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Transcript of Homelessness
by Vietfu Tang and Miles Gangel
Problem: What would be the most effective way in reducing the amount of homeless people in Charlotte?
Who? - Who are involved with this issue?
The 6,800+ homeless people located in Charlotte
Residents of Charlotte
What? - What is homelessness?
When, how, and why does homelessness occur?
Causes and Effects of Homelessness
What are some possible solutions to homelessness?
Our chosen solution
Steps of Implementation
a growing problem in Charlotte and society
In Charlotte, it is estimated that there are at least 2,400 people who are experiencing homelessness every day
There are around 5000-8000 homeless in Charlotte
Since 2009, homelessness among families have grown over time, fluctuating between 21 and 39% although last year, there was only a 10% increase
A 1/3 of the homeless population have a family with at least 1 child
Domestic violence is one of the leading causes of homelessness for women
As of 2010, there is a shortage of roughly 17,000 units of affordable housing for very low income families/individuals (to end and prevent homelessness)
About 9% of the homeless are employed but are unable to receive housing because of minimum wage and high rental costs for apartments
Veterans are 50% more likely to be homeless
Almost 5,000 students in CMS have experienced homelessness each year
10% of the homeless will undergo long-term homelessness
15% of the homeless are considered chronically homeless
In Charlotte/Mecklenburg County
In Tokyo, Japan
There are at least 3,000-4,000 homeless in Tokyo
Tokyo has the second highest homeless population, as of 2003
Between 2008-2009, over 1,000,000 Japanese lost their jobs
From 2007-2012, homelessness has fallen sharply from about 18,500 homeless to 9,500
The number of elderly homeless has increased to 73.5% in 2012, from 58.8% in 2003
53% of the homeless that are classified as an elder have been homeless for 5+ years
63.7% of the elderly homeless have given up looking for a job, with 40.2% of them giving old age as a reason (they are not as strong as they used to be and so it is more difficult)
Japan's 3% jobless rate and 15.7% poverty rate plays a role in creating more homeless in Tokyo
About 300 will die due to weather conditions each year
Homelessness of elders has increased but Japan refuses to acknowledge them (90% of the Japanese in a survey felt that the homeless do not receive help from the government)
When you are homeless, you do not have a home that you can stay in
You cannot sustain an adequate amount of income to afford a home or rent for an apartment
You are forced to live on the streets until you can find a shelter
Where is this happening?
Homelessness is a problem when the person must suffer for long periods of time without the necessities they need
Low/minimum wage from jobs
Mistreatment from family (such as domestic violence)
Violence and drug abuse
Chronic health conditions/mental illness
Lack of affordable housing
Increase in illegal activities
Shortage of shelters
Create more homeless shelters and affordable housing
People become homeless in the first place when they cannot afford housing so creating affordable housing can prevent homelessness from occuring
If people are already homeless, more shelters will allow them to have a place to stay so that they can recover from their homelessness
Charlotte-Mecklenburg and volunteers can help make this happen
Create more well-paying jobs and avoid minimum wages
A lot of times, people are in danger of becoming homeless when they have a lack of income so creating more options for income will reduce the amount of homelessness
Avoiding the use of minimum wages will ultimately allow people to not have to worry about money and expenses like rent and food
Charlotte-Mecklenburg, business owners, and politicians can get this to happen
Provide therapy for anyone who has chronic illnesses and issues such as violence and drug abuse
At least 15% of all homeless have chronic illnesses and when you are able to help them, you are helping and preventing more homeless people in Charlotte
Providing therapy for people who have issues will prevent many more people from becoming homeless because violence and drugs are one of the leading causes of homelessness
Therapists and Charlotte-Mecklenburg can make this happen
Create more homeless shelters and affordable housing
Creating affordable housing will be key in the recovery of the homeless because when it becomes one less thing to worry about, they can then focus on getting a better job and save up money to actually buy adequate housing
If people are in danger of being homeless, affordable housing can help prevent it from happening
If people are homeless and do not have a job, having more shelters will allow them to have a place to stay so that they can start focusing on recovery
With more shelters, less people will be on the streets and there will be less violence that occurs from the homeless
Affordable housing and shelters will ultimately protect the homeless until they can successfully recover and so that they will not suffer the negative effects of homelessness
How can our chosen solution be implemented?
Charlotte-Mecklenburg must approve the idea and have enough money to create more affordable housing and more homeless shelters
Locations must be available so that shelters and housing can be built
Paperwork must be completed so that everything is legal
Construction workers must plan and build shelters and housing that will be affordable for the homeless
Supplies must be bought such as beds, food, water, clothing, etc. for shelters
Volunteers must help run the shelter
Everyone needs to be informed so that the homeless can know that there are shelters available and people who are at risk of becoming homeless will know that there is affordable housing available
Affordable housing and shelters will help recovery but it does not get to the root cause of homelessness
It is true that this solution looks at the recovery side of homelessness and not the cause but it does its best in providing affordable shelters so that people at risk will not become homelessness
The problem asks how can we reduce the amount of homeless people and helping the homeless who are currently struggling will help reduce the numbers of homeless people drastically