or drink a lot of alcohol can also develop hypertension. Symptoms:
People can live with hypertension for a long time without experiencing any symptoms. This is why it is often called "the silent killer." Though someone may not experience any symptoms it doesn't mean that hypertension isn't effecting your body. Severe hypertension can cause:
visual changes

Treatments/Preventing Hypertension:
The goal for treating hypertension is to lower your blood pressure. People with hypertension are encouraged to:
eat a healthier diet
quit smoking
get more exercise
limit how much alcohol you drink Resources Digestive System (Celiac Disease):
www.bodyandhealth.canda.com Respiratory System: www.lung.ca
www.bodyandhealth.canada.com Circulatory System: www.kidshealth.org
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