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Orientation to Teaching

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Kerry Moore

on 29 October 2018

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Transcript of Orientation to Teaching


If so, what was the most interesting camp you've been to?

Adjusting the Attitude of Learners
In Positivism the learning focus is on:
Positivism Curriculum
Focuses on teaching a statement of facts and overlooks student engagement.
Behaviorism curriculum & reinforcement
Developing Your Own Philosophy of Education
have you ever been to a camp as a kid?

Tell the people on your right and your left. Be prepared to tell all of us!
You will present the information from your article to the class.
use words and pictures (viewing and visually representing)
highlight the important information
1 person gather supplies (anchor chart and markers)
After given time you will all come up to share
Probably at 9:35
Reinforcement is critical :

Focuses on the here and now!
~Limits knowledge to a statement of observable facts
clear and precise instruction
direct instruction
responsibility is on the teacher
acquisition of facts
students should master expert ideas
develop your own observation, classification, and analysis
Can you think back to a teacher who used a teacher-centered philosophy?
What are the positives and the negatives of these philosophies?

Emphasizes that ideas should be
tested by experimentation and that
learning is rooted in questions developed by the learner.
Focus is on schools responsibility to improve society
Organized freedom in decisions
Change is the constant
In Progessivism There will be:
teacher-student planning
Discussion around logical reasoning
compromise in decisions made
Instruction is driven by student's questions
Problem solving
Hands on investigation
Impact on society emphasized
Climate & Discipline:

* democratic decisions
* mutual respect
* listening
* clarifying
* impact on others
* rules developed together
* rules enforced

learners are innately motivated to learn

using problems excites learners

Question Driven
How will we impact the world?
What are the clear differences from the teacher-centered approach? Do you see anything you would take away from progressivism?
Develop a free, self actualized person

Learners develop the classroom
Every individual is comfortable
Multiage-learner classrooms
Teachers meet needs & interests of learner
Learners treat each other with respect
Student freedom is motivating
Learners are innately good
Natural consequences
Teacher is facilitator and mediator
What would you take from humanism?
* develops a personal
meaning for learning
* questions your thinking
* listens to understand

* shares ideas with others
* student work everywhere
* diversified programs
* problem-solving
* critical thinking
* caring environment
* student voices are
* listening
* respectful debate

* enthused by personal
* investigate interests
* rule created together
* provides reasoning
* respects diversity
~Vygotsky's theory of building
upon schema
Whitney will present

bring a very rough draft of a part of your philosophy of Education

You will share this part with a shoulder partner
What is your image of a good teacher?
What is best for students in 2013?
How much teacher control do I believe in?
Whose voices should be heard in a classroom?
How will I deliver my subject matter?
What will I do if students don't learn?
How will I discipline disruptive behavior?
Page 108: Example philosophy of education
Consider your philosophy

Does this
, or
what you believe to be true in education?
This week-

Monday- Ch.5 pages 120-129
Including discipline approaches
Study guide

Wednesday- Classroom discipline
Pg.129-133 Teachers as change agents

Friday- Presentations Kristal & Jessica
Classroom Discipline

Monday, November 18th- Test #3 on Ch. 4 & 5
Wednesday, November 20th- Abstract #3 due
Monday, Dec. 2- Philosophies Due

Figure 5.2 will organize and clarify the information
covered thus far.

You may find clarification for your own philosophy
of education here.
We will examine 6 aspects of the contemporary classroom.
1. classroom organization
2. motivation
3. classroom management/ discipline
4. classroom climate
5. learning focus
6. technology
Classroom Organization:

Physical setting

Lesson planning

Student assessment and evaluation
Rows vs. Groups Arrangement of furniture and
materials can predict passive or active learning
Objectives based on standards geared toward the needs
in your classroom
Variety of techniques available: test, reports, projects
portfolios, discussions, normed assessments
Based on your field of study

How do you image your seats arranged?
What are you expectations for lesson plans?
How will you assess students?
Motive~ meaning an emotion, desire, or impulse
t to incite action.
What will be your source of power?
Classroom Discipline Approaches:
Classroom Management and Discipline
Some discipline approaches:
1. Control or Choice Theory
2. Assertive Discipline
3. Conflict Resolution
4. P.B.I.S.
5. Love & Logic
Control or Choice Theory
Assertive Discipline~
by Lee Canter
Conflict Resolution
"Control theory contends that we
most of our total behaviors to try
to gain control
of people or ourselves."
6 basic needs:
survival belonging
power freedom
love fun

...problem behavior is a natural consequence of our need to balance and fulfill urges for survival?
-based on consistency, follow-through, and positive relationship building.

Teachers have the right to teach and students have the right to learn.
1. rules
2. positive recognition
3. consequences
Teaching students to Recognize a problem and then solve it constructively
We want to motive for:
lifelong learning

What do you hope to
remember from this?
Classroom Climate
a holistic concept of relationships,
tone, belonging and feelings
A tension free zone
1. students have time to wonder and find interests
2. intriguing study of material
3. expression encouraged and students' views respected
4. teachers are passionate about their work
5. students create original work
6. students DO something
7. students believe results of their work is not predetermined
an active dialogue between teacher and students honoring the diversity and experience of individuals.
allows students to explore, take risks, make mistakes, and take corrective actions.
How to open the prezi...
Pay attention to how this teacher creates community in her classroom.

How does she acknowledge her students as individuals and create an environment for taking risks?
stands for
Positive Behavioral Interventions Support
PBIS is a
way for
school personnel to
(a) organize evidence based practices,
(b) improve their
implementation of those practices, and
(c)maximize academic and social behavior
outcomes for students.

Procedures + Routines = Structure
Dr. Harry Wong
Teachers have the most essential role
in creating a positive learning environment
for students.
Discipline concerns how students
behave, while procedures concern how
things are done.
Lack of structure can lead to student
Look at your list of
Discuss procedures
that are important to you.
Choose 1 and detail to a friend how you would explain this procedure to your class
School wide behavior programs
Love and Logic ~ by Jim Fay
Children grow through mistakes
live with the natural
Teachers begin with empathy
consequences of your choices
A primary concern for beginning
teachers is classroom management
and classroom discipline.
Rules need consequences,
But what about Rewards?
Extrinsic rewards

Intrinsic rewards
~ occurs when we are motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an activity in order to earn a reward or avoid a punishment. (outside influence)
~involves engaging in a behavior because it is personally rewarding; essentially, performing an activity for its own sake rather than the desire for some external reward. (internal reward)
Think of examples of each in our everyday lives.
" What do you think you're going to do to solve your problem?"
Quick question...do you like snow?
Do you hope it snows tomorrow?
..start running—and never quit! ... Keep your eyes on Jesus, who both began and finished this race we’re in. Study how he did it. Because he never lost sight of where he was headed—that exhilarating finish in and with God—he could put up with anything along the way...
Hebrews 12:1-3 The Message
Ever ran a race?
They're difficult.
But Difficult things can be considered Good too.
Is this the best or worst invention ever?
Apptivity Seat by Fisher Price
$ 80.00
* the 1st month or so of school should be spent establishing routines and procedures
How has this class changed your view of education so far?
Start with article 6...
FINAL 8:00 AM WED., May 7
Get a coffee and be here! It's earlier.
Study the prezi at
www.prezi.com/explore ...
search Kerry Moore and the title of the prezi is Orientation to Teaching
What is the difference between
classroom management


classroom discipline
Classroom discipline
addresses student behavior. Discipline has penalties and rewards.
*Classroom management
involves procedures, routines, and structure that show how to get things done.
*must be present for effective teaching and learning.
It has to do with impulse management and self-control and is the responsibility of the student.
1. explained
2. practiced
3. periodically reinforced by practicing again.
means you are DOING the right thing over and over again. You will
strive to improve performance.
There have been 4 stages of teaching described as
1. Fantasy
2. Survival
3. Mastery
4. Impact

Many teachers get stuck in ______________ .

Think back to your teachers in school. Can you see one from each of the 4 stages?
An Effective Teacher...
1. Positive
2. Classroom

3. Lesson Plans
Student Mastery

Summarize the important
points for effective teaching.
Teacher Pierre Pirard
Listen for 4 things
he mentions that
teachers do.
Some people say teaching 25 students
all day is something like this.
1. Go to
2. Search:
Kerry Moore Orientation to Teaching
It was prom weekend at our house...

Did you ever go to prom?
Robert Marzano
contends that using research-based strategies combined with dominance and cooperation and an awareness of student needs, teachers can build positive classrooms.
What have you enjoyed so far about the Call to
The #1 concern for new teachers is classroom management and discipline.

What is an effective teacher?
Effective People Know What They Are Doing
people know what they are doing.
teachers affect lives. You were hired to affect lives, not to just teach ___ grade.
Write down the 3 pieces of advices from this clip about becoming a great teacher.
1. Teachers who
informally assess
as they teach.

2. Teachers who are

3. Teachers who hold
high expectations.

1. Believe in your team
2. Set goals/ have vision
3. Make your vision a priority
4. Plan purposefully toward objectives
(high expectations)
97% of teachers said good discipline and behavior are prerequisite for a successful school.

93% said it is the public schools' job to teach kids to follow the rules so they are ready to join society.

Nearly 8 in 10 teachers said their school has students who should be removed and sent to alternative schools.

1 in 3 teachers said colleagues in their school had left because student discipline was such a challenge.

More than half of teachers said that behavior problems often stem from teachers who are soft on discipline.

Disruptions in effective classrooms occur once every 2 hours, while ineffective teachers have disruptions every 12 minutes.
A first year 6th grade language arts teacher takes you through solving some of her management and discipline issues in her classroom.
Thoughts? Surprises?
Dr. William Glasser
Did you go to high school with a
peer mediation program?
Will you be a teacher with explicit rules and explicit consequences?
*Behavior Improvement Plan
* how does the lesson plan and lesson implementation impact management and discipline?
Most effective teacher-student relationships are characterized by:
1. Appropriate levels of dominance
2. Appropriate levels of cooperation
3. Awareness of high needs
What will be easy for you?
What will be difficult?
Call to Teach EDU 213
Dr. Harry Wong from....... says effective teachers have 3 things in place...
1. Read the article.
2. Discuss the article in groups of 3.
3. Your group should turn in 3-2-1
What makes an effective teacher?
Can you hold high expectations and still be fun?


Have you experienced P.B.I.S. in a school setting?
If a child writes on the desk the consequence may be...
If a child chooses not to do her homework the consequence may be...
The Heart of Teaching:
What it Means to be a Great Teacher
God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them.
NIV Hebrews 6:10
Classroom management had the largest effect on student achievement. Students cannot learn in a chaotic, poorly managed classroom.
Teachers who had high-quality relationships with their students had 31 percent fewer discipline problems, rule violations, and related problems over a year's time than did teachers who did not have high-quality relationships with their students.
- Robert Marzano
What is an effective teacher?
1. high expectations
2. classroom management
3. instruction
50 points will be a
created text book
50 points will be our test.

What does the
student created

How do you answer the essential

What thinking leads to this answer?
11 12
What is an effective teacher?
Secondary Education:
, Brittany, Hannah, Emilee S. Harrison

Music, PE, Art:
, Mary Kate, Chase

Early Ch. Education:
Ally, Allison, Kelsey

Early Ch. Education:
, Josey, Natalie

Elem. Ed.
Annalise, Emilie H., Halle

Elem. Ed
, Emily, Rayna, Bailee, Kylie

Elem. Ed.
, Shelby, Elizabeth, Makenzie


Brainstorm and list procedures and routines for your specific field of study.

Talk about how you would explain these to your students.
Secondary education

Music education

Early childhood education

Ag. Education

Spanish, Art, and Physical Education

Elementary Education (split into 2 groups)

Friday: Classroom Discipline
How does our Christian Worldview impact our effectiveness?
Add table of contents
Utilize study guide
Access Prezi (email info. also)

Monday: Take assessment, write essay in journal on pg.? , and
turn in journal & test as you leave class
15-17 So, friends, take a firm stand, feet on the ground and head high. Keep a tight grip on what you were taught, whether in personal conversation or by our letter. May Jesus himself and God our Father, who reached out in love and surprised you with gifts of unending help and confidence, put a fresh heart in you, invigorate your work, enliven your speech.

2 Thessalonians 2: 15-17 MSG
I came that they may have life and have it abundantly.
John 10:10 ESV
What do students' believe is effective teaching?
Can we use student feedback to help us
evaluate our effectiveness?
End of spring 2018
EDU 213
The Call to Teach
17-19 God gave these four young men knowledge and skill in both books and life. Daniel 1:17-19 MSG
New Living Translation
Then you will experience God's peace, which exceeds anything we can understand. His peace will guard your hearts and minds as you live in Christ Jesus.
Philippians 4:7
First, let's find out what an essential question is...
The four aces of effective teaching...
Ace 1: Outcomes

Ace 2: Clarity

Ace 3: Engagement

Ace 4: Enthusiasm
Share your thinking from Day 6...
What activities were you involved in as a child?
What jobs have you held as a teenager or young adult?
Our essential question...
Do others' words impact you?
How does this apply to effective teaching?
Rosenthal and Jacobsen (1968)

“When we expect certain behaviors of others, we are likely to act in ways that make the expected behavior more likely to occur.” (Rosenthal and Babad, 1985)

Practical tips:

1. Be Excellent

2. Celebrate Victories

3. Don't Accept Failure

4. Raise the Bar

Pygmalion effect
* Student created Textbooks will be turned in
Monday, March 26
* 50 pt. Test on Monday, March 26
* S of O Influence assignment.... go, turn in slip,
fill out the google doc.
* Attend a professional development meeting
* check absences

*Meeting coming! Wednesday March 14- 6:00-7:00 PM

Proverbs 18:21The Message (MSG) Words kill, words give life; they’re either poison or fruit—you choose.

Do you see these student expectations as something you will consider as you become effective?
Gallery Walk
Do you believe that effective teachers manage classrooms and ineffective teachers discipline classrooms?
Describe to your table what you are thinking for Day 7 (Today).
What does Mr. Rutherford mean when he says he "teaches from the heart"?

new learning
~John Hattie

1. teacher clarity
2. classroom discussion
3. feedback
4. formative assessment
5. metacognitive strategies
Happy Friday!
Hattie studied six areas that contribute to learning:
the student, the home, the school, the curricula, the teacher, and teaching and learning approaches.
What order would you rank these 5 practices as a student? What is the most important for your learning? (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th)
Justify your rankings.
1. informally assess

2. be flexible

3. hold high expectations
John Hattie
1. teacher clarity
2. classroom discussion
3. feedback
4. formative assessment
5. metacognitive strategies
1. Believe in your team
2. Set goals/ have vision
3. Make your vision a priority
4. Plan purposefully toward objectives
Pierre Pirard
Advice from new teachers
Pick your ACE. What would be the one thing
you will absolutely do in your classroom?
How does focusing on one positive element discourage negative behaviors?
How does this strategy affect

class culture

Why is it important to point out the ways in which you see students being
and scientists?

What are the benefits and challenges of eliciting student feedback?
Why is building relationships an important part of classroom management?
Everyday you will need...
positive disposition
paper for notes
your student created textbook
pencil/ colored pencils
What is an effective teacher?
What is an effective teacher?
Three pieces of advice from new teachers

John Hattie's research points out 5 effective practices
What connections are you noticing?
13 14

~also known as the
self-fulfilling prophecy
Key Ideas

Interesting or surprising concepts

Questions I still have
Gather in groups of like
... The tallest person please come get a 3-2-1 organizer.
It takes a minimum of
4 positives to shift
1 negative
As a student what do you really want from a teacher?
Now or in past Experiences...
Tell us a story...

Of a time you got into trouble in school.
What are some of the discipline strategies you have experienced or have seen in the classroom k-12?
What can you learn from Ms. Wessling about reflecting on your practice?
What should my students learn?
How should my students learn?
Did my students learn it?
What is an effective teacher?

* last opportunity is April 11th

* registration closes April 4th

* if registration is a problem see Mrs. Julie Jones
Full transcript