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Chapter 5: Political Organization in Early China
Transcript of Chapter 5: Political Organization in Early China
By: Sandra, Grace & Carissa Shang Dynasty (1766-1122 B.C.E)
towns were walled
towns were ruled by local kings
^recognized Shang Kings
capital was changed more than 6 times Political Developments. Xia Dynasty (2200 B.C.E)
1st to organize public life
Exercised power by ruling leaders of villages Zou (1122-256 B.C.E)
preeminent political authority
"mandate of heaven" - heavenly powers gave the right to govern and can take it away and cause suffering to the king's realm
rulers ruled from capital
subordinates ruled with little supervision Politcal Organizations Loess soil is extremely fertile and easy to work < even when using wooden implements
^led to abundant harvests
economy agriculturally based
merchants traded and brought pottery, wine, meats, and some slaves, and above all gold
The three dynasties extended their territorial reach through time. Geography Ruled south and east of xia realm
1766 to 1122 B.C.E Shang Dynasty Origins are unclear but there is certainty that the Xia Dynasty is the very first established dynasty of Ancient China Xia Dynasty "family life emphasized the theme of hierarchy and tight organization, as it evolved from the Vedic and Epic ages"-(Sterns 72)
palace-like structures along with modest houses
encouragement of metallurgy and pottery
Keys Aspects of Ancient Chinese Society and Culture extensive size led to decentralized administration
uncontrollable production of bronze, which enable them to produce stockpiles of weapons
RISE OF THE ZHOU
Shang and Zhou ambitions collided. Districts transferred loyalty to the Zhou because the Shang King was a criminal fool. Therefore they made their own capital in 1122.
FALL OF THE ZHOU
Zhou kings could not keep control. Subordinates established their own power. They set up bureaucracies, armies, and tax systems which led them to being independent. Zhou Dynasty Early Agriculture war-like society, with horse backs and chariots that included men with bronze weapons
relied on political allies
abundant military force (13,000 troops)
monopolized bronze production & expanded it by employing more laborers
little difficulty on imposing rule and expanding culture
oracle bones used religiously to predict the future & used as medicine 1. Which dynasty was being excavated in the presentation?
2. What type of government did each dynasty have?
3. What was the Rise and Fall of the Zhou Dynasty?
4. What are the major 2 rivers of Ancient Chinese civilization?
HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW? Perfection of stone tools
creation of the calendar based on two different patterns, the use of jade, bronze vessels, and bronze casting
beginning of class and modernized society