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Subculture or Urban Tribes

Trabalho Inglês
by

Vera Ribeiro

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Subculture or Urban Tribes

or urban tribes
First
What are "Urban Tribes"
Urban tribes are groups of people in urban areas who have some kind of close association based upon similar lifestyles or activities.
They are made up by groups of people – usually young, with a distinct common identity: the same aesthetic codes, the same identity symbols, the same rules, the same language, the same music…........ A whole ideology!
They are a reflection of what they love or what they hate and of their own instincts.
Example
of
Urban
Tribes
source YouTube
Urban tribes are young city people that gather in relatively small, fluid groups. These groups share common interests that are, in general, different from the interests of mainstream culture.
Emo
Punk
Skinhead
History
The term emo is short for emocore which is short for emotional hardcore. Emotional Hardcore is a type of music that is loud with harsh vocals which can very in structure and flourishing patterns. people describe the term "emo" as a way of getting in touch with their emotional side. Emos are often mistaken as Gothics because of their common clothing style. The subculture came about through the music and their fashion that later became a trend. The subculture started off as a movement in D.C.
Values and Beliefs
Emo subculture values expressing their emotions through fashion or music. They also value acceptance, since most of them feel indifferent and unwanted by others . Emos believe after death they will be regenerated and go to a better world. They also worship death, pain, and heartache.
Symbols
Emos wear black or dark colors as a base color. This shows feelings like sulking, fear, mysteriousness, and confidence.
The dark make-up they wear around their(boys&girls) eyes with long hair covering a side of their face, shows them trying to avoid unnecessary attention.
Wear tight clothes to show their sensitivity and fragility
The thick, black framed and horn rimmed glasses show their intellectual side and their love of reading.
They wear other colors like pink, purple, red, blue, green, etc. to show other feelings such as: happy, sad, irritated, etc..
language
The "emo" subculture do not have a specific language of their own. They talk just as any other person talks. Emos' do express their feelings more than a person normally will and they enjoy writing poetry, songs and even just simple quotes like the one to the right.
Effect on Mainstream Society
Emo subculture has become more popular amongst mainstream society especially because people seem to like the things they do and believe in. Some people view emos as bad influences that should not be followed. But others value them for being different.

The punk subculture, which centers around punk rock music, includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashions and forms of expression, including visual art, dance, literature and film. The subculture is largely characterized by anti-establishment views and the promotion of individual freedom.
Ideology
Although punks are frequently categorized as having left-wing or progressive views, punk politics cover the entire political spectrum. Punk-related ideologies are mostly concerned with individual freedom and anti-establishment views. Common punk viewpoints include anti-authoritarianism, a DIY ethic, non-conformity, direct action and not selling out.
Other notable trends in punk politics include nihilism, rebellion, anarchism, individualism, socialism, anti-militarism, anti-capitalism, anti-racism, anti-sexism, anti-nationalism, anti-homophobia, environmentalism, vegetarianism, veganism and animal rights. However, some individuals within the punk subculture hold right-wing views, neo-Nazi views, or are apolitical .

A skinhead is a member of a subculture that originated among working class youths in London, England in the 1960s and then soon spread to other parts of the United Kingdom, and later to other countries around the world. Named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, the first skinheads were greatly influenced by West Indian, rude boys and British mods, in terms of fashion, music and lifestyle.Originally, the skinhead subculture was primarily based on those elements, not politics or race but, since then, race and politics have become factors by which some skinheads align themselves. The political spectrum within the subculture now ranges from far right to far left, although many skinheads are apolitical.
Fashion

Punks seek to outrage others with the highly theatrical use of clothing, hairstyles, cosmetics, tattoos, jewellery and body modification. Early punk fashion adapted everyday objects for aesthetic effect: ripped clothing was held together by safety pins or wrapped with tape; ordinary clothing was customised by embellishing it with marker or adorning it with paint; a black bin liner became a dress, shirt or skirt; safety pins and razor blades were used as jewellery. Also popular have been leather, rubber, and vinyl clothing that the general public associates with transgressive sexual practices likebondage and S&M.
Some punks wear tight "drainpipe" jeans, plaid/tartan trousers, kilts or skirts, T-shirts, leather jackets, and footwear such as Converse sneakers, skate shoes, brothel creepers, or Dr. Martens boots. Some early punks occasionally wore clothes displaying a Nazi swastika for shock-value, but most contemporary punks are staunchly anti-racist and are more likely to wear a crossed-out swastika symbol. Some punks cut their hair into Mohawks or other dramatic shapes, style it to stand in spikes, and color it with vibrant, unnatural hues.

History
Ideology
-Racism, anti-racism and politics
In the late 1960s, some skinheads in the United Kingdom had engaged in violence against South Asian immigrants (an act known as Paki bashing). There had, however, also been anti-racist and leftist skinheads since the beginning of the subculture, especially in Scotland and northern England.
These early skinheads were not necessarily part of any political movement, but by the early 1970s, some skinheads aligned themselves with the white nationalist National Front. As the 1970s progressed, racially-motivated skinhead violence in the United Kingdom became more political, and far right groups such as the National Front and the British Movement saw a rise in white power skinheads among their ranks. By the late 1970s, the mass media, and subsequently the general public, had largely come to view the skinhead subculture as one that promotes racism and neo-Nazism.
The white power and neo-Nazi skinhead subculture eventually spread to North America, Europe and other areas of the world. The mainstream media started using the term skinhead in reports of racist violence (regardless of whether the perpetrator was actually a skinhead); this has played a large role in skewing public perceptions about the subculture. Three notable groups that formed in the 1980s and became associated with white power skinheads are White Aryan Resistance, Blood and Honour and Hammerskins.
Also during the late 1970s and early 1980s, however, many skinheads and suedeheads in the United Kingdom rejected both the far left and far right. This anti-extremist attitude was musically typified by Oi! bands such as Cockney Rejects, The 4-Skins Toy Dolls, and The Business. Two notable groups of skinheads who spoke out against neo-Nazism and political extremism—and in support of traditional skinhead culture.
In the United States, anti-racist skinheads countered the neo-Nazi stereotype by forming organisations such as The Minneapolis Baldies, Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice (SHARP) and Anti-Racist Action (ARA).
On the far left of the skinhead subculture, redskins and anarchist skinheads take a militant anti-fascist and pro-working class stance. Internationally, the most notable left-wing skinhead organisation is Red and Anarchist Skinheads.
In the United States, conservatism has been common in the skinhead scene, with many non-racist skinheads expressing right-wing and anti-communist views, glorifying American military actions and voicing opposition to modern liberalism.
Features
-STYLE AND CLOTHING
HAIR:
MEN:
WOMEN:
Originally, between a 2 and 3 grade clip-guard (short, but not bald); beginning in the late 1970s, typically shaved closer, with no greater than a number 2 guard. At this time, side partings were sometimes shaved into the hair. Now some skinheads clip their hair with no guard, and some even shave it with a razor. This started with the introduction of the Oi! scene.
In the 1960s, many female skinheads had mod-style haircuts. During the 1980s skinhead revival, many female skinheads had feathercuts. A feathercut is short on the crown, with fringes at the front, back and sides. Some female skinheads have a shorter punk-style version of the hairstyle; almost entirely shaved, leaving only bangs and fringes at the front.
SHIRTS:
COATS, JACKETS AND SUITS:
TROUSERS:
FOOTWEAR:
HATS:
BRACES (SUSPENDERS):
BADGES AND SCARVES:
TATTOOS:
Tattoos have been popular among many skinheads since at least the 1970s revival. Some skinheads had tattoos on their faces or foreheads with images or text related to the skinhead subculture in general, bands, affiliations or their beliefs.
Button badges or sewn-on fabric patches with text and/or images related to the skinhead subculture in general, bands, affiliations or beliefs. Woollen or printed rayon scarves in football club colours, worn knotted at the neck, wrist, or hanging from a belt loop at the waist.
Braces (known as suspenders), various colours, usually no more than 1 inch in width, clipped to trouser waistband. In some areas, braces much wider than that may identify a skinhead as either unfashionable or as a white power skinhead. Traditionally, braces are worn up in an X or Y shape at the back, but some Oi!-oriented skinheads wear their braces hanging down.
Trilby hats; pork pie hats; flat caps (Scally caps or driver caps), winter woolen hats (without a bobble).
Boots, originally army surplus boots or generic workboots, then Dr. Martens boots and shoes; brogues; loafers. During the 1960s, steel-toe boots were called bovver boots. Suedeheads sometimes wore coloured socks, such as in red, orange or green.
Same as men, with the addition of monkey boots.
WOMEN:
Sta-Prest flat-fronted slacks and other dress trousers; Jeans, parallel leg, hemmed or with rolled cuffs ; combat trousers (plain or camouflage). Jeans and slacks are worn deliberately short to show off boots, or to show off socks when wearing loafers or brogues. Jeans are usually blue, sometimes splattered with bleach to resemble camouflage.
Same jeans and trousers as men, or skirts and stockings. Some skingirls wear fishnet stockings and mini-skirts.
IN GENERAL:
WOMEN:
Fitted blazers; MA-1 type flight jackets, usually black or green; denim jackets; Harrington jackets; donkey jackets; monkey jackets; Crombie-style overcoats; short macs; sheepskin 3/4-length coats; parkas. Traditional skinheads sometimes wear suits, often made out of two-tone tonic fabric or in a Prince of Wales or houndstooth check pattern.
IN GENERAL:
Same as men, with addition of dress suits—composed of a ¾-length jacket and matching short skirt.
WOMEN:
Long-sleeve or short-sleeve button-up shirts or polo shirts by brands such as Ben Sherman, Fred Perry, Brutus or Jaytex; Lonsdale or Everlast shirts or sweatshirts; collarless grandad shirts; V-neck sweaters; sleeveless sweaters; cardigan sweaters; T-shirts (plain or with text and/or images related to the skinhead subculture). Some Oi! and hardcore-oriented skinheads wear plain white tank top undershirts, especially in North America.
Punk
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