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Basic Russian. Lesson 1

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Alexandra Riabenko

on 16 October 2015

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Transcript of Basic Russian. Lesson 1

Basic Russian. Lesson 1
Russian Alphabet
Intro
Things that make Russian easier to learn than other languages:
Basic Phrases
In Russian, the pronunciation is quite clear and doesn't differ a lot from the written form (1 letter = 1 sound).
Sentence structure is easy. You can say exactly what you want with less words.
Russian use the case system instead of having a strict sentence word order.
Russian doesn't use articles (like "a" or "the").
Russian has only 3 tenses - Past, Present and Future.
33 letters
11 vowels
20 consonants
2 pronunciation signs
А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ё, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ы, Ь, Э, Ю, Я
Russian letters that are (almost) the same
A, a -
pronounced like "a" in the word "father".
К, к
- pronounced like "k" in the word "kitten".
М, м
- pronounced like "m" in the word "man".
O, o
- pronounced like "o" in the word "bore" (when stressed), pronounced like "a" (when unstressed).
Т, т
- pronounced like "t" in the word "tap".

Russian letters that look like English ones but sound different
В, в
- pronounced like "v" in the word "vet".
Е, е
- pronounced like "ye" in the word "yes".
Н, н
- pronounced like "n" in the word "no".
Р, р
- pronounced like "r" in the word "run".
С, с
- pronounced like "s" in the word "see".
У, у
- pronounced like "oo" in the word "boot".
Х, х
- pronounced like "h" in the word "hello".
Russian letters that look unusual
but have familiar sounds
Б, б
- pronounced like "b" in the word "bat".
Г, г
- pronounced like "g" in the word "go".
Д, д
- pronounced like "d" in the word "dog".
З, з
- pronounced like "z" in the word "zoo".
И, и
- pronounced like "ee" in the word "see".
Л, л
- pronounced like "l" in the word "love".
П, п
- pronounced like "p" in the word "pot".
Ф, ф
- pronounced like "f " in the word "fat".
Э, э
- pronounced like "e" in the word "bed".
New Russian letters and sounds
Ю, ю
- pronounced like "u" in the word "universe".
Я, я
- pronounced like "ya" in the word "yard".
Ё, ё
- pronounced like "yo" in the word "yoghurt".
Ж, ж
- pronounced like "g" in the word "beige".
Ц, ц
- similar to the sound "ts" in the word "sits".
Ч, ч
- pronounced like "ch" in the word "chips".
Ш, ш
- pronounced like "sh" in the word "shut".
Щ, щ
- pronounced like "sh" but with your tongue on the roof of your mouth.
Ы, ы
- pronounced like "i" in the word "bit" (but with your tongue slightly back in your mouth).
Й, й
- used to form diphtongs. E.g., "ой" is like "oy" in the word "boy".
Pronunciation Symbols
Ъ, ъ
- the "hard sign" is rarely used. Indicates a slight pause between the syllabes.
Ь, ь
- the "soft sign" makes the previous letter soft.
Russian Alphabet
Russian Handwriting
Спасибо
Spasibo [spa-see-ba] - "thank you"
Пожалуйста
Pozhaluista [pa-zha-lu-sta] - "please" or "you're welcome"
Да
Da [da] - "yes"
Нет
Net [nyet] - "no"
Здравствуйте
Zdravstvuitye [zdra-stvooy-tye] - "hello" (formal)
Привет
Privet [pree-vyet] - "hi" (informal)
Меня зовут...
Menya zovut... [mye-nya za-voot] - "my name is..."
Как вас зовут?
Kak vas zovut? [kak vas za-voot] - "what is your name"
Очень приятно
Ochen priyatno [o-chen pree-yat-na] - "nice to meet you"
Как дела?
Kak dela? [kak dye-la] - "how are you" (the literal translation is "how are things")
Хорошо, спасибо
Horosho, spasibo [ha-ra-sho spa-see-ba] - "good, thank you"
Плохо
Ploho [plo-ha] - "bad"
До свидания
Do svidaniya [da-svee-da-nee-ya] - "good bye" (formal)
Пока
Poka [pa-ka] - "bye" (informal)
Вы говорите по-английски?
Vi govorite po-angliyski? [vi ga-va-ree-tye pa-an-gleey-skee] - "do you speak English?"
Вы говорите по-русски?
Vi govorite po-russki? [vi ga-va-ree-tye pa-roos-skee] - "do you speak Russian?"
Я понимаю
Ya ponimau [ya pa-nee-ma-u] - "I understand"
Я не понимаю
Ya ne ponimau [ya nye pa-nee-ma-u] - "I don't understand"
Full transcript